Volvo S80 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

8 Jun 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Volvo S80 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volvo S80

The Volvo S80 is a mid-size executive saloon/sedan from Swedish automaker Volvo Cars. and was introduced in 1998 to take the place of the rear-wheel drive Volvo 960 /S90 saloons in the model range. The Volvo S80 was built at the Torslanda Works in Gothenburg. Sweden.

Unlike most Volvo models, it did not have an estate / station wagon version for its first generation. The third generation V70 wagon is marketed as the estate version for the second generation S80 saloon. This is a part of a major product overhaul at Volvo. including a luxury large estate and saloon.

It serves as the flagship model for Volvo.

First generation [ edit ]

1,634–1,712#160;kg (3,602–3,774#160;lb )

The first generation S80 is based on the Volvo P2 Platform. Over 368,000 first generation S80s were built before the introduction of the new model. [ 4 ] This S80 was equipped with numerous safety systems, including Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) and Whiplash Protection System WHIPS. [ 5 ] The S80 featured a straight-six engine in a transverse engine mounting. No existing manual gearbox would fit in the engine bay with the six-cylinder engine, so Volvo had to develop their own, the M65. It featured also an environmental specification, covering aspects such as allergens from textiles, fuel economy and the life cycle of the car from production to dismantling. [ 6 ]

The S80 used canbus multiplex wiring. [ 7 ]

The S80 was initially available with four different engines. Starting the range was a detuned 2.4-litre 104 kilowatts (141#160;PS ; 139#160;bhp ) five-cylinder.

This was also available as a compressed natural gas (CNG) and as an liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) version. The fully tuned version produced 125 kilowatts (170#160;PS; 168#160;bhp). Next up was a 2.9-litre 144 kilowatts (196#160;PS; 193#160;bhp) six-cylinder, then 200 kilowatts (272#160;PS; 268#160;bhp) T6, and finally, the 103 kilowatts (140#160;PS; 138#160;bhp) 2.5-litre Volkswagen -sourced Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine. The 2.9 has a straight-six engine. while the T6 was powered by a destroked twin-turbocharged version. [ 5 ]

In 2000, there was the addition of the 149 kilowatts (203#160;PS; 200#160;bhp) 2.5T, available with standard all-wheel drive. The 2.5T model featured a light-pressure turbocharger.

Late 2001 introduced the 120 kilowatts (163#160;PS; 161#160;bhp) five-cylinder common rail diesel D5. detuned to 96 kilowatts (131#160;PS; 129#160;bhp) and sold as 2.4D in some markets. [ 3 ] [ 8 ]

In some European countries, the entry level S80 came with a 2.0-litre five-cylinder turbocharged engine producing 182 metric horsepower (134#160;kW; 180#160;bhp). These were sold in countries where larger capacity engines were penalized by heavy taxes.

Minor exterior design changes occurred between 2003 and 2004 versions, notably front grille styling.

Safety [ edit ]

EuroNCAP tested the first generation Volvo S80, running from 1998 to 2003. They tested a left hand drive, 4-door Saloon, registered in 2000, with front seatbelt pretensioners, seatbelt load limiters, as well as front, side, body, and head airbags:

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