Volvo 850 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Volvo 850

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Overview [ ]

The Volvo 850 was introduced worldwide as a model, but arrived in the United in the 1993 model year. It was as a saloon (sedan) with an (wagon) model on sale 1992 in Europe. The 850 was the first model in North America to front-wheel drive and an all-aluminium 20-valve straight-five engine. The 850 was top-seller in the mid-1990s.

In markets the U.S. a 10-valve variant of the was popular for its lower cost and fuel economy.

Volvo 850 SE 2.5 (Australia)

The 850 saloon features an space of 2.80 cubic (99#160;cu#160;ft). This is slightly than the 2.78 cubic (98#160;cu#160;ft) of the 2004 Mercedes-Benz even though the car is reasonably on the outside. This space is by mounting the in-line 5-cylinder transversely (from the left to the of the car) under the hood.

The 850 T5 is of top speeds in excess of 250 kilometres per (155#160;mph) when ungoverned. models of the estate and saloon been tested to maximum of 147#160;mph.

In 1995, a limited-edition labeled T-5R, was sold

From 1996-1998, a high-end the R, was produced. It was based on the aforementioned

In 1996 a Platinum edition of the 850 was available. The exterior paint for models came in a metallic platinum-colour and had special 16#160;inch wheels. The interior was fitted leather seats and burled accents. Only 1,500 of were imported for the U.S. [ 1 ]

For the last model year the 850 AWD (All Wheel Drive) was introduced with a new 193#160;bhp 196#160;PS) low pressure turbo engine (B5254T).

In 1998, the line was updated, and renamed the S70 sedan and Volvo V70 station These vehicles were in the U.S. through the 2000 year when there still many 850s to be sold. This allowed for an designed vehicle; the 2001 S60 and Volvo V70. during the production hiatus.

Rear [ edit ]

For the 850, Volvo what it called Delta-link rear suspension. Volvo a U.S. patent for rear bushings that compress load, giving the Volvo 850 rear steering. The automobile has a tight turning circle, (33.5#160;ft), and is considered very

By comparison, later large had a 11.9#160;m (39.0#160;ft) turning

T-5R [ edit ]

Volvo 850 at the Volvo Museum

In 1995, a performance model, developed in with Porsche, was released and the T-5R. The vehicle was based on the 850 utilizing the B5234T3 engine a special ECU (Bosch #628) added an additional 2#160;psi of turbocharger boost pressure, [ 2 ] the engine an extra 18#160;hp 18#160;PS) for a total of 243#160;hp and 221#160;lb·ft (300#160;N·m) of torque. The was mated to a 4-speed automatic

The T-5R was renowned as a sleeper despite its boxy, understated it boasted a drag coefficient of and was capable of accelerating from 0 to (97#160;km/h) in 5.8 – 6.0 seconds on transmission and body type). The top was electronically limited to 155#160;mph

The vehicle came standard Pirelli P-Zero tires, lateral grip of 0.88 g. The tuning was co-developed with as was the transmission and other powertrain Porsche also aided in some of the interior, such as the seat inserts. Only two were available, a trunk-mounted 6-CD changer and no-cost 16 for a smoother, more comfortable and driveability in snow when all-season tires.

Also in the 1995 T-5R package was a bumper with a lip, spoiler, side skirts, aluminum door sills, graphite leather and Alcantara and a black interior with walnut wood grain Both yellow and black came with the same interior as the only choice. The has an additional badge to the left of the 850 on the referred to as The Motorsport badge. The road wheel was the titanium-gray 17×7 Titan.

1995 was the only year the a model was badged as a T-5R; the year, as Volvo recognized the popularity, the model was renewed the designation 850R.

The Volvo 850 was also noted for its safety It was the first automobile to be fitted with four airbags. [ needed ] The side airbags installed in the seat cushions. The airbags were integrated the rest of the Volvo model the following year as an option, and standard a year after other manufacturers soon suit. The car was also fitted an early example of daytime lamps.

It was also the first to have three-point seatbelts at all seating positions (previously, had only a lap belt for the center seat). The T-5R also the OBDII diagnostics system, a before OBDII was made an standard.

5500 T-5Rs produced worldwide, of which 185 to the United States. The 1995 850 was limited in exterior paint choices:

Cream yellow 1975 worldwide including and station wagon

Black 3025 worldwide including and station wagon

Emerald metallic – 0500 including saloon and station

850 R [ edit ]

Volvo 850 R in Torslanda,

In 1996 Volvo introduced a new performance Volvo 850 as a replacement for the successful limited edition Volvo decided there be no direct successor to the T5-R, but due to its hand in improving Volvo’s and the big sales success Volvo to develop a new high performance The new car should be based on the T-5R but some improvements.

The new car was called the 850 R which again came as a sedan or Sport Wagon. In form, the turbocharged station can accelerate from 0-62#160;mph in (manual/auto) seconds and reach up to (254#160;km/h). [ citation needed ]

of the 850 R ran between 1996-1997 (the year of the 850) and unlike the was not limited. Various Volvo estimate between 5000-7000 of all 850 R were produced and sold

The only colours available Bright Red, Black Dark Grey Pearl, Olive Pearl, Turquoise and Polar White. In the US market Bright Red, Polar and Black Stone were Cream yellow was discontinued for the 850 R. The featured a newly designed spoiler.

Spoiler was now standard on the The interior upgrades include heavily bolstered bucket front seats (alcantara with leather side alcantara door cards, leather steering wheel, steel ‘850’ kick and R branded over mats. A amplifier was also added to the audio system as was the option to an SC-805/815 in-dash CD player markets).

There were 2 choices of for the 850 R interior:

Graphite grey with dark alcantara seat and door inserts, black walnut wood on instrument panel and floor with Graphite carpeting/interior Additional Light Grey gearknob, seat piping and wheel insert.

Ivory/very brown leather with alcantara suede seat and inserts, Scandinavian light wood trim with brown carpets with interior plastics. Steering insert, handbrake handle and finished in beige leather.

For a time in 1996, Volvo a new heavy duty manual designed specifically for the 850 R (excluding US called the M59, which both a viscous coupling and a differential. Furthermore, the M59 equipped were fitted with the 2.3-litre 5-cylinder engine a larger TD04HL-16T turbo, manifold intercooler, unique ecu + 4.4. uprated fuel sensor and a heavy duty These modifications enabled the to produce 250#160;hp (190#160;kW) and (260#160;lb·ft) versus 240#160;hp and 300#160;N·m (220#160;lb·ft) for the automatic

Further changes for the 850 R over the were made to the suspension:

front and 19.5mm rear 20mm on T5-R)

Stiffer settings

7×17 7-spoke duty volan alloy

Viscous coupling with differential (M59 manual

Some European spec had a 302mm brake upgrade as

Due to encumbrances placed on engine by the Italian government, 850 Rs sold in were based on the 2.0 litre 850 The transmission was the standard AW/50-42 in all U.S. 850s, the M56H available in other countries..

levels in United States [ ]

1993 [ edit ]

850 GLT: I5. 168#160;hp (125#160;kW ) @ 6300#160;rpm and (220#160;N·m ) @ 4500#160;rpm

All 1993 850 were badged GLT, of equipment. Many options sunroof, and more) were into the Touring package.

[ edit ]

1995 [ edit ]

The GLT returned for the 1995 model so there were now sedan and versions of the 850, 850 GLT, 850 and 850 T-5R. The T-5R was the new high model, with more stemming from ECU tuning, and suspension, trim and wheels. In to the introduction of the T-5R, changes new tail-lights for sedans, optional airbags for all variants, new interior design and several other changes.

Australian delivered 850 SEs provided with the B5252 10 motor, which was labelled on the cam cover.

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