Volvo 440/460 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

24 Aug 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Volvo 440/460 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Design and styling [ ]

The Volvo 440/460 series designed to fit in below Volvo’s saloon and estate cars as a to the 340/360 series. First 400 series cars resemble the 940, whilst the facelifted bore a resemblance to the Volvo The interiors of the 400 series variants designed by famed Volvo Peter Horbury.

Safety [ ]

Safety has always been an of primary importance to Volvo, [ 1 ] who developed many features adopted widely throughout the car Crumple zones were into the design of 400 series aided by a ‘collapsible’ steering to help prevent driver in the event of an accident. Other items included a high-level a ‘bulb blown’ warning ‘door open’ warning adjustable seat belts pretensioners and a seatbelt reminder/warning all of which all came as standard on all throughout the range.

Safety was improved on models from onward with the introduction of protection. This was virtually of at the time, and was provided (again as by the forerunner of the SIPS system on all modern Volvo cars. [ 2 ] The SRS Restraint System) system, includes airbag. further side impact protection and hooks, straps and pulleys to items in the boot, also available for the first time 1994. UK models also daytime running lights as although these could be by the dealer at the owner’s request.

The advertising campaign for the 400 range on occupant safety. A family of test dummies appeared to intact after driving the car a plate glass office some storeys up. Various scenarios simulating crashes employed in addition, all of which with the family walking relatively unharmed — only to be again in further crash .

Reputation [ edit ]

The 440/460 is to have an image problem by in particular Fifth Gear Quentin Willson. who remarked in Top Gear episode that . is the motoring equivalent of a Temazepam However, this remark did not sales in the United Kingdom .

Variable Transmission (CVT) [ edit ]

It is worthy of note not all 440s or 460s fitted automatic transmission had the CVT (constantly transmission ) version, the majority a conventional 4-speed automatic. The CVT as fitted to some of the second 440/460 series, differs the earlier, rubber belt system as employed in the previous The system as used in the 400 series use of steel belts, and was known as

This differs from the belt-driven system in the 340, was known as ‘Variomatic’. A dispute over Volvo’s use of the Transmatic in the 400 series, with DAF claiming in that Volvo did not have to use the Transmatic system. DAF won the case, to the withdrawal of the CVT transmission from the list some time

This, as well as the curious nature of the CVT transmission, mean relatively few CVT-equipped 400 series exist.

Standard specifications [ ]

The specifications of most models of 440 and 460 relatively high when with similarly priced The list of options included as grew and changed regularly the lifespan of the car, varying country to country and later differing according to trim Furthermore, various ‘special were also introduced equipment differing from found as standard on all other making any more general difficult.

Heated front were found across the range, as was a 5-speed gearbox; seatbelt with pre-tensioners; two-thirds split rear lockable glovebox with and boot and ashtray lights. listed as standard on later include anti-lock brakes traction control ; front fog ; separate reading lights for in the back (located in the rear handles and cleverly shielded the driver’s view); Radio/cassette with 6 high-fidelity Blaupunkt speakers ; tinted UV -blocking ; Map-reading lights; Graduated sun Self-supporting (propless) bonnet; window wash/wipe; lumbar electric windows/mirrors; heated mirrors; central locking; The driver’s console on all models an array of warning lights, a and a lambda sensor monitor.

There were two generations of the ‘Mark 2′ replacing the model from 1994. included a new bonnet and nose, new light clusters, body-coloured a different grille and numerous new of engine, spec. level and The changes made the cars the very successful Volvo 850 more closely. [ 3 ]

Engines [ ]

Both 440 and 460 had a 1.7-litre Renault at launch, carried over the Volvo 300 Series ; this was between 1988 and 1992 in two versions with a carburettor 79#160;PS (58#160;kW; 78#160;hp) and (94#160;lb·ft) or 87#160;PS (64#160;kW; and 130 Nm), multipoint fuel in two different versions (with (70#160;kW; 94#160;hp) and 140#160;N·m or 106#160;PS (78#160;kW; 105#160;hp) and (100#160;lb·ft)) in the early GLT models and multipoint fuel injection and a with intercooler. The standard cc powerplant sported 106#160;bhp 107#160;PS) and a claimed top speed of (115#160;mph), which was marginally to some of its contemporary counterparts of the class, such as the Volkswagen or the Opel Vectra (their engines only had 90#160;bhp).

The version offered 122#160;bhp and a claimed top speed of 200#160;km/h These kind of performances put it on par higher-end 1.8-litre engines, as the BMW 318 or 518 of the time, and equalled the performance of a of other 2.0-litre engines of the

From 1992 the engines were substantially different, the range now offering 1.6i (63#160;kW; 85#160;PS)), 1.8i (66#160;kW; 90#160;PS)), and 2.0i (82#160;kW; 112#160;PS)) naturally petrol engines in addition to the turbo option found in the 1 range. The 1.6 was equipped with fuel injection; the 1.8 engine had injection and the 2.0 came with a of single-point and multi-point injection – the older 1.7 turbocharged however had more power.

1994, the engines became more powerful. Diesel also became available: a Renault turbodiesel option was offered, badged as either TD or Diesel, depending on which market the car was sold in. Volvo released a limited market 1.8 HTA the High Tech Auto, a much improved electric assisted CVT auto transmission but it was lived and not many models

Trim levels [ edit ]

cars were available in GL, GLT and Turbo trims. The GL trim was basic; GLE was plush; and GLT was the ‘luxury’ level. GLT and Turbo were similar, both featuring sports suspension and a large spoiler.

Other trim were gradually phased in, as limited edition Si and Xi, and Turbo became simply an engine rather than a full variant.

From 1992, the was the same for a year-and-a-half. As a result of the facelift, the range altered Trim levels were base, S (which was intended as a variant), Si (intended as a sports SE (business variant), GLT (performance and CD (luxury variant) trims.

An Li also appeared in 1994, base spec with the of power steering (and, on models, a sunroof).

From at 1995 onwards, all engine were available with all levels.

The later Si models and all GLT models easily distinguishable from the of the range, due to the additions of sports (making the car ride visibly and a large rear spoiler. The specification was, however, higher in featuring part upholstery, alloy wheels, traction control and an uprated system as standard equipment.

The SE was slightly more distinguishable, a small rear spoiler it shared only with the edition ES pack model. The ES could be added to cars of any variant from late It featured sports suspension, 15 wheels (see below), paint, door sill electric front windows, heated mirrors, front and armrests, ABS and immobiliser in addition to the spoiler and an uprated stereo

The S model was also notable, twofold-out child booster integrated into the car’s seat, a dustbin incorporated in the and rear headrests. However all the 300 series, the 440 had, at last rear seats fitted.

of all later cars was high, many featuring air conditioning as a result of a special offer by Volvo in the UK in 1995 where deleted the standard electric sunroof from the car’s in favour of air-conditioning and 15 alloy identical to those fitted to 850 CD models, albeit with tyres), remote central electric aerial, electric electric door mirrors and front seats.

The line up was (for example, the Si and GLT models replaced by the GS, which had all of the Si’s and some of the GLT’s, such as prior to production ceasing in when the Volvo S40 and Volvo V40 the car.

Evaluation [ edit ]

section possibly contains research . Please improve it by the claims made and adding citations. Statements consisting of original research may be removed. 2012)

Parker’s guide . an independent car guide, said the following the 440: Family hatchback reasonable space inside but looks. Drives well though steering is heavy on without PAS. Cars late ’93 are safer and equipped than earlier though all are solidly built. [ 4 ]

The 460 the following evaluation: The 460 substitutes a boot for the 440’s tailgate but is identical. Liked by older for perceived Volvo strength and but lacks image and now sells for than the hatchback. Power is a must – parking can be going without it. As with the models from late are best. [ 4 ]

Parker’s also note of problems commonly by owners over many It summarises the issues found in to the 400 series as follows: Some cars suffered from build quality; possible in body seams; gear failure; overheating; coolant smoky engine when indicates piston wear; electrical problems.

It should be out that the data used to this list came from owners of the earlier 1 models of the car, with of these faults becoming more rare (or disappearing with the introduction of the Mark 2. [ needed ] An auxiliary water was added to all non-turbo models late ’93, along ‘run-on’ electric radiator which continued to run after the was switched off in an attempt to fix the overheating/coolant

Build quality was much on Mark 2 models, as was the rust-proofing the received. [ citation needed ] A around for remaining 400 series reveals that rear arches are the only place now troubled by rust.

Electrical did unfortunately persist throughout the of the range, but these usually only the non-essential ‘accessory’ and were limited in nature. gauges, dashboard bulbs not those on the main instrument interior light bulbs and the heated seat are the most cited weak points. [ 5 ]

Ironically, the sheer number of operated items, bulbs and in the car may be at least partly to blame for any problem: with an increased of bulbs and systems comes an requirement to replace those or systems when they This may lead to the perception bulbs are blowing more than actually is the case: effect being easily away by statistics.

Some found that the engine and set up on all engines, with lots of torque, makes the car accelerate quickly from a standing at traffic lights, tempered by an number of gear changes driving around town. The touches’ added to the Mark 2 mounted up into a much pleasant overall experience for Hoods that automatically into the ‘open’ position use of a prop-rod), improved security, engines, 6-speaker audio well positioned to make the of the sound, better soundproofing and adjustable, comfortable seats are a few of the changes made.

As the first drive family Volvo, the car a turning point in the company’s It is worth noting that all completely new Volvo designs after the 440 have been drive. Its styling with a long hood is unusual, but has ‘character’.

Later models the integrated grille were to look classy when with their mid-1990s again benefiting to some from the positive connotations by the 400 series’ connection to the 850. Not all levels of the 460 benefited from rear seats, some got equipped with a ski-hatch its rear elbow rest, its bigger boot compared to the versatile hatchback and offering crash protection.

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