Volkswagen – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

27 Jan 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Volkswagen – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Volkswagen has three in the top 10 list of best-selling cars of all compiled by the website 24/7 St . the Volkswagen Golf. the Volkswagen and the Volkswagen Passat. With three cars, Volkswagen has the cars of any automobile manufacturer in the that are still being [ 1 ] Volkswagen ranks first in the most money of any automaker on and development as of 2011. [ 2 ]

1937–45: Car project becomes Kübelwagen [ ]

Model of Porsche Type 12 Museum of Industrial Culture,

Volkswagen was originally founded in by the Nazi trade union, the Labour Front ( Deutsche ). [ 3 ] In the early 1930s German industry was still largely of luxury models, and the average rarely could afford more than a motorcycle. As a only one German out of 50 owned a Seeking a potential new market, car makers began independent car projects – Mercedes’ 170H, AutoBahn, Steyr 55, Hanomag among others.

The trend was not new, as Béla is credited with having the basic design in the middle Josef Ganz developed the Superior (going as far as advertising it as the Volkswagen). [ 4 ] Also, in Czechoslovakia, the Ledwinka ‘s penned T77. a very popular car the German elite, was becoming and more affordable at each

Ferdinand Porsche. a well designer for high end vehicles and cars, had been trying for to get a manufacturer interested in a small car for a family. He felt the small at the time were just down big cars. Instead he a car he called the Volksauto from the up in 1931, using many of the floating around at the time and of his own, putting together a car an air-cooled rear engine, bar suspension, and a beetle shape, the hood rounded for better (necessary as it had a small engine). [ 5 ]

In 1933, with many of the projects still in development or stages of production, Adolf got involved, demanding the production of a vehicle capable of transporting two and three children at 100#160;km/h He wanted his German citizens to the same access to a car as the Americans. [ 5 ] The Car would be available to citizens of the Reich through a savings at 990 Reichsmark (US$ 396 in 1930s the price of a small motorcycle average income being 32RM a week). [ 6 ] [ 7 ]

Despite heavy lobbying in of one of the existing projects, it soon apparent that private could not turn out a car for only Thus, Hitler chose to an all-new, state-owned factory Ferdinand Porsche’s design some of Hitler’s design including an air-cooled engine so could freeze).

The intention was ordinary Germans would buy the car by of a savings scheme ( Fünf … Woche musst du willst du im eigenen Wagen – Five marks a week you put aside, if you want in your own car to ), which around 336,000 eventually paid into. The of these 336,000 people seized by the Russians in 1945 they captured Berlin.

Prototypes of the car called the KdF-Wagen Kraft durch Freude – through joy), appeared 1936 onwards (the cars had been produced in ). The car already had its distinctive round and air-cooled. flat-four. rear-mounted The VW car was just one of many KdF programs included things such as and outings. The prefix Volks— was not just applied to cars, but to other products in Germany; the radio receiver for instance. On 28 May the Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen mbH (sometimes abbreviated to Gezuvor [ 8 ] ) was by the Deutsche Arbeitsfront . It was later Volkswagenwerk GmbH on 16 September [ 9 ]

VW Type 82E

Erwin Komenda. the Auto Union chief part of Ferdinand Porsche’s team, [ 5 ] developed the car body of the which was recognizably the Beetle today. It was one of the first to be evolved the aid of a wind tunnel. in use in Germany the early 1920s. The cars put through many rigorous and achieved a record-breaking million of testing before being finished.

War meant production to military vehicles, the Type 82 (Bucket car) utility (VW’s most common model), and the amphibious Schwimmwagen were used to equip the forces. As was common with of the production in Nazi Germany the war, slave labor was in the Volkswagen plant. The company admit in 1998 that it 15,000 slaves during the war

German historians estimated 80% of Volkswagen‘s wartime was slave labor. [ citation ] Many of the slaves were to have been supplied the concentration camps upon from plant managers. A was filed in 1998 by survivors for for the forced labor. [ 10 ] Volkswagen set up a voluntary restitution fund. [ 11 ]

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