Volkswagen – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

11 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Volkswagen – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



History [ change | edit source ]

In the 1930’s Adolf Hitler was looking for someone who could make a cheap car that the common German worker could afford. At the same time, Ferdinand Porsche had been working for years on a cheap car that could hold a family and would drive like a real car, not a micro car.

He had already designed and built small cars with rear engines and shaped like a beetle (for better aerodynamics ). At this time, owning a car in Germany was something only for the rich people, and most car companies were not interested in making a low-cost car. Porsche’s company, also called Porsche. only made designs for others at that time. So Porsche could not find anyone to make the small car that he wanted. [1]

1949 Volkswagen Beetle

After the war, people from the United Kingdom and the United States reopened the factory and started making cars again. The factory was in ruins from the war and could only make a few cars at a time. The British military were in charge of this section of Germany.

At first they tried to find another car company to rebuild the factory. Henry Ford was offered the company for free. After looking it over, his adviser said Mr.

Ford, what we are being offered here is not worth a damn! [1] So the Volkswagen company went ahead by itself to make the car. The man who led the Volkswagen company during this time was Heinz Nordhoff .

At first they only made one type of car, the Volkswagen Beetle. (It was simply called the Type 1 Sedan by the company, it also had the nickname Bug in the U.S. and other nicknames elsewhere). In 1950, the Type 2 (the bus) was introduced, also built with an engine in the back of the vehicle. The cars became popular and well-known all over the world.

The Beetle later became one of the best selling cars in history. It was built for many years afterward in factories in Germany, Brazil and Mexico .

The last original Volkswagen Beetle to be built was built in Mexico. It was built in 2004. Volkswagen has a new car called the New Beetle. It looks like the old car, but is built quite differently. It is faster, safer, and has an engine in the front, not the back, and is water-cooled (using a radiator).

It is much more suited to today’s modern world in terms of design.

Recent Vehicles [ change | edit source ]

Some of Volkswagen‘s popular cars are the Golf, Jetta, Polo,Beetle and the Passat. VW’s as they are commonly known, have also entered the off road segment with cars like the Touarag, and the commercial segment with the Touran. This year sees VW’s 21st anniversary since the Golf 1 went on sale in the 1980s.

Since its birth VW has sold over 315,000 units of the Golf 1 alone. 2005 saw the entry of the fifth generation of the Golf. The flagbearer – the GTi – is powered by a 147Kw 2.0l 4 cylinder turbo charged engine,with VW DSG and FSI technology.

The Golf GTi has evolved a long way since the 80’s but the fifth generation GTi is criticised by some as it does not live up to the expectations and standards set by the legendary Mk1 GTi, which was fitted with an 1600, 8 valve motor.

Models [ change | edit source ]

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