Volkswagen Jetta History

25 Aug 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Volkswagen Jetta History

Volkswagen Jetta



The Volkswagen Jetta is the version of the compact car / small car Volkswagen Golf, manufactured by since 1980. Until the name was only used in America and South Africa, as it was in Europe in 1991, when it was by the Vento, which was in turn by the Bora in 1998.

The Jetta was due in part of the Volkswagen marketing observation that the North market leaned more sedans as opposed to the Golf’s configuration. Similarly, in South the Jetta remains more than the Golf. This to be a wise move on Volkswagen’s as the Jetta became the best-selling car in the United States.

The mechanicals are with the other Volkswagen A cars.

A1 (1980-1984)

The first Jetta appeared in the North market in 1980, available as a coupe and four-door sedan. was penned at ItalDesign, by Giorgetto Incidentally, Californian freelance artist Mark Stehrenberger up a station wagon idea, it did not make production.

A version of model, known as the Volkswagen continued in production in South until the late 1990s. In markets, such as in Mexico, the A1 was known as the Volkswagen Atlantic.

the base and GL trims in 1980 was a 1.6 L four-cylinder engine producing 78 hp (57 kW) and 83 (113 N·m) of torque. In the engine was upgraded to a 1.7 L engine 74 hp (54 kW) and 90 ft·lbf (121 N·m) of Additional engine choices a 1.6 L diesel engine making 50 hp (37 kW) in 1984 (the final of the A1), a GLI high-performance version was powered by a 1.8 L engine and a close-ratio from the Rabbit/Golf GTI, made 90 hp (67 kW) and 105 ft·lbf (142 torque.

A2 (1984-1992)

The A2 series is the longest Jetta so far. Introduced in in 1984 and in North America in the second generation Jetta to be a sales success for Volkswagen, Golf sales two-to-one and the title of best-selling European car in America.

Like the A1, the A2 was offered as a coupe or four-door sedan; were limited to base, and Wolfsburg trim levels. The model was dropped from the American VW lineup after External changes throughout the A2 run were few: the front-quarter were eliminated in 1988, body-colored bumpers and lower skirts were added 1990 to 1992, and there various grille and side-cladding

Base and GL Jettas were by a 1.8 L gasoline I4 rated at 85 hp from to 1986 (CIS and CIS-E then 100 hp (RV code Digifant management with a single exhaust manifold) (75 kW) and later 105 hp (PF Digifant with a freer-flowing outlet exhaust manifold) (79

Three diesel engines offered in the A2 Jetta: a 1.6 L naturally-aspirated with 52 hp (39 kW), a 1.6 L 68 hp (51 kW) turbodiesel, and a 1.6 L that was sold for two model 1991 and 1992. The ECOdiesel 59 hp (43 kW) and 81 ft·lbf (109 N·m) of

The sportier GLI model was first by the standard 1.8 L gasoline engine 100 hp (75 kW). In 1987 VW introduced its DOHC engine, a 1.8 L 16-valve that made 123 hp (92 kW). The GLI a serious performance contender in with the addition of a 2.0 L DOHC engine rated at 134 hp (99 kW).

The 2.0 L engine was equipped with the CIS engine management system.

The A2 Jetta Carat model luxury trim but it did without of the performance upgrades of the GLI.

In the UK, the A2 fell into the small saloon car class along the Vauxhall Belmont, Rover Daihatsu Charmant, Audi and the Ford Orion.


The A2 Jetta went on to become one of the Volkswagen models produced in by Volkswagen’s second joint partner First Auto

It has had two facelifts since its inception in the first facelift borrowed grilles left around the Volkswagen Passat B4. The second happened in 2004 and was very to the first facelift.

A3 (1991-1998)

in Europe as the Vento, the A3 was a refined of the previous generation Jetta. The debuted in 1991 while the debuted in 1993. Hailed as the Man’s BMW, it was designed under Herbert Schafer. The generation Jetta was criticized for its design.

Though only as a four-door sedan, the A3 spawned trim levels than any Jetta line. Exterior to the A3 through its production run were such as a new grille, body-colored rub and different wheel covers.

The GL was the trim while the GLS was the luxury with power locks and optional sunroof and leather etc. The Trek was a special that included a bike a Trek bike, spoiler, panel covers, alloy and in 1997, other accessories and available for the top-of the line save for the VR6 engine. The K2 was a similar but in place of the bike was a K2 snowboard or a of K2 skis.

The City was a minimalist without a radio or air conditioning, the 1994 Limited Edition and Celebration packages were GLs costing some $600 than standard. The Jazz was a GL with a 6-disc CD player All were powered by a 2.0 L I4 making 115 hp (86

The diesel engine once made its comeback with revolutionary 1.9 L TDI (Turbo Direct 90 hp (67 kW) diesel engine and was offered as a trim level. By far, one of the exciting trim levels was the replacing the GLI designation. Motivated by the VR6 SOHC six-cylinder, the 172 hp (128 kW) was able to catapult the Jetta to 60 mph in 6.9 the fastest Jetta to date.

For who preferred the GLX’s looks, the GT and Edition offered GLX accessories the venerable VR6.

A4 (1998-2005)

as the Bora in Europe and Latin the fourth generation Jetta in late 1998 after its sibling, the Passat, with it shared many styling The rounded shape and arched serve as the new Volkswagen styling abandoning traditional sharp for curved corners. The A4 came in different trim levels GLS, GLX, and GLI), and was offered as a wagon.

In some markets, the station wagon was marketed as a Golf (Estate in the UK and Break in France, Variant in areas) and had a Golf grille, bumper, and fenders.

The GL was the base powered by a slightly revised 2.0 L four cylinder engine on the previous models, an optional 1.9 L TDI engine, and from 2001 on, by the 1.8 L engine (Wolfsburg Edition). By Volkswagen had eliminated many of the production issues with the design, and later model A4 Jettas are generally more on the secondhand market. 2003 was the last year in North for the 1.9L ‘ALH’ TDI turbodiesel design, and its reputation for reliability and (many owners use biodiesel vegetable oil fuels) have in high resale prices for with this engine.

The GLS was a step up, with options for seats and a sport package included 17 alloy wheels and a suspension. This line all engine choices until when the VR6 choice was dropped. The GLX was the model, with leather wood grain trim, climate control (Climatronic), windshield wipers, and other

In 2003, the VR6 engine moved to a 24-valve design rated at 200 hp kW). It was available in the GLX and the new-for-2003 GLI The GLI offered sport suspension, manual transmission, and the 200 hp (150 kW)

In 2004, the GLX model was dropped.

In Volkswagen offered the Jetta It offered a 180 hp 1.8 L inline-4, linked to a manual transmission. The car received a and lower suspension (Eibach 20% stiffer than stock, 21 mm sway bar, 23 mm rear bar, gas Monroe shocks, and rear bushings resulting in a 30 mm in the ride height), body kit of a front valance, sideskirts, and a valance), larger brakes vented discs in front, 10 in rear), mildly smoked and smoked taillights (R/SCC/R/SCC), and 18 mm) BBS RC wheels equipped with low 40 series high-performance summer (Goodyear Eagle F1).

VW installed a chrome exhaust a single tip 2.25 in diameter. were no options available. The GLI equipped with ESP (Electronic Program) to improve vehicle and safety in low-traction road

The GLI was available in Black Magic Platinum Gray, Tornado and Blue Lagoon. The interior was with aluminum trim, black upholstered Recaro seats with red GLI lettering on the backrest (instead of the headrest), a headliner with associated trim, European gauge leather wrapped three steering wheel, sunroof, pedals (similar to Audi TT / Turbo S pedals), and a Monsoon stereo system with CD player and tape deck.

The car could accelerate from 0 to 100 in 6.7 seconds with a top speed of 235 Later models of this trimmed GLI were available a five-speed automatic transmission Tiptronic.

Also in 2004, a new version of the 1.9L TDI diesel was offered, a 1.9 L TDI unit producing 74 kW hp DIN) and 177 ft·lbf (250 of torque. This new engine pump-equipped unit injectors and electronics and emissions equipment to new diesel emissions standards in America, and is considerably more than the older ALH engine offered.

Commencing with the 1/2 model year, all Jettas with 1.8T engines, of trim level, produced 180 hp engine code). This was a 30 hp over the previous 150 hp 1.8T and was with a slightly larger (K03S instead of K03) and a change to the engine mapping. The block was not changed.

A high version of the A4 Bora was sold in countries, and had 4-Motion all wheel and a VR6 engine. 2.3 L VR5 and 1.6 L I4 engines were available in Europe.

In some such as Mexico, the A4 Jetta is sold as a 2006 model due to pricing of the A5 for the Mexican market.


The fifth generation Jetta at the 2005 Los Angeles Auto in January.

Built in Puebla, and exported to the rest of North and Europe where the A5 is again the Jetta, it is larger than the generation with more styling and greater interior One major change is the introduction of the independent rear suspension in a In North America, the base is a 2.5 L (2480 cc) I5 producing 110 kW (150 hp and 168 ft·lbf (228 N·m) of

This new 20-valve DOHC is based on the Lamborghini Gallardo’s sharing a similar head and the same bore and … (82.5 x 92.8 mm). the venerable 1.8 T is a turbocharged 2.0 L 16-valve I4 at 147 kW (200 hp DIN) and featuring There is also the PD diesel a 1.9 L TDI unit producing 74 kW (100 hp and 177 ft·lbf (250 N·m) of

A DSG transmission, stability control, and steering are also new innovations.

In America, the A5 Jetta went on in March 2005, as a 2005 1/2 overlapping the final model of the A4 Jetta. A GLI version was released as a model in North America in the summer of 2005. The new Jetta was by Walter de’Silva.

2005 of the New Jetta were disappointing in the US, the exception of the TDI diesel version, rapidly rising fuel have resulted in heavy for vehicles equipped with engine. While critics the overall vehicle, some the styling was too Japanese (with to the Toyota Corolla), and that it is too for the highly competitive compact car

Volkswagen announced the Jetta in in late May 2005. The model returns to using the Jetta on the continent, rather than or Vento. In other parts of the this model does both names, usually in where a previous generation is sold. For example, in Mexico, the A4 is sold as the Jetta, while the A5 is the

In China, the A2 is still sold as the while the A5 is sold as the Sagitar with the A4 Bora.

It was launched in America in 2006, where it is Vento, as the A4 Bora will be for some time.

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