Van – Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki – The classic vehicle and machinery wiki

23 Aug 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Van – Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki – The classic vehicle and machinery wiki


A van is the common name for a number of of vehicle used for transporting and in some areas, groups of It is usually a box-shaped vehicle on wheels, about the same and length as a large car. but and usually higher off the ground, referred to as a light commercial or LCV.

However, in North the term may be used to refer to any with a rigid cargo fixed to the cab, even up to sizes, being a shortend of the term boxcar. originally for enclosed railway wagons for carrying.

In the UK usage, it can be either designed or based on a saloon/sedan the latter type often derivatives with open (such as pick-up trucks ). are vans of all shapes and sizes, from the classic van version of the Mini to the five metre (LWB) variants of the Mercedes van. Vehicles larger this are known as lorries and classified as Commercial vehicles .

Word usage and etymology

The word van is a shortened version of the caravan , which originally a covered vehicle. #91; needed #93; (In the UK Caravan is a used to describa a mobile home towed behind a car or

United Kingdom Edit

English speakers will refer to a passenger minivan as a or MPV . or multi-purpose vehicle, and a larger van as a minibus. Ford makes a line of vans with bonnets (hoods) and varying sizes. Minivans are the same but smaller.

The driver’s mate of a delivery van was referred to as a vanguard.

United Edit

Full-size van in the United

Minivan in the United States

In the States, a van can also refer to a trailer or semi-trailer used to goods. In this case is a differentiation between a dry van, to carry most goods, and a van, or reefer . used for goods. A railway car used to baggage is also called a van .

A referred to as a full size van is a large, boxy vehicle has a platform and powertrain similar to light truck counterparts. vans may be sold with the behind the front seats for transporting of goods ( cargo van ), or for passenger use by either the manufacturer ( ) or another company for more comforts, such as entertainment ( Conversion van ). Full size often have a very hood, with the engine moved to within the passenger (in effect a cabover design).

A van chassis is a variation of the full van which was developed for use by many stage manufacturers. Such a generally has a van front end, and controls in a cab body which only to a point aft of the driver and seats, where the rest of the van is cutoff (leading to the terminology From that point usually only the chassis rails and running gear to the rear when the unit is as an incomplete vehicle.

A second stage manufacturer, known as a bodybuilder. will the vehicle for uses such as vehicles. small school minibuses, type III ambulances. and trucks. A large portion of van chassis are equipped with rear wheels. Some stage manufacturers also add a weight-bearing single wheel tag for larger minibus models, to the local axle loading

The term van may also refer to a . However, minivans are usually by their smaller size and front wheel drive although many now are being with four wheel Minivans offer similar capacity (traditionally seven to passengers), and better fuel than full-size vans, at the of power, cargo space, and capacity. In addition, many new have dual side doors.

Japan Edit

Japanese vans include the Bongo and the Subaru 360 van. The also produced many based on the American flat model, but also mini-vans for the American market have evolved to the long-wheelbase front drive form factor pioneered by the Nissan Prairie and Chariot. Microvans. vans fulfill kei car regulations, are very for small business.


In Australian English. the term van is used to describe a minivan. a minibus. or an Australian panel van as by companies such as Holden and at various times.


In India, van is one of the most common of transport and is often used for school children to and from as parents, especially working are too busy to themselves pick children from school and official school buses are

Other variations in terminology

A full size van used for purposes is also known as a van ; a passenger vehicle with than 7 or 8 seats is more to be called a minibus .

Finally, the van can sometimes be used interchangeably caravan . which in the U.S. is to as a travel trailer .

The British people mover is also in Australian English to describe a van. The American usage of van to a cargo box trailer or semi-trailer is rarely, if ever, in Australia.


The first generation of vans were the 1960s vans. which were in size after the Volkswagen The Corvair -based entry aped the rear-mounted, air-cooled design. The Ford Falcon had a nose, with the engine between and behind the front The Dodge A100 had a similar and could accommodate a V-8.

also switched to this The Ford, Dodge and Corvair were also produced as trucks.

The standard or full vans appeared with innovation of moving the engine under a short hood and pickup truck components and The engine cockpit housing is called a dog house . Over they evolved longer and sleeker shapes. The Dodge added a plug to the rear of a wheelbase to create the 15 passenger

They have been as both cargo and passenger to the general public and as cutaway van versions for second stage to make box vans, ambulances, and other vehicles. Second manufacturers also modify the manufacturer’s body to create vans for the general public.

In the songs like Chevy Van , and performed by Sammy Johns. and like sin bin or screw canoe part of the culture as owners them into rolling and lounges. Conversion vans a large market with accommodations than factory

Dodge ended production of full-size vans in June (as 2003 models), and replaced it the German originated Dodge which is based on a narrower, fuel-efficient European design with a 150#160;hp (110#160;kW) turbo I5. Typical versions of the are taller than other vans (tall enough to in), with a more (aerodynamic) profile in front. have been adopted for delivery and lightweight Class-C van cab home applications.


In urban areas of the United full-size vans have used as commuter vans 1971, when Dodge a van that could transport up to 15 Commuter vans are used as an to carpooling and other ride arrangements.

A van equipped with carpet cleaning tools in North Carolina

Many (service) businesses use a van to carry their entire business to various places where work. For instance, there are who come to homes or places of to perform services or to install or appliances. – domestic cleaning contractors, pet care / services, vehicle valeting, Audio installers, Blacksmiths are just a few.

Vans are also used to people and their luggage hotels and airports. to transport between parking lots and places of work, and along routes as minibuses.

Vans are used to transport elderly and worshipers to and from church or to transport youth groups for to amusement parks, picnics, and other churches.

Vans are used by schools to drive teams to local games.

Van Edit

Another type of peculiar to North America, is the van , so called because of the ease which one can step in and out of it. Widely by delivery services, courier and the parcel division of the US Postal and Canada Post, they are seen driven with the open, especially in big cities. vans have more boxy shapes and higher than other vans, and are rarely employed for carrying

Rollover safety Edit

the larger passenger versions appeared in news stories for a tendency to roll over, in the case of inexperienced operators. The van is taller than the cab and bed of the pickup uses the same style and powertrain resulting in the basic van a higher center of gravity a similarly loaded pickup which it is derived.

The suspension is also higher of the extreme weight capacity of 15 of between 150#160;lb (68#160;kg) and (91#160;kg) each which may be one ton of passengers alone. The seats in the version raise the load, above the floor, further the center of gravity (and shifting it rearward). The bench allow passengers to slide if belts are not used.

In the United it is common for only the front passengers to use their safety perhaps because belted feel they can still and shift a large amount. the NHTSA, cited below, has that belted passengers are four times more to survive in rollover crashes.

can be greatly improved by understanding the characteristics of 12- 15-passenger vans and by a special set of guidelines developed for according to the U.S. National Traffic Safety Administration A summary of this information is at Reducing The Risk of Rollover in 15-Passenger Vans.

Among things, this document that carrying 10 or fewer (preferably towards the front of the greatly reduces the risk of crashes, and it suggests that operation by the same drivers to increase their ability to these vehicles more over time. Car rental have also started stickers to warn renters the difference in handling while to standard cars. Items not be added to a roof rack of an top-heavy vehicle.

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