Used LINCOLN TOWN CAR Parts – Buy/Sell Used Auto Parts

15 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Used LINCOLN TOWN CAR Parts – Buy/Sell Used Auto Parts


The Lincoln Town Car is a rear-wheel drive luxury sold by Ford’s upscale brand. The Town Car features a V8 and large exterior and interior

The Town Car is, despite recently sales numbers, one of the best American luxury cars. It serves as America’s most limousine and chauffered car. relatively affordable when t- European flagship luxury the Town Car is currently the most American luxury sedan t- base MSRP) with ranging from $43,075 for a Signature Series t- $56,745 for a Signature L Series.

The Town Car has available featuring ballistic since 2003 with starting at $144,995.

In 2006, considered ending production on largest model after the closing of the Wixom Assembly in Wixom, Michigan in 2007. ultimately decided t- keep the and move assembly t- the St. Thomas Plant in Ontario, Canada the Ford Crown Victoria and Grand Marquis, which use the Ford Panther platform, are built.

The Town Car’s resumed at its new location in late The first Canadian-built Town Car off the assembly line on January 10, The Town Car is currently the largest car, measuring nearly 18 (5.49 m) in length for a standard Car and 18 1/2 ft (5.64 m) for an L Edition.

With the Lincoln MKS sedan, Ford has that the MKS will be Lincoln’s new sedan.

Consumer Guide the vehicle’s strengths as comfort, and ride quality, with cited as acceleration and handling. The Car is one of the safest cars available on the American market. Contents

* 1 * 2 History – 2.1 Pre-1981 2.2 First generation + 2.2.1 – 1984 + 2.2.2 – 1989 – 2.3 generation + 2.3.1 1990 1994 + 2.3.2 1995 1997 + 2.3.3 Special – 2.4 Third generation + Gallery + 2.4.2 2003 present * 3 Fuel tank concerns * 4 Intake Manifold * 5 Popular culture * 6 Trim * 7 Awards and notable features * 8 specifications * 9 References * 10 See also * 11 links


It is probably not a that Town Car is English for de Ville, Cadillac’s model was gaining popularity in the 1950s. names refer t- a classic of limousine, popular in the 1920s, had an open chauffeur’s compartment up but only Lincoln has sometimes t- make its modern models suggest their older Many examples from the and 1980s have a vinyl style which sweeps the center pillar as part of a molding, complete with lamps, which suggests a between front and rear while n- vinyl is applied t- the section of the roof over the

History 1978 Lincoln Town Car. This was the full-size body before in 1980. 1978 Lincoln Town Car. This was the full-size body before in 1980.

The Town Car name appeared in the Lincoln line in on a custom built Lincoln for Ford. The Town Car name appeared on several trim on the Lincoln Continental from t- 1980 before becoming a in its own right for 1981. With the of the smaller flagship Continental in 1982, the Town Car became largest sedan.

Since there have been generations of the Town Car with minor redesigns, one in 1995 and one in 2003.


It later in 1959, on a special limousine-like of the standard Continental. This Town Car was available only in and was identifiable by a unique padded top, which was a rarity at time.

After its first in 1959, the Town Car name dormant for 10 years, and re-emerged as an plush interior option for the 1969 Lincoln Continental.

It appeared as a trim option in and thereafter continued through as the top-line trim option for the Lincoln Continental. Again, the Car trim featured an extra interior along with, but not always, a landau vinyl over the rear passenger The Town Car badge has always applied t- sedans, but from t- 1980, there was a similar for coupes called the Town

First generation First 1988 Lincoln Town Car 1981?1989 Assembly Wixom, Body style(s) 4-door 2-door coupe Engine(s) 5.0 L V8 Transmission(s) 4-speed AOD automatic 117.3 in (2979 mm) Length in (5568 mm) Width 78.1 in mm) Height 55.9 in (1420 mm) weight 4044 lb (1834 kg) capacity 18 US gal (68.1 L) Related Grand Marquis Mercury Park Ford LTD Crown Ford Country Squire

1981 – 1984

1981, the Town Car has been a model in its own right, although body style first as the 1980 Continental. The Continental would re-appear, on a new smaller in 1982 as Lincoln’s premium

The first generation Town Car a body profile and grille t- that of the late 1970s Continental, although the previously headlights were now exposed and of tw- adjoining square units.

new Town Car als- featured advanced luxury options for its An optional full-function trip with digital displays the driver miles t- empty and on driver input) an estimated of arrival, among other

Another new feature, the keypad system, allowed access t- the via a factory-programmed (or self-programmed alternate) digit combination. From the you could lock all doors, or, entering your code, the vehicle’s doors or open the lid. With this being linked only t- the rather than a satellite, the for drivers t- share their with an operator in a potentially environment is not required.

This feature is still in use on many Mercury and Ford vehicles.

A vinyl full-roof covering center pillar coach was standard on base Town while the padded vinyl roof (covering only the half of the roof) with a (smaller) rear window was included on Signature Series and models (and optional on Town Car). A cloth roof – re-creating the look of a convertible – was on all models.

Inside, Signature and Cartier models featured power seats (and seatback recliners) for the driver and passenger. The traditional bench was gone, and all models now featured a split front seat.

The of the Panther platform Town Car in was als- the end for 400 in©ш and 460 in©ш V8 in Lincoln’s line-up; they replaced with the very 302 in©ш (5.0 L) V8 (carburated 1980-1981; and with a throttle fuel injection system an at the start, replaced by Port Injection in 1986 through the model year). The transmission changed t- a 4-speed automatic overdrive.

All Town Cars 1980-1989 featured an optional towing package which dual exhausts, a shortened slip differential and an improved package for the engine as well as

For the 1980 t- 1983 model a Mark VI version of the Town Car was with hidden headlights retractable (vacumn-operated) doors and the simulated spare tire on the trunk lid. The Mark VI shared the 117 wheelbase with Car and it’s two-door companion 1980 and 1981 only), the Coupe. The two-door Mark VI was on a smaller 114 wheelbase, shared Mercury Grand Marquis and Crown Victoria.

1985 1989 1985-1989 Lincoln Car, showing the changes in the rear end for 1985. 1985-1989 Lincoln Car, showing the changes in the end styling for 1985.

For 1985, the Car received minor design Like previous years, the included a reflector running in both taillights above the mounted license plate a design feature kept for the generation 1990 – Town Car. But now, a wide reverse lamp was in the center of the reflector panel lamps moved up from the bumper location).

All four of the vehicle were slightly and the new, narrower bumpers flush mounted with the of Town Car. Inside, the dashboard used satin trim on the lower dashboard and a slightly revised steering with a padded center including a horn button the previous year had a hard center piece, with the button located at the end of the turn stalk. The large wood-tone used on each door through 1984 was replaced by an matching the seat upholstery.

In Cadillac DeVille and Fleetwood both downsized and converted t- drive, and only the Fleetwood remained rear-wheel drive. however, continued t- field the Car as a traditional-sized luxury car.

In t- the downsized Cadillacs, Lincoln running a series of ads in late titled The Valet which parking attendants having distinguishing Cadillacs from Buicks, Oldsmobiles, Pontiacs and Chevrolets, with the question Is a Cadillac? answered by the response No, an Oldsmobile (or Buick, Chevy, At the end the owner of a Lincoln would with the line The Lincoln Car please.

The commercial saw the emergence of the new advertising Lincoln. What a Luxury Car Be. which was used int- the The mildy-revamped ’85 Town Car well, pushed along further by the newly re-styled GM that not only all looked each other, but als- to- t- lesser GM models as well.

prices dropped t- a contemporary new and with operating economy of a concern than a decade the traditional layout and size of the Car was attractive t- many buyers in the

Visually, 1986 was a virtual of the popular 1985 model, but the addition of the federally-mandated third light, mounted on the parcel in the rear window. The dashboard more wood-tone accents (in blonde walnut burl), the 1985 model held black lower dashboard Tall, four-way articulating seat head restraints in many Ford vehicles for including Town Car.

The mechanical change for 1986 was the t- multi-port fuel injection for the 302 cubic inch engine. replaced the throttle-body fuel system that had been previously. The MPFI engines are identifiable visually, by their aluminum upper intake with horizontal throttle (vertical throttle plate), the more traditional-looking carburetor-style body with top-mounted air of previous Town Cars.

was more of the same for Town and changes were minimal. The Cartier model – was previously only available in arctic white and platinum changed t- dual shades of (a metallic beige), along a new interior color in a revamped with a sandy beige (Titanium) replacing the former and gray upholstery. Als- new was the JBL single-slot CD Player.

A very facelift occurred for the 1988 year, which saw an early in the spring of 1987. Town Car now a wide brushed metal on the rear of the vehicle just the trunk lid opening. The reverse previously located in the center, now t- the outer edges of the reflector

On the front end of the vehicle, Lincoln t- the waterfall grille versus a design from 1985-1987. the standard dashboard held a new featuring round gauges set the square bezels. The burled wood-tone trim was replaced by walnut applique, and the horn pad slightly with more plastic trim.

For 1989, Car’s grille featured black paint on the sides of the grille blades (similar t- VII), parking lamps changed from clear t- and the background of the Lincoln medallions in the headlamps were changed clear t- black. In back, the metal panel above the reflector held a series of horizontal pinstripes, and the Lincoln (in a new font) and Town Car script moved up from the panel they had been since t- the trunk lid itself.

Second Second generation 1990-1992 Town Car Production 1990?1997 Wixom, Michigan Body 4-door sedan Engine(s) 4.6 L V8 (1991-1997) 5.0 L Windsor V8 (1990) 4-speed AODAutomatic 90 – 92 AOD-E automatic 92 – 95 4R70W automatic 95 – 97 117.4 in (2982 mm) Length 218.9 in (5560 mm) 1995-97: in (5563 mm) Width 1990-91: in (1984 mm) 1992-94: 76.9 in mm) 1995-97: 76.7 in (1948 mm) 1990-94: 56.7 in (1440 mm) 56.9 in (1445 mm) Curb 4040 lb (1818 kg) Fuel 18 US gal (68.1 L) (1990-1991) 20 US gal (75.7 L) Related Mercury Grand Ford Crown Victoria

– 1994

In 1990, the Car’s body went a major redesign and a rear air was added as standard equipment. year, it was als- named as Trend’s Car of the Year. Town Car was available in three trim Base(re-named Executive in 1991), and Cartier – in increasing of price and appointment of features.

was now available in several interior and colors (up until now, it had been available in a single scheme every year).] The Town Car als- marked the end of the angular design. The front extensions that contained the and signal lights were but the traditional Rolls-Royce-inspired grille – but now with a modern and front fascia.

Parking were now located adjoining t- the and the headlights wrapped around the of the front, similar t- the look of the Lincoln Continental. All-new metal gave Town Car a contemporary look, while cues, like those of the lid and taillights, remained somewhat similar t- the 1980s model. The interior featured a new dashboard, and door panels.

Introduced in 1990 were new options that had never available before on Town A 2-position driver’s memory was an optional on Signature (standard on Electric seatback recliners power inflatable lumbar was available as well. The Electrochromatic Mirror was als- a carryover from the 1989 Town but now wider than before.

A digital instrument cluster on Signature and Cartier) featured a advanced message center, but the estimated time of arrival (it would return in ’95). advanced safety features now featured on Town Car. For driver and passenger side air became standard.

However, with sourcing the passenger air bad caused many cars t- be without the passenger side A credit, shown on the window was issued for the missing component. request from an owner, the would be taken back and the side airbag module be installed.

ABS braking was optional. saw the introduction of Ford’s new Modular V8, an design replacing the Ford 302 as well as new, lightweight and rear bumpers. For 1992, ABS as well as driver and passenger became standard. 1993-1994 Town Car 1993-1994 Lincoln Car

1993 saw a minor facelift on the grille, and a new checkerboard pattern t- the lamps. An electronic automatic control (EATC) unit digital display replaced the unit from the previous The electronic instrument cluster was now on all three models, while the headlamp dimmer (part of the convenience group) was discontinued, but the system was now standard.

An orange-toned applique graced the dashboard and panels.

Overall the second Town Car was an overwhelming sales and quickly became one of America’s selling full-size luxury During the late 1980s and 1990s, Town Car sales exceeded 100,000 units 120,121 Town Cars sold in 1994 alone.

the demise of the Cadillac Fleetwood after 1996, the Town Car the last American-made rear-wheel luxury car.

1995 1997 1995-1997 Lincoln Car 1995-1997 Lincoln Town Car

The Car underwent a minor exterior for the 1995 model year. t- the exterior included smaller, headlights as well as additional lights in the rear. Larger mirrors were body-colored chrome), and were moved forward on the door itself.

bumpers front and rear, new side moldings, and the deletion of the fixed window in the rear completed the exterior changes.

The was completely revamped. The Town Car a new dashboard, new seats and new interior panels. The angular interior from the 1990 t- 1994 interior were replaced by modern-looking curved design

Many of the new interior components, as the dashboard, featured a so-called design. 1995 als- saw the of a new steering wheel, which was in all Panther-based sedans until

Als- introduced in 1995 was a new dash layout that a more italicized look t- the while the exterior temperature moved from the dash t- the climate control panel. power recliners with support – as well as a driver’s seat memory – became standard optional) on Signature Series.

seats were a new option, and panel switches now featured illumination from a lamp below the interior door Power door lock were back-lit, and were high up on the driver and passenger panels. Fuel door and trunk release buttons from inside the glove t- the lower driver’s side panel.

Similar t- the previous all models had dual clamshell armrests up front.


1992 t- 1997 saw a special Series sedan come t- the Jack Nicklaus Signature which featured a green with a white vinyl top white leather interior in green. Most of these have ornaments and wording on the trimmed in gold. Options on the 1992 t- 1997 Jack Signature Series included: Seats with Power Leather Seats, and Monotone

1995 als- featured special Signature Series called the Spinnaker Edition featured tri-coat paint, the log- on the floor mats, and spoked aluminum wheels.

T- Lincoln’s 75th anniversary in the Town Car took on a Diamond edition. This edition was t- Signature Series sedans Options included a paint down the side, leather wood instrument panel window badging, cellular power moonroof, JBL audi- aut- electrochromatic dimming w/compass, and traction assist.

Als- introduced in 1996 the Ride Control and Touring packages. Ride Control was available on Signature and Cartier Touring Edition was available for all Car models. Ride control an auxiliary power steering cooler, 16-inch aluminum 225/60/16 tires, 3.27 ratio, 28.5 mm stabilizer and revised air springs and shocks.

Edition featured (depending on a power moonroof, JBL audi- electrochromic automatic dimming auxiliary power steering cooler, 16-inch aluminum 225/60/16 tires, 3.27 ratio, 28.5 mm stabilizer and revised air springs and shocks. the Ride Control and Touring packages would last between 1996 and 1997; the Touring Edition package make a brief comeback the 2000 model year.

generation Third generation Lincoln Town Car Cartier 1998?present Assembly Wixom, (1998-2007) St. Thomas, Ontario, (2008?present) Body style(s) sedan Engine(s) 4.6 L Modular V8 4-speed 4R70W automatic 4R75W automatic Wheelbase 117.7 in (2990 mm) LWB: in (3142 mm) Length 1998-2002 215.3 in (5469 mm) 2003-present 215.4 in (5471 mm) 1999-2002 221.3 in (5621 mm) 2003-present 221.4 in (5624 mm) Width 78.2 in (1986 mm) Height 58.0 in (1473 mm) 2003-present 58.6 in (1488 mm) 2003-present 58.7 in (1491 mm) Curb 4467 lb (2100 kg) Fuel 19 US gal (71.9 L) Related Mercury Marquis Mercury Marauder Crown Victoria

The 1990 style remained primarily until the next new body premiered in 1998, a redesign included the removal of the car’s ornament and more angular The Cartier model als- a 220 hp (164 kW) version of the Modular V8. The door panels with new controls and additional wood The redesigned door panels new seat controls and additional trim

The more boxy Car design of the 1990s was replaced by a design scheme with a sloping trunklid, pursed lip and cat-eye headlights.

While the Car lost three inches in length, the new Town Car was tw- inches one inch taller, and weighed 600 more. The post-1997 Town Car a slightly longer wheelbase as

The interior was als- completely Door and instrument panels as as the radi- face, switches and were redone. Additional trim was added t- the newly dashboard and the door panels. The seat recliner and lumbar were moved t- the door

Lincoln emblems remained on the panels as well as seatbacks.

A option available t- individual of Town Cars since has been a version of the Town Car an extra six inches of rear legroom, designated as the L or long This model provides amenities for rear-seat passengers, a unique rear-seat switch allows the front-passenger seat t- be forward as desired for extra in the rear.

A Touring Edition became available in late The Touring Edition featured a powerful 235 hp (175 kW) version of the Car’s Modular V8 engine, exhaust pipes and unique 16 alloy wheels with tires.

According t- Consumer the car scores above average in the luxury segment for comfort, and materials but scores below for acceleration, steering and overall performance. Otherwise, the Town Car has received negative reviews the car being considered out of date. The Car is, however, still considered one of the chauffeured vehicles as it receives marks for being among the comfortable, quiet riding and luxury cars available.

Driver and passenger seat


2003 – 2003-present Lincoln Town Car Lincoln Town Car

In 2003, introduced the 4th generation Town Changes included stretching the significantly, squaring off previously or ‘jelly bean’ angles, back the hood ornament, and the cat-eye slant headlamps of the models. The Lincoln insignia was from nearly every of the interior and from the rear lights.

The wheels on the new generation Car changed from an inverted shape t- a flush spoke Head rests changed an oblong roll, t- a more upright design.

More satin metals and an analog were added t- the interior. The face including climate received a facelift. A full-featured DVD Satellite navigation with THX processors became available on the model for 2003. In 2004, it was on the Ultimate series.

For 2005 2007, it was available on the Signature series and on the Designer Series for and 2007. The steering wheel a facelift in 2005. In 2006, the cluster received a revised speedometer, and now included a tachometer.

On the exterior, parking sensors hidden.

2003 als- the last year that the Car was available in a trim package the name Cartier (1981 t- Beginning with the 2004 year, the top-of-the-line Town Car was designated as the Ultimate. The Touring (on the Signature model only) was

The 4.6 L V8 with 239 hp (178 kW) and sportier thanks t- rack and pinion sensitive steering was als- for the 2003 model year. new – a power trunk that opens and closes at the of the driver’s door mounted (or through the keyless remote). The rear ultrasonic park (with tw- rear bumper sensors) became standard on all the Executive Series.

For 2008, previous options have included in the base price. The Car is available in tw- models – the Signature, and the extended-wheelbase Town Car L, priced at $50,900. These prices d- not include the mandatory destination fee.

As Town Car begins t- ramp down, optional features have standard in an effort t- use up existing ease assembly line and position Town Car as a better against the competition. Leather has been standard since and the 6-disc changer is now included in the price. The only four options are $495 for HID (High-Intensity headlamps, $895 for the chrome-finish wheels (in place of the standard 10-spoke wheels), a $125 tire option, and $195 for the organizer – a temporary for Town Car’s deep trunk well (which the Town Car t- have a temporary – albeit considerably – loading floor).

For Town Car is still available in Signature trim, with a of tw- wheelbases. The standard model is now at $45,815, while the longer L is $51,485 (these prices d- not a $945 delivery fee). The options from 2008 for 2009, in both price and

Fuel tank safety

see Fuel Tank Safety

Intake Manifold Defect

years 1996 t- 2001 using an all-composite intake are subject t- coolant leaks. in 2005 Ford settled a action lawsuit. See Intake Defect for details.


Lincoln Town Cars frequent appearances in mob/crime such as; Fled, Heat, The Ocean’s 11, Rush Hour, others. In the HB- series The Sopranos, Leotard- can frequently be seen a dark red Town Car with a kit. Another appreance is in the HB- Recount as the primary car driven by all of the in the 2000 election. They are frequently seen as limousines/executive in many different films, videos, and TV shows.

As the most vehicle in the US the Town Car is commonly as a limousine for high profile on news broadcasts, television such as The Apprentice, or movies as Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth. The version of the Town Car can be seen in episodes of CBS’ NCIS, either the Director, Jenny VIPs or other federal heads.

Trim levels Series Identification Label Series Identification Label

In the Town Car was introduced in three levels, the base Executive the mid-range Signature Series, and the Cartier. The trim levels unchanged until 2003, the Executive Series and Cartier were dropped. The Signature did not any longer represent the mid-range rather it replaced the Executive with Ultimate designation used for the mid-range and top model, was formerly called the Cartier.

In however, the lineup was changed For 2005 only, the Ultimate was dropped, with only the Series designation being for all three trim levels. In Lincoln introduced the Designer as an additional trim-level t- fit in between the Signature Limited Series and the top L Series.

Executive (1981 2003) The Executive Series was the trim level and thus most affordable trim on the Lincoln Town Car from through 2003. The Executive designation is still used but only on fleet vehicles.

(1981 – 2008) The Series was the mid-level trim and was the most popular trim from 1981 through In 2004 the trim levels renamed, and the Signature Series was now t- describe the basic trim and Ultimate was now used t- describe the trim. In 2005 the Ultimate was and all trim levels were t- a version of Signature.

The basic level for 2005 was called the mid trim level was called Limited and the top-of-line trim-level was Signature L. The trim level were revised again for the model year. For 2006 a level called the Designer was added between the Signature and top-of-line Signature L.

Cartier (1981 – Cartier was used on the top-of-line Car from 1981 through The Cartier als- featured its own of Lincoln emblem which was ont- the seats. Golden emblems on the tail-lights als- a staplemark on the Cartier Edition on through 2002 models.

(1989) According t- Edmund’s guides for 1989, the Town Car was t- be as a Gucci Edition including a Carriage Roof (convertible-look). was apparently cancelled as there was a Special Edition of the Town Car in which had a unique edition of the Roof option, with an opera light extending the of the b-pillar, possibly replacing the Gucci model.

Ultimate only) Ultimate was only on the 2004 Town Car. designation replaced Signature for model year and was used for the Lincoln.

L Edition (2001 2008) The designation L was used on Town Cars with wheelbases. The L editions offer an six inches of legroom as well as audi- and climate controls for passengers. While this is similar t- that used on luxury flagship sedans as the BMW 7-Series or the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, the L was never its own trim option on the Car.

Instead the L edition was t- the top-of-line Cartier (2003), (2004 only), and Signature – present) Series levels. For the 2001-02 versions, the L shares its rear doors regular Town Cars and can be identified by its extra-thick B-pillars. The L has had its own rear doors from onward t- have regular B-pillars; these doors give the L a resemblance t- the Grand

Designer (2006 – The Designer Series is an upper-middle level in between the mid-level Limited and top-of-the-line Signature L. The Series is roughly $1,000 expensive than the mid-level Limited with a starting of $45,915. This trim two-tone interior accents, a higher quality leather Provence leather. The rear als- include four way head restraints exclusively on trim for the standard wheelbase.

On the special chromed B pillars and wheels are included with package.

Trim level Lincoln Town Car Timeline level 1980s 1990s ’80 ’81 ’82 ’84 ’85 ’86 ’88 ’89 ’90 ’92 ’93 ’94 ’96 ’97 ’98 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’04 ’05 ’06 Executive Series Signature Mid-level Signature Series Signature Limited High-end Series Top-of-the-line Cartier L Signature L L Edition L Series

and notable features

Over its year run, the Town Car has one of best selling luxury of the United States and received awards and recognitions by the mainstream in the process.

* Roominess. According t- and NCTD, the Town Car is the spacious luxury sedan $200k US; an honor easily by the interior’s generous dimensions. A wheel-base Town Car features ft©ш of interior volume 105 ft©ш in the Mercedes-Benz S 600 or 111 ft©ш in the wheelbase BMW 760iL.

The difference is greater when comparing the L Series with its enormous ft©ш of interior space. * One of the chauffeured cars. Forbes repeatedly named the Town Car one of the cars t- be chauffeured in along other, often more flagship sedans, such as the S-Class, BMW 7-Series and Lexus LS.

The Car Signature L features a rear comfort package which not provides rear seat with audi- system and compartment climate controls, but features a control function allows for the rear seat t- move the passenger seat a feature exclusive t- few ultra-luxury In addition t- its many amenities, the L als- features an unrivaled in of rear legroom, and 60 in of rear room. * Highest Possible Rating.

The Town Car is the first car in history t- receive a five-star in all five categories – web-site. The Town Car is als- the vehicle t- receive a five rating in all five categories for years in a row, from t- 2006. * Motor Trend Car of the In 1990, upon the introduction of the generation Town Car, the received the honor of being Motor Trend Car of the Year.

Tagged as:

Other articles of the category "Lincoln":

Our partners
Follow us
Contact us
Our contacts

Born in the USSR


About this site

For all questions about advertising, please contact listed on the site.

Car Catalog with specifications, pictures, ratings, reviews and discusssions about cars