UAZ – Mashpedia, the Video Encyclopedia

16 Jan 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on UAZ – Mashpedia, the Video Encyclopedia


History [ edit ]

War and [ edit ]

The Ulyanovsk Automobile was founded in 1941 as a direct of the German invasion of the Soviet The rapidly advancing Germans to capture the bulk of Soviet concentrated in the Western parts of the and thereby undercut the ability of the to supply its troops. In response to threat the government of Joseph ordered the evacuation of strategically industrial centers to the East.

By the 1941, the rapid German to Moscow. triggered the decision to the Moscow automotive manufacturer ZIS to the town of Ulyanovsk. The town, a nascent industrial center a sufficiently developed infrastructure and a supply of skilled workers, be an ideal location for the reconstituted It was also safely out of reach of the army.

At that time of its founding, the was considered a subsidiary of ZIS. By the plant began production of shells and automobiles. The first produced at the plant was the ZIS-5 truck.

Ulyanovskiy Avtozavod main entrance

The Golden Age [ ]

In 1958, UAZ began production of its independently designed automobile, the – a family of trucks and In 1966, the UAZ-452 D a further of the 450, was put into production. The 452 go on to become a workhorse of soviet and police.

In 1972 the well-regarded, but GAZ-69 was replaced by the more UAZ-469. The UAZ-469 was a sturdy, but vehicle with the ability to virtually any terrain, while providing ease of maintenance. The 469 legendary status, thanks to its and impressive off-road capability, though it was not made available to the market until late before which time it was exclusively for police and military A commercially-available variant was produced by the Automotive Works .

The UAZ-469 and its modifications have a dedicate following because of its ability, reliability and simplicity. enthusiasts welcome it as a lower-cost and alternative to the American Jeep, Land Rover and Japanese Cruiser.

Crisis [ edit ]

the collapse of Soviet Union, UAZ has feeling the heat. On one hand, were willing to buy its cars due to its reputation; on the other hand, preferred used imported cars due to the lack of reliability of UAZ made in the 1990s. UAZ produced a modified version of its original car, UAZ Hunter. but the sales still lacking.

After the collapse of the Soviet UAZ experienced many financial which resulted in poor control and cost cutting resulted in the production of low quality UAZ compared to those made in times.

In 2004, the plant was by the Severstal financial group, made many investments in the and had also bought the ZMA car plant in Chelny .

In 2005, a new SUV-like car, UAZ was unveiled. Extensive use of third-party (which finally allowed UAZ to its notorious transmission with a Korean-manufactured one), large good off-road capabilities and price (15,000 USD) good sales in Russia. UAZ a new 4 door pickup truck.

[ edit ]

The UAZ-469 (and its has earned a reputation as a very and capable 4×4. It has gained popularity among off-road within Russia, former republics as well as Europe, South America and Africa, and is by many over other 4x4s such as Land Jeep and Toyota .

One of the main the 469 has enjoyed such popularity is its simple design, which for easy maintenance and repairs. Its is a deliberate design feature for two reasons: the requirements of the Soviet Forces. as well as that people in the Soviet Union/Russia to fix their cars themselves as to taking them to an authorized

Although the UAZ has proven to be a reliable there have been a few with the car’s reliability have slightly hurt its

The transmission of the original 469 has been to have problems when not properly (as the owners manual Another major problem Russia has been the production of parts made out of cheap Furthermore, the 1990s (after the of the Soviet Union) saw a significant of quality in the assembly of UAZ vehicles as the struggled to survive and could not to pay the salaries of its employees.

Other problems have encountered with the modernization of the as many of the new electrical and cosmetic have been of poor To combat these problems, and the reliability and dependability of UAZ vehicles to former standards the UAZ Company has introduced a new Quality Control which has reduced the number of UAZ with defects arriving in around the world.

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