Toyota Tacoma – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

10 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Toyota Tacoma – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

First generation (1995–2004) [ edit ]

Length

1995-97 Regular Cab 2WD: 174.8#160;in (4,440#160;mm)

Xtracab 2WD: 193.3#160;in (4,910#160;mm)

1995-97 Regular Cab 4WD: 180.5#160;in (4,585#160;mm)

1995-97 Xtracab 4WD: 199.0#160;in (5,055#160;mm)

1998-2000 Regular Cab 4WD, 1998-2002 PreRunner Regular Cab 2WD: 183.8#160;in (4,669#160;mm)

2WD: 3155 lbs

4WD: 3877 lbs

The Tacoma was introduced in the US in February 1995 as a replacement for the Hilux. which prior to this was marketed in the US under the name Toyota Pickup. Compared with the Hilux, the Tacoma is engineered with a greater priority on ride quality, handling, comfort, and safety over ruggedness and payload capacity.

The design is intended to better suit the needs of the US and Canadian pickup truck market, where pickup trucks, particularly compact and mid-sized models, are often used as personal vehicles, and less exclusively for commercial, agricultural, and off road use. The name was derived from the city of Tacoma. Design work was done at Calty Design Research in California from 1990 to late 1992, when Kevin Hunter’s final design was chosen and frozen for production in 1993. Patents for the production design were filed in Japan in April 1993 and October 28, 1993 in the United States. [ 2 ] [ 3 ]

There were a total of three engines available for the Toyota Tacoma:

2.4#160;L four-cylinder rated at 142#160;hp (106#160;kW) and 160#160;lb·ft (217#160;N·m) of torque

2.7#160;L four-cylinder rated at 150#160;hp (112#160;kW) and 177#160;lb·ft (240#160;N·m) of torque

3.4#160;L V6 rated at 190#160;hp (142#160;kW) and 220#160;lb·ft (298#160;N·m) of torque.

The 2.4#160;L gave a highly useful 29#160;miles per US gallon (8.1#160;L/100#160;km; 35#160;mpg -imp ) (hwy), the 2.7#160;L gave 26#160;miles per US gallon (9.0#160;L/100#160;km; 31#160;mpg -imp ) (hwy), and the 3.4#160;L delivered 22#160;miles per US gallon (11#160;L/100#160;km; 26#160;mpg -imp ) (hwy). [ 4 ]

Two-wheel drive Tacomas had 5-stud wheel lug patterns. The 2.4#160;L and 3.4#160;L engines were available in this vehicle depending on options. Automatic and manual transmissions were available.

Four-wheel drive Tacomas had six-stud wheel lug patterns, which had been used on the prior pickups (pre-Tacoma trucks). The truck’s frame is fully boxed until immediately after the front leaf spring mount bracket where it transitions into a c-frame section. The 3.4 V6’s manual transmission was an R150F while the automatic transmission was an A340F (Aisin code is 30-40LE).

From 95-97 Single cab Tacomas had the option of a manual transmission with the 3.4 V6 engine. The aftermarket TRD supercharged 3.4L V6 produced 254#160;bhp (189#160;kW) and 270#160;lb·ft (366#160;N·m). [ 5 ] From 1998 on, the single cabs only got a 2.7#160;L or a 2.4#160;L 4-cylinder from the factory. TRD packages started in 1998 (if the V6 engine was selected, a differential locker in the rear came with it).

Prerunner models started in 1998. They share the same front and rear suspension parts and geometry, frame, styling and engine options as the 4×4 Tacomas of this year range. Prerunner Tacomas also had the option of the TRD Off-Road package which (like the 4×4 ) got a rear differential locker if it was a V6 model (among other suspension variations). The V6 Tacoma automatic transmissions were an A340E.

Because of the similarities in the Prerunner and 4×4 models, it is possible to use stock parts to convert a Prerunner to a 4×4.

In its first couple years of production the Tacoma sold very well, attracting many young buyers. The first generation Tacoma underwent a minor headlight upgrade from recessed to flush headlights in 1997 and a total of two cosmetic facelifts: the first in 1998, and the second in 2001. The facelifts mainly entailed grilles (1998, 2001) and tailgate badging and emblems (1998).

Mechanical changes included a switch to distributorless ignitions (coil-on-plug) in 1997 and in 1998 longer rear leaf springs. A passenger-side air bag was added for 1998, and the driver’s side air bag (added in 1995) was depowered. Most 4×4 models came with Toyota’s Automatic Differential Disconnect (ADD) system after the 2000 model year.

The only extra feature in 2001 was a new crew cab (four-door) model added to the lineup. The crew cab featured four doors, while the extended cabs still opened with two doors. The extended cab featured a 6-foot (2#160;m) bed while the crew cab featured a 5-foot-5-inch (1.65#160;m) bed.

Many customers were upset with small crew cab beds, but most competitors shared this shortcoming.

In 2001, along with the front facelift, Toyota had also unveiled an S-Runner trim package which included the 3.4-liter V6 engine. It came with 16-inch (410#160;mm) alloy wheels, and a 5-speed manual transmission with Tokico gas shocks. There were only 200 produced each month from 2001 to 2004. By 2003 the Tacoma had gained 16.5 percent sales from its previous years.

The Tacoma’s popularity only increased in the next few years. By 2004 it was ahead of the Nissan Frontier. and Dodge Dakota. but still 2.2 percent behind in sales to the Ford Ranger .

In 2008, Toyota proactively announced a 15 year, unlimited mileage corrosion warranty for 1995-2000 model years due to inadequate rustproofing and frame corrosion issues affecting a small number of Tacomas. Toyota will either repair the frame or buyback the truck for 1.5 times its KBB retail value. [ 6 ] [ 7 ] This was later extended to include 2001-2004 model years, but in these cases when a frame was found to be rusty to the point of perforation, the frame is replaced with a new one instead of a buy back. [ citation needed ]

On November 21, 2012, Toyota recalled about 150,000 Tacoma mid-size pickup trucks from the model years 2001 to 2004 that were sold primarily in 20 cold-weather U.S. states. The recall involves the spare tire and how it could fall off. [ 8 ]

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