Toyota RAV4 EV – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

25 Aug 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Toyota RAV4 EV – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Toyota RAV4


The first was leased from 1997 to and at the lessees’ request, many were sold after the was discontinued. [ 1 ] A total of 1,484 leased and/or sold in to meet the state’s mandate for vehicle. [ 2 ] As of mid-2012, there almost 500 units still in [ 3 ]

First generation [ edit ]

64.4#160;in (1,636#160;mm)

The first version of the RAV4 EV became on a limited basis in 1997. In it was possible for businesses, cities or to lease one or two of these cars. then actually sold or 328 RAV4 EVs to the general public in at which time the program was despite waiting lists of customers.

The RAV4 EV closely resembles the internal combustion engine version – without a – and has a governed top speed of (

126#160;km/h) with a range of 100 to 120 (160#160;to#160;190#160;km). The 95 amp-hour NiMH pack has a capacity of 27 kWh. inductively and has proven to be surprisingly Some RAV4 EVs have over 150,000 miles on the original battery pack.

It was one of the few vehicles with a single automatic transmission at that

Besides the batteries, controller and the remaining systems in the RAV4 EV are to the gasoline-powered RAV4, such as brakes. power steering. air tire wear and suspension except for the power sources The power brakes use an electric to provide vacuum instead of vacuum from the engine while the power steering and air systems use electric motors of mechanical energy delivered by fan The passenger compartment is heated

Performance [ edit ]

The RAV4 EV has a top speed of 78 miles per hour a tested 0-60 time of 18 seconds (depending on state-of-charge on the and a range of 80 to 120 miles (130 to Mileage depends on the same as a traditional gasoline-powered vehicle, rolling resistance and average (aerodynamic drag ).

The RAV4 EV has 24 12-volt 95Ah batteries capable of storing kWh of energy.

Charging [ edit ]

The EV’s batteries can be recharged being fully depleted to charged in about five and are monitored with a passive balancing system. Electricity is via a Magne Charge inductive paddle [ 7 ] from a wall-mounted charging unit on a 220 volt, 30 North American clothes plug. Some earlier EV prototypes were charged via a fender conductive charger made by Yazaki Corporation.

Mileage costs [ edit ]

As of May charging a RAV4 EV from to full-charge, at a rate of US$0.09 per costs around US$2.70. As of May based on a gasoline price-per-gallon of US$3.80 and up and the non-EV 2003 2-wheel-drive gasoline fuel of 27#160;mpg -US (8.7#160;L/100#160;km; 32#160;mpg ), the RAV4 EV costs approximately 20% as on a per mile basis, and makes in the RAV4 EV the cost equivalent to a -US (2.117#160;L/100#160;km; 133.4#160;mpg -imp ) SUV.

In addition, the RAV4 EV has a timer built into the that enables the vehicle to charging at a specific time. As the EV easily becomes the main of electricity in an average-sized home, enables the owner to use a Time-Of-Day to reduce electricity costs. configuration is a standard practice RAV4 EV owners.

The price of electricity at night on the carrier, but is usually in the range of 60% of the rate. In the use of charging the RAV4 EV, equates to a cheaper cost-per-mile, equivalent to a vehicle capable of -US (1.412#160;L/100#160;km; 200.1#160;mpg -imp ), on a price of US$3.00 per gallon.

The States Environmental Protection listed mileage ratings for the EV in its yearly Fuel Economy from 2000 through The 2003 model recorded mileage equivalent to 125#160;mpg -US 150#160;mpg -imp ), and 100#160;mpg -US 120#160;mpg -imp ) on the highway. combined mileage was 112#160;mpg -US 135#160;mpg -imp ).

Consumable items [ edit ]

The EV’s battery system is a item. Toyota reports battery pack replacement are currently higher than the of the used vehicle. [ 8 ] Toyota the RAV4 EV in Japan for 300,000 (480,000#160;km) over two years introducing the vehicle in the United The economies of scale are affecting the cost of the RAV4 EV.

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