Toyota Mark II – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

16 Mar 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Toyota Mark II – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lexus ES300

Toyota Mark II

The Toyota Mark II is a model name used by Toyota for several decades.

The first series, called the Toyota Corona Mark II was an all new vehicle at its introduction in 1968, that sought to offer a car that was just under Japanese government regulations concerning maximum vehicle dimensions and engine displacement.

Using the established platform of the Toyota Corona sedan but slightly larger and wider, it was exclusive to Toyopet Store locations, and offered as a competitor to the newly introduced Nissan Laurel in Japan, and the Nissan Bluebird / Datsun 510 internationally that appeared August 1967, and two years after the Mazda Luce in 1966. Toyota was known at the time as a small, economy car manufacturer and the Mark II allowed Toyota to establish itself as a more mainstream, international automaker.

The Corona Mark II was sold as a larger companion to the Corona, while still being smaller than the Crown. The Mark II introduced the world to a comfortable front engine, rear drive vehicle that was larger than older Toyotas while maintaining an affordable price and better fuel economy than vehicles with larger straight 6 and V8 engines.

Generation 1 (1968–1972) T60/T70 series [ edit ]

First generation station wagon

The U.S. exported version for the same model year, often include the more powerful R series motors compared to other regions. While Japan and other markets often had 1.5-litre 2R. 1.6-litre 7R /12R to 1.7-litre 6R models as well. Engines were shared with the Corona, with both using the 2R. and the 12R engine.

Transmissions offered were an automatic transmission with 3 speeds for export and 2 speeds in Japan, or a choice of either a 4-speed or 3-speed manual transmission.

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RT62 sedans and RT72 coupé features the 1.9-litre 8R four-cylinder engine, unique to the Mark II. The RT63 sedan, RT73 coupé, RT78/RT79 station wagons feature a two-litre 18R four-cylinder engine, also unique to the Mark II. The suspension setup used double wishbone with coil springs at the front and leaf springs at the back with a front-engine rear-drive powertrain format.

The Corona Mark II was longer, at 4,295#160;mm (169.1#160;in) over the Corona’s length of 162.4#160;in (4,125#160;mm) for the sedan, and the coupe, with a width of 1,610#160;mm (63.4#160;in) in comparison to 61#160;in (1,549#160;mm) for the sedan and coupe. The height of the Mark II is lower at 1,405#160;mm (55.3#160;in) over 1,420#160;mm (55.9#160;in) for the sedan, but higher at 1,374#160;mm (54.1#160;in) for the coupé.

For North America, the Mark II was available with bucket seats for the front passengers, a center console with a floor-mounted manual transmission, electric rear window defroster, and a full size spare tire installed externally and underneath the cargo area on the wagon with rear seats that folded down to a fully carpeted rear cargo area. The Mark II wagon was the largest wagon Toyota offered in North America, next to the Corona and Corolla wagons; the Crown wagon was no longer sold in North America.

Generation 2 (1972–1976) X10/X20 series [ edit ]

Lexus ES300
Lexus ES300
Lexus ES300
Lexus ES300
Lexus ES300
Lexus ES300
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