Toyota Land Cruiser 70 Series – Toyota Wiki

2 Feb 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Toyota Land Cruiser 70 Series – Toyota Wiki

Contents

Model Designations

Originally, model numbers 70 through 74 referred to the 2 door short and medium wheelbase versions. These were the successors of the famous 40 Series, such as the FJ40. Model numbers 75 through 77 referred to the long wheelbase version, which was available in pick-up and 2 door troop carrier models and, in a few markets, a 4 door wagon.

These were the successors of the less-well known long wheelbase 40 Series, such as the FJ45. In 1999, Toyota introduced several updates and changed the model designations. The long wheelbase models became the 78 (troop carrier) and 79 (pick-up) and, in 2007, the 76 (4 door wagon).

Short wheelbase models are only in production today for a few select markets.

As with all Land Cruisers, the letters at the beginning of the model number designate the engine of the vehicle. Common engines in the 70 series include the 3F Petrol engine (e.g. the FJ70), the 2H Diesel engine (e.g. the HJ75), the 1FZ petrol engine (e.g. the FZJ79), the 1HZ diesel engine (e.g. the HZJ78), and most recently, the 1VD diesel engine (e.g. the VDJ76).

History

1984 – 1998: The 70 / 75 series Toyota Land Cruiser took over from the 40 / 45 series of workhorse four wheel drives in 1984. The styling maintained a family resemblance to the 40 / 45 series but became more angular. The 70 / 71 series was the short wheel base (SWB), the 73 / 74 was the medium wheel base (MWB) and the 75 / 77 was the long wheel base (LWB).

The latter came as cab-chassis/utility with a panelled tray (pick-up), and troop carrier hard-top (HT). Toyota also manufactured lighter duty versions that shared the 70 Series designation from 1985 to 1996, and were marketed in various parts of the world as the Bundera, the Prado. or the Land Cruiser II. Of these, the Prado name stuck, and each modification took it further from its 70 Series roots.

Starting in 1997 the Prado was known as the 90 Series, and had become a light duty passenger 4×4 with no relation to the 70 Series.

1999: The pick-up version was designated the 79 series, the Troop Carrier became the 78 series, and the short wheelbase version was phased out in most markets. The principal mechanical changes were – coil sprung (instead of leaf sprung) live front axle, longer rear leaf springs, 5-bolt wheels instead of 6-bolt wheels, redesigned steering wheel, redesigned front indicators, and, in the cab-chassis, a longer wheel base which increased the rear storage capacity.

2007: The updated 70 Series began production in January for market release in late February / early March 2007. Changes involve minor frontal design adjustments which incorporate the headlamps into the front profile of the vehicle due to the chassis rails being moved outwards to accommodate the new V8 turbo-diesel engine – a dramatic change nonetheless considering the exposed lamps and wheel arches have been a signature design component of the 70 Series from day one.

In Australia, only one engine is now on offer: a 4.5L V8 turbo diesel 1VD-FTV. For Africa and some other markets Toyota decided to keep the 1HZ and 1HD diesel engines and the 1FZ petrol engine. The cab-chassis / tray back (LWB) and Troop Carrier (LWB) bodies will remain; new to the range is the 76 series, a four door MWB wagon variant.

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