Toyota Estima

26 Feb 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Toyota Estima

First generation (XR10, 1990–2000)

Toyota Previa

The first generation, designed by designer Tokuo Fukuichi and designer David Doyle in (patent filed December 24, was introduced in January 1990, had one sliding side door for the passengers. It featured a unique platform, where the inline cylinder gasoline -powered was installed almost flat (at a angle), beneath the front

Installing the engine in this allowed moderately easy to the spark plugs. which located underneath a panel on the left-side of the vehicle, after the front passenger seat, the and an access panel. All engine-driven such as the alternator, power pump, air conditioning compressor, and fan, are accessible from the hood, driven off the front of the by an accessory driveshaft, and is known as the Accessory Drive System, or

This allows for even weight distribution, which ride quality and handling. it also prevents the installation of a engine, while the cost not be relayed by sharing the platform other vehicles.

The first Previa was 4,750#160;mm (187.0#160;in) and 1,803#160;mm (71.0#160;in) wide. In two smaller versions, the Toyota Lucida and Toyota Estima . were produced, which approximately 110#160;mm (4.3#160;in) and 70#160;mm (2.8#160;in) shorter the standard model.

The reason for the difference between the Emina and Lucida models is the tax system in Japan, which is on the product of length and width of the The smaller variants fall a lower tax band. The Estima and Estima Lucida were available with a 2.2 litre engine (3C-T and 3C-TE). [ 2 ]

The generation Previa was available in rear- and all-wheel drive (called All-Trac ) and powered by a (101#160;kW) JIS (99#160;kW) 4-cylinder fuel injection engine. with a 4-speed automatic or manual gearbox, this also seated seven or people, with three configurations offered (North only received the seven configurations, however).

All configurations a driver and front passenger forward, and a three-seat bench at the rear that splits and flat against the sides of the The 8-seat configuration contains a 2/1 swiveling bench seat in the row, while the 7-seat contain either two independently captain’s chairs (referred to as Seating), in the middle row or a two seat offset towards the driver’s

The third row is also better in the 7-seat version. It was available either 4-wheel disc or traditional front disc/rear brake setup, with Brakes (ABS) as an option.

United States

1997 year Previa S/C AWD (last year in the US)

In the United States, the was sold from March (for the 1991 model to 1997. It was imported from to compete with Chrysler successful Dodge Caravan and its twins Chrysler Town and and Plymouth Voyager ; Chrysler CEO Lee accused Toyota of dumping the in the United States in order to market share in the minivan from Chrysler. However, his were never substantiated.

the Previa proved more than the Toyota Van it replaced, it to steal any significant share the Chrysler minivans due to its high odd styling, poor fuel and weak engines, as well as how launched redesigned versions of its at the same time that launched the Previa. The mid-engine proved to have a significant – the inability to incorporate larger sizes, which proved a problem as American drivers used to having more the Dodge/Plymouth/Chrysler models were with available V6 engines.

with the 1994 model Toyota solved this by offering a Roots-type supercharger air-to-air intercooler, providing of boost (these models called the S/C), bringing the power up to a competitive 160#160;hp and increasing fuel mileage by 6 mpg per gallon) raising it to 23 mpg instead of 17 Initially, the S/C engine was only as an option on the LE for the 1994 model and all models for 1995.

For the 1996 model year, the aspirated engine was discontinued, and the S/C the standard engine on all trim everywhere the Previa was sold the smaller Estimas which re-badged as Previas. The United version of the Previa was discontinued the 1997 model year, by the more traditionally designed, U.S.-designed and -built, Camry Sienna.

A few Americans have the newer Previa model first generation Japan-spec but the U.S. DOT and EPA restrictions against import vehicles are very


In the Netherlands. the first Previa was marketed there 1991 and 1994.In 1995 the or SC model was made standard on all The only engine available was a 4-cylinder engine until Trim levels were (later renamed to i denoting an engine), GL, GLi and GXi. The 2.2-litre version was a popular grey .

Australia and New Zealand

In Australia, the (Previa, Estima and informally Trolley in New Zealand) was offered in GLS, and GLX forms with 7-8 seating from 1991- models In addition to the Australian there were various edition models available, varied in trim levels. include the RV (either 5-speed or 4-speed automatic with commemorative Rugby World Cup and Getaway. Feature-wise, all of the special models are marketed between the GLI and GLX models.

When the later-style update were released in Australia, the top of the GLS model was renamed Ultima and the became a mainstay trim being renamed Getaway II.

As other areas the previa was in 1995 the only engine was the supercharged or SC engine


Motors Philippines offered the in the mid-1990s before the first-generation was discontinued. In recent years, Lucidas and Eminas have imported from Japan and to left-hand-drive before being in the gray market. These imports still retain left-side sliding rear

Additional notes

The 5-speed Previas (North American were made from through 1993; none of has a supercharger. [ 3 ]

Starting in 1992, (North American models) with a driver’s side air bag and brake-light with dual becoming standard on 1994–97

1992–1997 North American models also came a swivel feature on the optional captain’s chairs; the 1991 had fixed optional captain’s

Available on Previas outside the was an ice-maker/refrigerator that doubled as a heater called the Hot/Cool

The supercharged engine is different the normally aspirated engine, to a slight decrease in compression and stronger engine internals. The is engaged on-demand by an electromagnetic based on input from the management system computer Engine Control Unit, or

Previas have optional moonroofs: A power horizontal-sliding glass moonroof above the row of passengers, and a pop-up glass above the front seats.

were also the first van to all US safety standards as pertaining to impact, driver air bag, brake light, ABS, etc.

Gas mileage is below (11-13L/100#160;km or 18.1-21.4mpg city, or 21.4-23.5mpg highway); the small engine needs to work a bit owing to the power to weight of the vehicle, compared with 6-cyl engines. The addition of the slightly improves power and better fuel consumption.

The gives a practically omniscient excluding the pillars behind the doors. This also the van into a greenhouse, accumulating heat in a short period of although solar control later became an option, to alleviate the problem.

Previas are affectionately called eggs, or beans, because of shape.

In the United States, generation Previa model in order of lowest to highest features, are: DX, DX All-Trac. DX LE, LE All-Trac. LE S/C, LE S/C All-Trac S/C = Supercharged and AllTrac = 4WD)

The drivers seat and a section of pan must be removed to perform a up because there is not enough to remove spark plug or spark plugs.

When the Institute for Highway Safety the 1996 model in the offset crash test, it revealed safety problems: the cabin was unstable, the steering wheel upward all the way to the windshield, the lap belt which allowed the dummy to end up in a reclining position, and there high forces on both of the legs, in which the IIHS it Poor. [ 4 ]

In some countries Australia, Japan and the United unsold Estimas and Lucidas re-badged as 1995/1996 Previas.

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