Toyota Corolla Modifications | Toyota Corolla Tuning

26 Mar 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Toyota Corolla Modifications | Toyota Corolla Tuning

Toyota Corolla Car Modifications and Tuning

Welcome to Toyota Corolla Tuning modifications fan site. Here lies all the car modifications and engine modifications you can do to your Toyota Corolla. Modifying your Toyota Corolla is fun and rewarding.

Start tuning your Corolla today!

Toyota Corolla Tuning

Modifying the exterior of your Toyota Corolla requires time and patience. Installing lambo doors or painting your Toyota Corolla requires special tools. Most of these tools can be found at big box hardware stores.

Toyota Corolla car tuning should be done with care and diligence. Performance increases when carbon fiber car parts are used over OEM Toyota Corolla car parts.

Toyota Corolla First Generation — E10 series — October 1966

Japan (1966-1970)

The Corolla was launched in Japan in October 1966. Eiji Toyoda, chairman of the company, said it worked hard to create popular demand, and disputes that Toyota rode a wave of private car ownership that was taking off in the mid-1960s. Its major competitor was the Datsun 1000, released a few months before the Corolla.

The initial car, the KE1x series was small, with a 90 in (2286 mm) wheelbase.

Transmission was by a 4-speed floor shift manual transmission or a 2-speed floor or column shift automatic transmission, with rear wheel drive. At the time, floor shift transmissions were considered only for trucks and 4 speeds implied that the engine didn’t have enough torque to drive through only 3 gears (more torque allows each gear to have a wider spread of engine revolutions, thus requiring less gears). This was a big risk for Toyota but the effectiveness of the new system gained in popularity.

The suspension in front was MacPherson struts supported by a transverse leaf spring beneath the engine cross-member, with leaf springs connected to a solid axle in back.

The engine was originally meant to be for the under 1000 cc tax class but was changed late in the design process to be 1077 cc in order to beat the forthcoming Datsun 1000. This put it into a higher tax class but this gave it some prestige over the Datsun 1000 – helped by its 100 cc advantage advertising campaign. In August 1969 the engine was upgraded to 1166 cc.

Special twin carburetter K-B (1077 cc) and 3K-B (1166 cc) engines were used in the SL grade models for an extra 13 hp.

Japanese engines:

* 1K — 1.1 L (1077 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 60 hp (44 kW)

* 1K-B — 1.1 L (1077 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, twin carb, 73 hp (54 kW)

* 3K — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 65 hp (48 kW)

* 3K-B — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, twin carb

JPN-market chassis:

* E-10 — 1077 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)

* E-15 — 1077 cc Hardtop coupй

* E-16 — 1077 cc Wagon, 2-door

* E-11 — 1166 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)

* E-17 — 1166 cc Hardtop coupй

* E-18 — 1166 cc Wagon, 2-door

USA (1968-1970)

Toyota has been almost steadfast in facelifting each generation after two years, and replacing it with an all-new model every four years. Exports to the United States began in March 1968 at about US$1,700.

* 3K — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 65 hp (48 kW)

US-market chassis:

* E-10 — 1077 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)

* E-15 — 1077 cc Hardtop coupй

* E-16 — 1077 cc Wagon, 2-door

* E-11 — 1166 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)

* E-17 — 1166 cc Hardtop coupй

* E-18 — 1166 cc Wagon, 2-door

Australia (1966-1970)

The first export market for the Corolla was Australia in November 1966. Australia received right hand drive versions of the same models as America .

Toyota Corolla Second Generation — E20 series — 1970

The second-generation KE2# / TE2# model, launched 1970, had coke-bottle styling. It had a longer 91.9 in (2334 mm) wheelbase. The front suspension design was improved greatly, using a swaybar, however the rear remained relatively the same. The Corolla became the second-best selling car in the world that year.

Grades for sedan were Standard, Deluxe, and Hi-Deluxe. The coupй was offered in Deluxe, SL, SR, and Levin as well as Sprinter variants. The Sprinter Trueno was equivalent to the Corolla Levin.

The TE27 Levin is featured in Auto Modellista, a racing video game by Capcom.

Minor changes were made for the 1973 model year with a new grille, turn signal lights, and tail lights, along with similar treatment to the Sprinter.

Japan (1970-1978)

Most models stopped production in July 1974 but the KE26 wagon and van were still marketed in Japan after the 30-series was introduced.

Japanese engines:

* T — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 86 hp (63 kW)

* T-D — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 90 hp (66 kW)

* T-B — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, twin carb,

* 2T — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)

* 2T-B — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, twin carb

* 2T-G — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve DOHC, twin carb, 115 hp (86 kW)

* 3K — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

* 3K-D — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 73 hp (54 kW)

* 3K-B — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, twin carb, 77 hp (57 kW)

JPN-market chassis:

* KE20 — 1166 cc Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)

* TE20 — 1407 cc Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)

* KE25 — 1166 cc Hardtop coupй (DX, Hi-DX, SL)

* TE25 — 1407 cc Hardtop coupй (DX, Hi-DX, SL, SR)

* KE26 — 1166 cc Wagon, 3-door/5-door

* TE27 — 1588 cc Hardtop Coupй (Levin/Trueno twincam)

USA (1971-1974)

The Japan chassis models were all available in USA. A 1.6 L (1588 cc/96 inі) 102 hp (76 kW) engine came in 1971, quite impressive for the time, and a sporty hardtop coupй called the SR5 (also known as the Levin in Japan) was introduced in 1973. In 1974, the SR5 was entered by Car Driver magazine’s team in SCCA competition.

American engines:

* 2T-C — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 102 hp (76 kW)

* 3K-C — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

US-market chassis: TE21 — Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX) TE26 — Wagon, DX TE27 — Hardtop coupй (SR5)

Toyota Corolla Third generation — E30, E40, E50 series — April 1974

Japan (1974-1981)

The third-generation Toyota Corolla, built from 1974-81 (worldwide versions) (KE3x/KE5x), marked Toyota’s greatest growth in the United States in the wake of the fuel crisis. In addition to the Sprinter, there was a redesigned-body version built by Toyota affiliate Daihatsu, called the Daihatsu Charmant.

While there were certain fourth-generation models with a longer model life, this generation, when considered as a whole, was the longest-lived one, possibly due to the worldwide recession in the 1970s. A large range of cars were built using this chassis, including Corollas, Sprinters, Daihatsu, and the sporty Levin and Trueno models with the DOHC motor.

The 3K engine was used in certain markets and later the 4K, while most Japanese and American models had the bigger 2T engine. A Toyoglide 2/3-speed automatic transmission was added as well as a four-speed and five-speed manual transmission, driving to the rear wheels. A three-door liftback (E50) and sports coupй (E51) was added in 1976.

The E40 and E60 series were assigned to the Sprinter variants.

Japanese engines:

* 2T-G — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve DOHC, carb, 124 hp (93 kW)

* 2T-C — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)

* 3K-C — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

JPN-market chassis:

* E31 — Sedan, 2-door/4-door

* E36 — Wagon, 3 or 5-door

* E38 — Wagon, 3 or 5-door

* E37 — Hardtop coupй (Levin)

* E51 — Sports coupй (Levin GT)

* E55 — Liftback (Levin GT)

USA (1975-1979)

Road Track was critical of the 1975 Corolla, calling it large and heavy and expensive compared to the Honda Civic and Datsun B210. They also criticized the relatively crude rear suspension, lack of interior space, and poor fuel economy when compared to the VW Rabbit. The base model cost US$ 2711 in 1975, but only the $2989 deluxe model had features comparable to the contemporary pack.

Emissions became a problem further into the 1970s especially with the 4K engine, which became popular because of its low fuel consumption. In later versions of the K engine with emissions equipment, only 60 hp (45 kW) was produced, despite a greater 1290 cc displacement.

The E30 series 2T-C engines outmatched rival Datsun B210’s engine output.

American engines:

* 2T-C — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)

* 3K-C — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 2-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)

US-market chassis:

* E-31 — Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, E/5)

* E-35 — wagon, 5-door (Std, DX)

* E-37 — Hardtop coupй (DX, SR5)

* E-51 — Sports coupй (Std, SR5)

* E-55 — Liftback, 3-door (Std, SR5)

Toyota Corolla Fourth generation — E70 series — 1979-1987

The fourth-generation model released in 1979 in Japan, was boxy and was the last generation to have the entire lineup in rear-wheel-drive. Although most of the fourth generation was replaced by 1984, the station wagon and van versions were offered into 1987.

This generation (apart from the wagon) got a new rear coil spring five-link rear end with a panhard rod, and the wheelbase was longer at 94.5 in (2400 mm). A new underwhelming 1.8 L (1770 cc/108 inі) 3T engine was optional to some markets, whilst parts of the world retained the old 4K. The most notable engine advancement came in 1983, however, as Toyota began offering the 1.6 L (1587 cc/96 inі) 4A-C.

The aluminum head, SOHC engine, although bulkier in size and weight than the K and T engines it was offered alongside, was a grand step up in performance. This would be the last generation of Corollas to use any pushrod or iron cylinder head engines, as Toyota made the decision to focus exclusively on aluminium head, OHC engine design from this point forward. This was the first generation to have power steering.

In the USDM market, this was introduced in the 1982 model year. The 1980-81 models had 4 lamps in the front in some markets, all 1982-83 models have 2 – a facelift involving wraparound headlights, remodelled taillights and new bumpers were introduced for 1982.

In 1980, during this model’s life, Corolla daily production reached an all-time high, averaging 2,346 units.

American engines:

* 3T-C — 1.8 L (1770 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)

* 4A-C — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)

Australian engines:

* 4K-C — 1.3 L (1290 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb, 65 hp

* 4A-C — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)

Japanese engines:

* 4K-U — 1.3 L (1290 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb, 74 hp

* 5K-C — 1.5 L (1495 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb

* 3A-U — 1.5 L (1490 cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 80 hp

* 2T-G — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 8-valve DOHC, EFI, 115 hp

US-market chassis:

* E-71 — Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX)

* E-72 — wagon, 5-door (Std, DX)

* E-72 — Hardtop coupй (DX, SR5)

* E-72 — Sports coupй (SR5)

* E-72 — Liftback, 3-door (Std, SR5)

Toyota Corolla Fifth generation — E80 series — 1983

The fifth generation is generally regarded as the most popular Corolla when measured against its contemporaries, and some 3.3 million units were produced. This model, from 1983, moved the Corolla into front wheel drive, except for the AE85 and AE86 Corolla Levin / Sprinter Trueno models (SR-5 / GT-S in USA) which continued on the older rear wheel drive platform, along with the three-door liftback (E72), three-door van (E70) and five-door wagon (E70) of the previous generation, that were still being produced.

The front-wheel-drive wheelbase was now 95.6 in (2428 mm).

It was the first Corolla to top the New Zealand top-10 lists, ending Ford’s dominance of that market. A short hatchback range, called the Corolla FX in Japan and the Corolla Compact in Germany, arrived in 1984, on the front-wheel-drive platform. The three and five-door hatchbacks resembled the Corolla sedan with a truncated rear deck and trunk. Although there was a five-door liftback model of the basic Corolla, the FX-based hatchback was sold alongside it.

The Corolla FX replaced the Toyota Starlet in North America.

A DOHC 16-valve engine, designated 4A-GE, was added in 1983 on the rear-drive cars. It was a 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 and produced an impressive 124 hp (92 kW), turning the Levin/Trueno (Japan), Corolla GT coupй (Europe) and Corolla GT-S into a popular sports car. This engine was also combined with the front-drive transaxle to power the mid-engined Toyota MR-2.

The Sprinter sports cars, in two-door coupй and three-door liftback forms, were notable for the line’s first use of pop-up headlamps, which the equivalent Corolla Levin sports models did not have. These AE86 models have been immortalized in the anime series Initial D, and have been also featured in the computer and video games Need for Speed: Underground 2, Gran Turismo 2, 3 4, the Tokyo Extreme Racer series, Auto Modellista,Need For Speed: Carbon and most recently Need For Speed: ProStreet .

A new Corolla FX, built at the US NUMMI plant, appeared in 1987. It was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines, the latter marketed as the FX-16. From 1985 to 1988, NUMMI built a rebadged version of the Corolla, sold by Chevrolet as the Chevrolet Nova.

Nova’s successor, the Geo Prizm was another rebadged Corolla selling in the United States from 1989 to 2002.

USA (1984-1987)

American engines:

* 4A-C 1.6 L I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)

* 4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 hp (86 kW)

US-market chassis:

* AE82 — FWD sedan, 2-door/4-door, hatchback(Std, LE, LE Ltd, SR-5) 3-door (FX/FX16)

* AE84 — 4WD 5-door wagon (Std, DX)

* AE85 — RWD coupй 2-door, 3-door hatchback (SR-5)

European engines

* 2A 1.3 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 69 hp

* 4A 1.6 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 84 hp

* 4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 121 hp (86 kW)

* 1C 1.8 L, Diesel, Mechanical Injection, 58 hp

* 2E 1.3 L, 12-valve SOHC, carb, 75 hp

European-market chassis:

* E80 — FWD 4-door sedan /5-door liftback

* E80 — FWD 3-door liftback

* E82 — FWD 3-door hatchback

Australian engines:

* 4A-C 1.6 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 78 hp (58 kW)

* 4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 hp (86 kW)

Australian-market chassis:

* AE80 — FWD 4-door sedan /5-door hatchback

* AE82 — FWD 4-door sedan /5-door hatchback

* AE86 — RWD 2-door coupй /3-door hatchback (Badged as Toyota Sprinter)

Toyota Corolla Sixth generation — E90 series — May 1987

All Corollas were front-drive for 1987, with production beginning in May 1987. For general export, the trim levels are Base, XL, GL, SE, and SE Limited. The GT-i was sold in limited numbers in certain countries.

The all wheel drive Sprinter Carib wagon used a solid axle rear suspension with coil springs, while the rest used struts all around. The 4WD wagon was sold from 1988 to 1994 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. It was called the All-Trac in the US and sold with the Tercel or Corolla name in some countries. in general, all models depart from the previous generation’s boxy styling, for a more contemporary look and improved aerodynamics.

The Sprinter five-door liftback was called Cielo in Japan, and re-badged as the Corolla in Europe, though for a period in Ireland (and possibly elsewhere) it was badged the Sprinter GLS, unusually in cheap-looking decals instead of the metallic-coated plastic badges found on all other Toyotas of the time.

High performance GT-i models are powered by 4A-GE, and offered as 3-door hatchback, sedan, and 5-door liftback. The North American GT-S coupй shared the same engine.

This was awarded the 1988 Semperit Irish Car of the Year.

South Africa (1996-2006)

A facelifted version of the sixth-generation five-door hatchback was made in South Africa as an entry-level model called the Toyota Tazz from 1996 until July 5, 2006. The Tazz was offered as 130, and 160i. Whilst the three-door was sold as a panel van model there, called the Toyota

Japan (1987—1991)

The 1.3 liter sedan has 4 speed manual transmission or 3 speed automatic transmission. The only model with 1.5 liter 5A-FHE was SE-Limited G. The 4WD sedan is powered by 1.6 liter 4A-FE. The Sprinter sedan has opera window on the C-Pillar.

The AE92 Levin and Trueno were also fitted with a supercharged engine. It used an SC12 roots type supercharger and a top mounted intercooler that was fed cool air via a scoop on the bonnet. They generated 206 Nm (152 ft·lbf) at 4,400 rpm as opposed to the N/a 4A-GE’s 136 Nm (100 ft·lbf) at 4,800 rpm.

The Corolla and Sprinter commercial van have recessed headlights.

JPN-market chassis:

* AE82 — Hatchback FX, FX16, FX16 GTS 1.6 liter

* EE90 — Sedan 4-door (DX Custom, TX) 1.3 liter

* AE91 — Sedan 4-door (DX, SE, SE Limited G), wagon 5-door 1.5 liter

* AE92 — 2 door coupй (Levin), Sedan 4-door (SE Limited, GT) 1.6 liter

* AE94 — 4WD sedan 4-door (DX, SE Limited) 1.6 liter

* AE95 — FWD/4WD wagon 5-door (Carib)

* EE97 — FWD wagon 5-door (Std, XL) 1.3 liter

Japanese engines:

* 2E — 1.3 liter

* 5A-F — 1.5 liter

* 5A-FHE — 1.5 liter

* 4A-FE — 1.6 liter

* 4A-GE — 1.6 liter

* 4A-GZE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, supercharger, 165 hp (121 kW) GT-Z

USA (1988-1992)

North American production of the sedan took place at NUMMI and Cambridge, Ontario, Canada. These two plants made 279,000 units, making a total of 4.5 million of this generation (AE92) made. The North American models depart from the previous generation’s boxy styling, for a more contemporary look and improved aerodynamics.

They feature longer bumpers and small red indicator lights on the quarter panels.

Minor changes for 1991 model years were Toyota (T) ellipse emblem on the grille, all-red tail lights, door-mounted and manual lap front seat belts, and new wheelcovers for DX. Rear garnish was deleted for the Base model. The LE was only available with automatic transmission.

The North American Corolla coupй with retractable headlights was basically a Sprinter Trueno with different front corner lights and longer bumpers. Trim levels are SR5 and GT-S. The GT-S is powered by 4A-GE engine, and comes with full body kits.

Toyota Corolla All-Trac DX wagon

Toyota Corolla All-Trac DX wagon

The four-wheel drive All-trac wagon in Base and SR5 trim levels were sold from 1988 to 1992 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. The Corolla All-trac sedan was sold in very small numbers.

The Geo Prizm shared a slightly different body with the Japan-market Sprinter, and built as sedan and liftback. These models were slightly more basic than their Europe/Japan versions.

American engines:

* 4A-F — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW)

* 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW)

* 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) GT-S

US-market chassis VIN code: The Japanese built has JT2 VIN prefix, the NUMMI made has 1NX VIN prefix and the Cambridge built units have the 2T1 prefix.

* AE92 — Sedan 4-door Std (AE91), DX (AE94), LE (AE97)

* AE92 — Coupй 2-door SR5 (AE96), GT-S (AE98)

* AE9? — FWD wagon 5-door DX (AE94)

* AE95 — 4WD sedan 4-door All-Trac (AE94)

* AE95 — FWD/4WD wagon 5-door Std, DX, All-Trac (AE95)

Europe (1988-1992)

European engines:

* 2E — 1.3 L (1295 cc), 12-valve SOHC, carb, 74 hp (55 kW)

* 4A-F — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW)

* 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW)

* 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) GT-S

* 1C-III — 1.8 L (1839 cc) I4 diesel, OHC, 67 hp (50 kW)

European-market chassis:

* EE90 — 1.3 Sedan 4-door (XL,GL)

* AE92 – 1.6 Sedan 4-door (GL, GLi, XLi)

* AE92 — 1.6 Hatchback 3-door (GT-i)

* Liftback 5-door based on Sprinter sedan (XL, GL, GT)

The European model Corolla 4-door sedan, 3 and 5-door hatchback, and the wagon basically has the front end of the Japan-spec Corolla FX, except for the all white clearance lights and the TOYOTA or the ellipse emblem instead of the FX or GT of the Japanese model. It has the standard side marker lights and the taillight with the integrated rear foglamp (except for the wagon, which has the rear foglamp on the tailgate.) It also has headlight washers on the XL and the XLi models.

Australia (1988-1994)

Australian engines:

* 4A-F — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW) CS, CSX Spirit

* 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW) XL, SR5, CSi, CSi Limited, Olympic Spirit

* 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 135 hp (100 kW) SX GTi

* 6A-FC — 1.4 L (1397 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, narrow valve angle, 81 hp (60 kW) SE

* 7A-FE — 1.8 L (1762 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 115 hp (85 kW) Seca RV Seca Ultima

Australian-market chassis:

* E-90 — Sedan, Hatchback (SE)

* E-92 — Sedan, Hatchback, Seca (CS, CSX, Spirit, SE, SX)

* E-93 — Hatchback, Seca (SX, GTi)

* E-94 — Sedan, Hatchback, Seca (CSi, CSi Limited, Ultima)

* E-95 — Wagon (XL, SR5, CSi, Olympic Spirit)

* E-96 — Seca (RV, Ultima)

Note:

* Liftbacks were referred to as Secas on the Australian market

* All 6th generation Corollas were 4 door on the Australian market

* The Sprinter Carib Wagon was released in mid 1988, Hatchback, Seca Sedan released mid 1989

* SX is generally AE93 although on rare occasions they are found to be AE92R

* The facelift series 2 models were released in October 1992

* 6AFC was only found in SE hatchbacks and early SE Sedans

* 7AFE corollas were AE94 Ultimas in early 1992 and AE96 Ultimas RV’s in late 92 onwards

Toyota Corolla Seventh generation — E100 series — June 1991

The next Corolla (AE10x/EE10x) was larger, heavier, and visually more aerodynamic than the model it replaced, with development chief Dr. Akihiko Saito wanting to develop a ‘mini-Lexus’, after success with that range’s flagship. With its 2465 mm (97 in) wheelbase, the Corolla had moved into the compact size class once occupied by the Toyota Corona and Toyota Camry.

The coupй was dropped for North America, replaced by the Paseo.

The Corolla sedan is nicknamed Great Corolla in Indonesia. Initially the trim levels were 1.3 SE and 1.6 SE-G. The smaller engine model was replaced by 1.6 SE in 1994.

The 1.3 XLi, 1.5 GLi sedan, wagon, and Levin 1.5 SJ coupй were sold in Hong Kong.

In the Philippines, three variants were sold, XL and XE with 1.3-liter carbureted (2E) engines, and the GLi, with a 1.6-liter fuel-injected motor (4A-FE). The top model was offered in both manual and automatic transmissions. The Corolla was also the first 1.6-liter car to introduce 14-inch alloy wheels to the country in 1992.

Other pioneer features that followed were rear seatbelts (late 1994) and a driver’s airbag (late 1995).

Japan (1991-1996)

This model was not as successful compared to previous series due to a rising yen and home-market recession, blunting demand. The standard Corolla model range included the 5 door hatch back and lift back models, 2 door hatch back and the 4 door sedan and station wagon models. Also returning in this model line were the two-door coupйs, the Trueno and the Levin. A 4WD variant of the sedan and station wagon were also available with a 1.6 liter gasoline or 2.0 liter diesel engine.

Minor face lift changes were introduced in May of 1993 these included a new grille, a reconfiguration of the rear lamps and various bits of trim and garnish. Various submodels including the 4-door hardtop Corolla Ceres and Sprinter Marino were also available. They bore no real exterior resemblance but feature the chassis and most of the engine range of the standard Corollas.

Japanese engines:

* 4E-FE — 1.3 L (1331 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 97 ps

* 5E-FE — 1.5 L (1497 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 105 ps

* 5A-FE — 1.5 L (1498 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 105 ps

* 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 115 ps

* 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 cylinder 20v DOHC VVT 160 ps

* 2C — 2.0 L Diesel (1974 cc) I4 cylinder SOHC 73 ps

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