Toyota Corolla (E80) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

25 Jun 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Toyota Corolla (E80) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Toyota Corolla (E80)

The Corolla E80 was the fifth generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla nameplate. It was also sold under the Sprinter nameplate.

Contents

Design [ edit ]

The front-wheel-drive wheelbase was now 95.6 in (2,430#160;mm).

It was the first Corolla to top the New Zealand top-ten lists, ending Ford’s dominance of that market. A shorter hatchback range, called the Corolla FX in Japan and the Corolla Compact in Germany. arrived in October 1984 on the front-wheel-drive platform. [ 1 ] The three- and five-door hatchbacks resembled the Corolla sedan with a truncated rear deck and trunk. Although there was a five-door liftback model of the basic Corolla, the shorter FX hatchback was sold alongside it.

The Corolla FX replaced the Toyota Starlet in North America.

A DOHC 16-valve engine, designated 4A-GE . was added in 1983 on the rear-drive cars. It was a 1.6#160;L (1,587#160;cc) I4 and produced an impressive 124#160;PS (91#160;kW), turning the Levin/Trueno (Japan), Corolla GT coupé (Europe) and Corolla GT-S (North America) into a what was arguably a sports car. [ 2 ] The three-door FWD hatchback was also available with this engine; it was known as the Corolla FX-16 in North America. This engine was also combined with the front-drive transaxle to power the mid-engined Toyota MR-2 .

The Sprinter sports cars, in two-door coupé and three-door liftback forms, were notable for being the line’s first use of pop-up headlamps, which the equivalent Corolla Levin sports models did not have.

Japan [ edit ]

The 1.3 litre 2A engine was replaced by the more modern 12-valve 2E engine along with a May 1985 facelift. The range began with the 1300 Custom DX and ended with the 1600 GT Limited, introduced in June 1986. [ 3 ] The FX hatchback lineup was considered a semi-separate line and received a different nose and different equipment levels than its sedan and liftback counterparts. The 1.3 was not available in the FX, targeted at sportier buyers, until the 2E engine became available. [ 1 ]

Japanese market engines:

2A-LU — 1.3 L I4. 8-valve SOHC. carb. 75#160;PS (55#160;kW) ( AE80 )

2E-LU — 1.3#160;L (1,295#160;cc) I4, 12-valve SOHC. carb ( EE80 )

3A-LU — 1.5 L (1,452#160;cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC. carb. transverse mount. 83#160;PS (61#160;kW) ( AE81 )

3A-U — 1.5 L (1,452#160;cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC. carb. 83#160;PS (61#160;kW) ( AE85 . RWD)

4A-ELU — 1.6 L (1,587#160;cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, EFI. 100#160;PS (74#160;kW) ( AE82 )

4A-GELU — 1.6 L (1,587#160;cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC. EFI. 130#160;PS (96#160;kW) ( AE82 )

4A-GEU — 1.6 L (1,587#160;cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC. EFI. 130#160;PS (96#160;kW) ( AE86 . RWD)

1C-L — 1.8#160;L (1,839#160;cc) I4, diesel, Mechanical Injection ( CE80 )

Japanese market chassis:

AE81 — FWD. 3A-LU engine, 4-door sedan (DX, GL, SE), 5-door liftback (SX), 3/5-door hatchback (Corolla FX)

AE85 — RWD. 3A-U engine, 2-door coupé (Levin SE, Levin GL), 3-door liftback (Levin SR)

AE86 — RWD. 4A-GEU engine, 2-door coupé (Levin GT, Levin GT-APEX), 3-door liftback (Levin GT, Levin GT-APEX)

North America [ edit ]

The American specification was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines. From 1985 to 1988, NUMMI in Fremont, California built a rebadged version of the Sprinter sedan sold by Chevrolet as the Chevrolet Nova. During calendar 1985, Corolla sedans and Sprinter-type 5-door hatchbacks (sold under both Nova and Corolla nameplates) were added, with the Toyota-branded US built cars gradually superseding imports from Japan and Nova hatchbacks being offered from the 1986 model year.

All rear-wheel drive coupé models continued to be imported from Japan, as was the Corolla FX hatchback launched for 1987 and replacing the 3-door AE86. Nova’s successor, the Geo Prizm was another rebadged Corolla selling in the United States from 1989 to 2002.

While all the rear-wheel drive 80-series Corollas were AE86 chassis in North America, the VINs differentiated between the three equipment levels: the DX got AE85, the SR-5 got AE86, and the GT-S received an AE88 VIN.

North American market engines:

North American market chassis:

AE82 — FWD sedan 4-door, hatchback (Std, LE, LE Ltd, SR-5) 3-door (FX/FX16)

AE86 — RWD coupé 2-door, 3-door hatchback coupé (DX and SR-5 with 4A-C, GT-S w/ 4A-GE)

CE80 — FWD sedan 4-door (very rare)

Europe [ edit ]

European market engines:

2A 1.3 L I4. 8-valve SOHC. carb. 69#160;hp (51#160;kW)

4A 1.6 L I4, 8-valve SOHC. carb. 84#160;PS (62#160;kW)

4A-LC 1.6 L I4, 8-valve SOHC. carb. 78#160;PS (57#160;kW) (desmogged version for Sweden and Switzerland) [ 5 ]

4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC. EFI. 116–124#160;PS (85–91#160;kW) (121#160;PS in the hatchback)

1C 1.8 L I4, Diesel, Mechanical Injection, 58#160;PS (43#160;kW)

2E 1.3 L I4, 12-valve SOHC. carb. 75#160;PS (55#160;kW)

European market chassis:

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