The Saab 9-3 Viggen History | Saab History

26 Feb 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on The Saab 9-3 Viggen History | Saab History

The Saab 9-3 Viggen History

Photo #038; Video Saab Automobile

The Saab 9-3 was derived from the SAAB Viggen jet fighter. Viggen The Thunderbolt in Swedish, derived the Norse god Thor#8217;s warhammer

As we know, the 1999 Saab 9-3 began as the Saab 900 Concept in 1995.

It took a whole years later for the engineering of concept coupe to be unveiled to the at the the New York Auto Show in of 1999.

Peter Leonard, of Saab#8217;s SVO team said #8220;we wanted to give the 9-3 a strong individuality, a personality of its own was evident in everything from the styling to the instrumentation. In addition, the car had to the comfort and feel of driving a car. It was a design challenge we relished.#8221;

The Saab 9-3 Viggen#8217;s co-efficient was 0.31, and the feel inside and out of an aircraft cockpit was

The first model year for the Saab Viggen and its body to be manufactured at Saab#8217;s factory in Sweden. then shipped in a controlled, sealed container to Finland for painting and final at the Valmet Automotive plant.

The of the first two years of the Saab 9-3 were appropriately colored in blue#8221;, paying homage to the of the #8220;thunderbolt#8221; name.

That year, the Saab Viggen Academy was created in Road near Saab Automobile former headquarters in Norcross, .

The Saab 9-3 Viggen Coupe on sale with only 400 to Saab dealerships in May of 1999.

The year, Model Year Saab 9-3 Viggen Convertible and versions arrived in showrooms the fall of the same year. a limited number of 2,500 9-3 Viggen models were produced annually for a global

The Saab 9-3 Viggen model until model year when it ended due to the production of the 9-3 body style ending.

The 900 Concept Coupe was the prototype for the 9-3 Viggen as we know it back in a full four years to the public seeing it at auto and also available in dealerships the world.

The Viggen has to be without the best example of a spiritual to one of SAAB#8217;s aircraft, the SAAB Viggen, given that it was in and theory 100% #8220;born jets#8221;.

Here is the original release in full outlining the beginning with a video:

For Release Contact: Elke Kevin Smith

1999 9-3 VIGGEN — SUMMARY

SAAB ALL-NEW, LIMITED EDITION 9-3 FOR ENTHUSIASTS WITH A PASSION FOR POWER

Aircraft-inspired Viggen Saab enthusiasts with a taste for torque Norcross, GA Saab made its U.S. at the New York Auto Show in the of 1956. It was there that exhibited its first high sports car ”the Sonett Sport prototype, a race-bred still revered by Saab today. Since then, has continued to develop limited performance legends, cars the aerodynamic 900 Turbo SPG and 9000 which combined full-boost engines, sport suspension and with an aggressive stance.

Almost exactly 43 years Saab unveils an even exclusive performance-bred Saab at the New York International Auto ”the all-new Saab 9-3 Coupe. The Viggen name and honors the most agile and Saab fighter jet ever the Saab 37 Viggen, renowned for its technology and design.

Designed as an advanced multi-purpose aircraft, the jet was capable of performing diverse such as interceptor, strike, and training duties equally Equally versatile, the earth-bound 9-3 Viggen is designed to deliver the thrust of Saab turbo while retaining traditional character traits, including safety features.

Featuring the level of performance in a Saab the Saab 9-3 Viggen carries on the of its #8220;hot rod#8221; predecessor#8217;s like the 900 Turbo SPG that blended muscular acceleration modified suspension and aerodynamic refinements. This unmistakable character makes the 9-3 Viggen one of the most entertaining front drive automobiles. With 225 at 5,500 rpm, and impressive of 252 Ib.-ft. available at just rpm through 4,000 rpm, the of a 9-3 Viggen will quickly with the level of thrust to Saab 37 Viggen jet fighter

Saab#8217;s highly modified and 2.3L four-cylinder engine, by Saab#8217;s own Trionic T7 engine system, resonates with high output turbo and provides exceptional overtaking The art and science of turbocharged performance has raised another notch by The 9-3 Viggen#8217;s engine is 12% more at producing horsepower per liter of displacement than the new 1999 911 Carrera. More importantly, the is a full 44% more eficient at lb.-ft. of torque per liter of

displacement.

As with the Viggen jet the new 9-3 Viggen Coupe has the structural to support and enable its performance To harness the Viggen#8217;s power and it properly, a new sports suspension of springs, dampers, anti-roll and steering rack mounts has developed. Transferring the Viggen#8217;s to the pavement are 17#8243;x7.5#8243; light wheels with P215/45R17#8243; low Z-speed rated high tires.

In developing the Viggen jet one of its key attributes had to be the ability to land and in short distances to make use of highway bases if necessary. ability was equally critical to the of the 9-3 Viggen. Front ventilated are over three-quarters of an inch in diameter and new, larger calipers with larger are employed to haul down the from any speed.

All four have machined grooves for cooling to ensure repeated stops in demanding driving

With the.higher performance of the 9-3 Viggen Coupe, aerodynamics a crucial role as well. exterior styling enhancements to the Viggen reduce aerodynamic by 8% (to a 0.31 coeficient of drag), and lift forces over the wheels by 60% for superb road and high speed stability. the owner of a Saab 9-3 Viggen informed and in complete control are new seats which provide lateral support and driver

The Saab 9-3 Viggen was developed by Saab Automobile AB#8217;s Vehicles Operations team and the England-based TNR Group. The TNR Group is by Tom Walkinshaw, whose extensive background has evolved the company one of Europe#8217;s

foremost design and houses, specializing in high-performance The 9-3 Viggen Coupe#8217;s body continue to be manufactured at Saab#8217;s in Trollhattan, Sweden, then in a climate controlled, sealed to Uusikaupunki, Finland for painting and assembly at the Valmet Automotive

Only a limited number of Saab Viggen models be produced annually for worldwide Saab 9-3 Viggen Coupe on sale in very limited at selected U.S. dealers in May Model year 2000 9-3 Viggen Convertible and 5-door arrive in showrooms during the of 1999.

1999 SAAB 9-3 #8211; DRIVETRAIN

SAAB 9-3 POTENT TURBO AND TORQUE MAKES EVERYDAY DRIVING A EXPERIENCE

With 252 lb.-ft. of on tap, the 9-3 Viggen has all the right Norcross, GA ” Saab#8217;s new high turbocharged 2.3L 9-3 Viggen is even more fun than a simulator, thanks to its impressive and torque combination. Starting the engine block from the 9-5 replacing key internal components and a larger turbocharger, Saab#8217;s development team has endowed the with the ultimate expression of turbo power.

As with all company engineers prioritized the torque output rather horsepower. Saab#8217;s engine focuses on the force that mass moving, a solution delivers excellent acceleration and performance from an efficient, displacement powerplant. With at 5,500 rpm, and impressive of 252 Ib.-ft. available from rpm all the way through 4,000 rpm, torque is on tap for 30% of the useable power This leading mid-range makes the new 9-3 Viggen one of the world#8217;s entertaining front

wheel automobiles. More importantly, it the pilot of a Viggen power on for safe, fast and decisive to avoid potentially dangerous

To put the Viggen#8217;s power into consider the following: The 9-3 Viggen#8217;s is 12% more efficient at producing per liter of engine displacement a 1999 Porsche 911 Carrera. importantly, the Viggen is a full 44% efficient at producing Ib.-ft. of per liter of engine displacement. To the front tires to cope the amount of torque available, torque is electronically limited in gear to 184 Ib.-ft. and in second to 243 lb.-ft.

The incredible power of the Viggen#8217;s engine is primarily to the larger turbocharger, which maximum boost pressure of 1.4 or a full 20 psi, and assisted by restrictive air intake pipes and a new system. Saab#8217;s engineers ensured engine integrity high boost levels. All turbochargers, the Viggen#8217;s included, been oil and water-cooled since

Reinforced alloy pistons strengthened gudgeon pins are To alleviate any heat concerns for the in such a highly boosted oil cooling jets at the

base of the near the crankshaft, spray oil at the of each piston for cooling. To that the valves live the heat, intake valves are hlled and exhaust valves are out of a special high-tech alloy Nimonic. Nimonic is an alloy very high nickel making it extremely resistant to

This material is commonly in aircraft components that are to high pressure and temperature, as the exhaust nozzles in jet engines. The highly modified and responsive is the first 9-3 to be controlled by Saab#8217;s own T7 engine management system the 9-5 series. The brain of Trionic T7 is a microprocessor, capable of making two calculations per second.

Trionic is so it simultaneously controls fuel ignition timing and turbo pressure on all 9-3s, as well as the fly electronic throttle on the Viggen and all With the inclusion of electronic control from T7, as the driver the accelerator pedal, it turns the position sensor located in the body.

The computer reads as a request for torque and then the throttle motor to turn the plate until its position value corresponds with the value. Turbo boost is also increased, if necessary, as amounts of torque are requested. The advantage of electronic throttle is that

it overcomes the added that#8217;s present when a larger turbocharger.

It does so by more torque from the than the driver has actually Kenth Johansson, one of Saab#8217;s development engineers, explains: accelerating, a driver is actually for more air speed, and consequently torque. However, the larger is still governed by the laws of so there is a delay.

We have that delay by controlling the more precisely and by keeping in the turbo wastegate as low as possible. We the Trionic T7 computer to manipulate the position #8211; opening it than the driver has requested — so the can reach the driver#8217;s requested level more quickly. an electronic slight of hand, but the end is what matters: torque on

for the driver.#8221; — Another advantage of new Trionic T7 engine management is the consistency of turbo efficiency, at low or high altitudes. The Viggen#8217;s output turbo delivers the maximum 252 lb.-ft. of torque sea level all the way up to 9,750 feet. A air pressure sensor sends to the Trionic computer indicating the level in front of the throttle.Denser air a smaller throttle angle, so is adjusted automatically to the ambient achieving maximum torque as as possible.

The tremendous power and available from the Viggen is transferred to the pavement via an upgraded assembly, larger diameter — driveshafts and strengthened CV joints. The Saab 9-3 Viggen, like its jet namesake, is designed to deliver the thrust of Saab turbo while retaining traditional character traits.

1999 9-3 VIGGEN #8211; CHASSIS

UPGRADED SUSPENSION, TIRES AND THE 9-3 VIGGEN SPORTS THE AGILITY OF ITS JET NAMESAKE

Chassis enhancements 9-3 Viggen both sports and touring composure Norcross, GA Underneath the exclusive Lightening aerodynamic shape, the new Saab 9-3 Coupe is endowed with the soul and the systems to maximize its capabilities. To harness all of the Viggen’s power and direct it properly, an new Saab sports suspension of springs, dampers, anti-roll and steering rack mounts has developed.

Working with engineers Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR), Special VehicleOperations (SVO) optimized the suspension elements to crisp handling and maximum while maintaining ride for comfortable long drives. comfort was achieved by shortening the at all four corners by only maintaining a good amount of travel with the 17#8243; and tires. Visually, the Viggen#8217;s is substantially lower, courtesy of the Viggen aerodynamic package, ride height is maintained 10mm taller wheels

and The larger diameter wheel and package fills the wheel more fully, enhancing the more aggressive stance of the

To coordinate the balance of the suspension the improved aerodynamic balance of the the rear springs were over 25% while the front were stiffened only 5%. spring rates, along the recalibrated valving of the dampers, the initial body roll on in, while still allowing a level of ride comfort at

Optimizing the anti-roll bars the rest of the suspension, the rear bar is unchanged at 26mm diameter the front bar diameter was reduced to 24mm, to improve traction accelerating out of corners. Transferring the 9-3 prodigious power to the pavement are light alloy wheels 215/45 x 17#8243; low profile rated high performance

The Dunlop SP Sport 2000 were developed in conjunction Dunlop to match the suspension of the 9-3 Viggen. #8220;We#8217;re very with the resuIts,#8221; says Wernstahl, Saab chassis for the 9-3 Viggen. #8220;The sidewalls are enough to provide the ride we were looking for, and the compound generates the traction to match the Viggen#8217;s sharpened characteristics.#8221; ln developing the Saab 37 jet fighter, one of its key attributes had to be the ability to and stop in short distances to use of Sweden#8217;s highway bases if Stopping ability was equally to the development of the 9-3 Viggen.

The larger wheels enabled Saab to larger brakes and provide capabilities to match the Viggen#8217;s potential. The new front ventilated rotors are over three-quarters of an larger in diameter (12.13#8243; 11.34#8243; on the standard 9-3s), and with larger calipers new brake pads of increased area. Coordinating the balance of braking potential with the tuning and aerodynamic package, rotors and calipers are the same as the standard 9-3 models. All four incorporate the use of grooves machined the rotor surfaces to improve #8220;bite#8221; and provide better for repeated fade-free stops in driving

situations.

The Viggen incorporates the use of a larger brake cylinder with a twin brake booster to provide inspiring brake pedal As with all Saabs, Electronic Force Distribution (EBD) and a channel Anti-lock Braking are incorporated as well. Stiffer

steering rack mount were developed and incorporated to the pilot of the 9-3 Viggen more and direct steering feel.

SAAB 9-3 VIGGEN #8211; DESIGN

EXCEPTIONAL AERODYNAMICS, LINK BETWEENSAAB 9-3 VIGGEN AND ITS JET NAMESAKE

Form follows in development of aerodynamic enhancements for new Norcross, GA ” Nowhere is the connection the Saab 9-3 Viggen and its namesake, the 37 Viggen jet fighter stronger in their exceptional aerodynamics. At form hasalways followed and that philosophy is again in the aerodynamic elements of the 9-3 Viggen. chief designer, Einar doesn#8217;t compromise this tradition. He believes that aerodynamics should be an inherent of all Saabs, and that #8220;any to

the aerodynamics should have a rather than simply cosmetic.#8221; The 9-3 Viggen#8217;s aggressive spoiler, rocker panel rear bumper cover and wing aren#8217;t just â” they serve a purpose. integrated into the already shape of the Saab 9-3, elements give the Viggen improved aerodynamic properties.

The coefficient of drag (Cd) has decreased a full 8% to 0.31 Cd, and chief aerodynamic engineer, Danielsson, has also reduced forces at the rear wheels by Instrumental in decreasing the Viggen#8217;s to 0.31 Cd is the deep front and pronounced rocker panel The front spoiler pushes of the airflow at the front of the Viggen the surface of the body rather allowing it underneath.

The integrated panels contain and channel airflow there is under the rather than allow it to from the sides. When the and directed underbody airflow at the rear it properly integrates the airflow off the rear wing. together to reduce drag elements not only improve the stability at speed, but also both wind noise and consumption.

However, the advantages of such an aggressive front do present another challenge. airflow over the car adds to the forces at the rear of the car, can have a destabilizing effect heavy braking from speeds. To counter this the rear wing

was designed to reduce lift forces at the and regain the front/rear balance of the

To optimize the overall aerodynamic and particularly the rear wing, designers spent many in wind tunnels with 1:5 and 1:3 models before testing full-scale Viggens. Six full-scale were carried out at the Motor Research Association (MIRA) in Nuneaton, England, before verification was completed at the Research for Automotive Technology (FKFS) in Stuttgart, Germany. #8220;We FKFS as our reference tunne|,#8221; Danielsson, #8220;because it is state-of-the-art and accurate.

FKFS also us the ability to perform tests up to 155 mph MIRA is limited to 80 mph. with a high performance car the 9-3 Viggen, everything must be at high speed â” but the FKFS simply conhrmed the MIRA were very good.#8221; The end was a 60% reduction in lift forces the standard 9-3#8242;s coefficient of (CI) of 0.15 to an amazingly low Cl for the Viggen.

The Saab 37 Viggen#8217;s delta design provides the lift and necessary to enable this jet tighter to perform its airborne In contrast, the inverted rear designed for the 9-3 Viggen, with surface area on top than on the keeps the earthbound Viggen planted on the ground by creating an of low pressure beneath the wing.

brings back the desired balance, providing greater speed stability and a more response to hard braking, the 9-3 Viggen from #8220;nose during high speed Balance is the key, not only for 37 Viggen jet Fighter pilots, but for pilots of the new, low flying 9-3 Viggen automobile.

1999 9-3 VIGGEN#8217;S INTERIOR DESIGN

SAAB 9-3 VIGGEN COCKPIT SUPERIOR DRIVER CONTROL

9-3 drivers in control with ergonomics and supportive sport Norcross, GA #8211; Like the of a Saab 37 Viggen jet tighter, the of the Saab 9-3

Viggen is designed to superior driver ergonomics. The seat is positioned in the Viggen#8217;s to enable full control of all The Viggen exclusive light-gray fascia is slightly curved the driver with all controls and logically grouped in order of

All components and switches are black so stand out from the light panel and are easier to tind at a Interior door handles are so they can easily be located in the The 9-3 Viggen is also equipped Saab#8217;s Night Panel another direct influence of ergonomics.

Night Panel the driver to turn off potentially lights and instruments with a switch, improving visibility. is then displayed on a need-to-know

Starting with the Viggen#8217;s stainless steel doorsill with Viggen logo, element of the car#8217;s interior is of its high performance character. The seats, unique to the Viggen, a raised and extended center cushion for excellent thigh and pronounced seat side for lateral support during driving. #8220;l#8217;m particularly with the seats,#8221; says Jan Saab’s engineer responsible for the interior. #8220;I really our engineering partner ” Tom Walkinshaw (TWR) ” was able to utilize extensive racing experience in the of these very supportive What#8217;s even more to the Viggen buyer,#8221; adds #8220;is that the seats the use of the existing 9-3 seat frames. By so we have been able to the existing Saab safety into the seats ” such as the and chest protecting dual-stage airbags and the Saab Active Restraint (SAHR) system.#8221;

leather treatments complete the environment of the cockpit. All 1999 9-3 Viggens have Rocky leather seat upholstery textured Deep Blue inserts to match the unique Blue exterior paint. The portion of the seatbacks, front and feature embossed Viggen emblems representative of the delta-wing found on the Saab37 Viggen jet plane.

The textured Deep leather trim carries to the door panel inserts as and a Viggen specific leather sport steering wheel, shift knob and shift gaiter complete the interior

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