The History of Volvo 740

29 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on The History of Volvo 740

The History Of Volvo 740

The Volvo 700 and 900 are two ranges of mid-size car manufactured by Cars in the 1980s and 1990s. The 700 was introduced in 1982, followed in by the 900 series. The 700, designed by Jan was originally to have been a for the 200 series, but production of that continued.

The most visible between the 700 and the 900 series were the rounded corners on the body of the and a somewhat better-appointed interior. The 960 was revised for the 1995 model improving the handling. The range was augmented and finally supplanted by the 850 in 1993, with the last of the being sold in 1998.

900 series were built as for ambulances and hearses after the production run had been completed.

The 760 was attempt to cement a place in the market, after building a for being solid and safe than out-and-out luxurious Jan Wilsgaard, head of Volvo’s and Styling team, proposed 50 new designs for the new car. It was introduced to the US in for the 1983 model year as the 760 GLE This new design was criticized by the when released: Gordon of Autocar Magazine said, To me obscene!

That goes against the grain of what else is trying to do. To me it looks a European version of a North car. It produces the same of power as a 2600 or 3500 — in day and age it disgusts me to see something about that. It’s a definite backwards.

All that changed when Autocar and Car Driver got hands on a turbo intercooled they said it was one of the best and fastest accelerating cars had seen in a while, thundering 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in under 8

Turbocharged and intercooled variants added in 1984, station variants and the 740 – the 760’s lower-specification – were introduced for the 1985 year. In 1985 Electronic Control system was introduced. For the model year, the 760 received updates.

From the outside, the noticeable of the over 2,000 were the revised front including an aluminium hood, windscreen wipers, and new aerodynamic Inside, all 760s were with a new electronic climate (ECC), a revised dashboard, tilt steering, and a new stereo Underneath, sedans received the multi-link independent rear that was used on the 780.

Along with the revised the interior saw the addition of a revised light and many fabric pieces.

The Volvo 760 was also as a police car in several countries. German dictator Erich also often used Volvo in his governmental car pool.

For its year of production, 1990, 760 received tail lights in the of the Volvo 780 (see below), and interior changes. The 760 was discontinued the 1990 model year production ending on 27 June and was replaced by the Volvo 960, an update of the 760 chassis. The Volvo 740 the 760, remaining for another two

All 760s were built in Sweden.

During a challenge on the television motoring series top the team are given a challenge to fully legal cars road tax and a valid M.O.T.) for than £100, presenter clarkson purchased a Volvo 760 and won the overall challenge, mainly his car cost only £1, and was the only car working after a 30mph crash they had at the end!

in the U.S. for the 1985 model the 740 was a more simply equipped of the Volvo 760. The 740 was intended to be a car that offered more performance, and luxury than the 200 series.

In the U.S. the 740 was offered 1985 to 1992 as a 4-door (known internally as the 744) and a station wagon (known as the 745). Production of the 740 ceased in though the engine, transmission, and other details lived on in the 940 (see below), which was a re-skinned 740. Though out of for close to 15 years, the majority of cars are still on the road thanks to robust construction and known to run for hundreds of thousands of

In 1990 the 740 received a minor with new composite headlamps and tail lights. In 1991, the 740 and the newly introduced 940 received an dashboard, similar in appearance to the found in the 760. The 740 remained unchanged for the 1992 model and was phased out in 1993 in favour of the 940.

Aside from styling, marked a number of mechanical to the 740 series. The B230 motor larger 13mm (0.5in) rods. The 740 Turbo switched the Garrett T3-series turbocharger to the TD04 series, offering spool-up and better low-RPM at the expense of top-end performance.

The system was upgraded from LH-Jetronic 2.2 to 2.4 (in 1988 for naturally cars, 1990 for Turbo The newer fuel system onboard diagnostics, which are accessible from under the and require no special equipment. In the final year for the 740, the engine cooling fan was replaced an electric fan.

In short, of the mechanical lackings of the 1985-89 were ironed out in the 1990-92 years. The 1990-92 Volvo cars may very well one of the most reliable 4-door sedans of its era due to a limited number of limitations and solid build

Trim levels were GL, GLE and GLT Continental markets had some to this rule. The most exception was perhaps the 740 Turbo 16v only in Italy. This car the B204FT engine found in the 780 on the same market and it came some unusual extras as the ECC from the 760.

The Volvo 780 touring coupé made its at the International Auto Show in Switzerland in 1985. It marked the of a two-door 2+2 seater coupe to the stable after a four-year following the departure of the 262C in The 780 became available in Europe in and would come to the United a year later.

Like its the 780 was designed and built by Carrozzeria in Turin, Italy. However, the Volvo 262C, the 780 was not merely a 760 with a chop top roof. gave the 780 its own distinctive shape set it apart from the other yet was still identifiable as a Volvo. The car had a low profile, inheriting some of the of the other 700 series cars, but many of the severe angles and corners.

The hood, trunk, and lines were all slightly than the standard 700 series and the C-pillar was wider and had a more slope down to the trunk. was improved over the 262C, due to mere 1 cm lowering of the roofline. frames all had black matte and were accented with

Chrome also highlighted the handles, bumpers, and side

In the first two years the 780 was available (’86 and ’87) the 780 was available the B280F V6 engine and a solid rear axle. In the following they came equipped Volvo’s independent rear which used self-leveling shocks, to keep ride correct.

Many people to take note of the relatively powerplant that the 780 had. The at this point had roughly (110kW), but the car itself was nearly pounds. To address concerns performance, Volvo introduced the a B230FT with Volvo’s controller, Turbo+, increasing the output to 175hp (130kW). The model year saw it increase to (140kW).

In Italy, 780s with the B204GT. This was a 16 Turbo motor producing (150kW). In the car’s finale 1991, it was rebadged simply as

At this point, the car came in turbo guise.

Volvo’s production total for the 780 is 8,518 built between 1986 and However, this number has been disputed as different have often estimated the total to be higher. As before, a would remain absent Volvo’s model line for years, until the front-wheel C70 was premiered in 1995 for the following year.

Total production was than 9,521 worldwide, but the total production is still 5,695 were imported to the US.

The 940 is among the last in the long-running of large rear-wheel drive from Volvo. Introduced in the 940 was essentially a cosmetic reskinning of the All drivetrains, and most options in the 940 had been available in the 740. The 940 was closely related to the 740 than the sharing the same dashboard, choices, and sheet metal the A-pillar forward.

In contrast, the 960 was an of the 760. The 760 / 960 front sheet independent rear suspension, and other interior features all exclusive to the two upscale models.

In the States, the 1991 940 was offered in versions: the 940GLE used a 16-valve version of the 2.3-litre with a 6000 rpm redline. The 940 used a turbocharged 2.3-litre and the top-end 940SE (turbo) body-coloured trim, and the premium (leather, power seats/moonroof, as standard equipment.

In 1992, the 940 GLE was downgraded with a 114 bhp 4-cylinder engine and sold as the 940 GL (or 940 in some export markets). The 940 SE was in such a fashion that it was a 960 sold as the 940 SE, but the 940 Turbo remained unchanged. Production of the 940 series in 1998.

Transmission Reduction

Source: 1991 Volvo 940 Manual

For 1995, the 960 underwent changes.

Autumn 1990 saw the of the Volvo 960, in time for the model year. This was the for the 760. The 1991 960 was an evolutionary of the 1990 760. The most change was that, in most the 960 was offered with an all-new 24-valve DOHC inline engine.

Some markets, as Australia, saw 1991 960s with the same V6 engine, the that had powered the 1990 The 1992 model year saw the introduction of a 960 with the DOHC engine. In Italy, the 960 was sold the 16v 2-litre turbo for the model 1991.

The 960 received further changes for the 1992, 1993, and model years. Most were the new more shapely and redesigned seat-belts with pretensioners for 1992. 1993 saw a new ergonomic shifter, and 1994 saw the of dual front airbags in markets.

The opaque sunroof was by a sliding sunshade and glass

Most obvious was the more front end, and more coloured panels. Underneath, the suspension was completely retooled to closely match that of the Indeed, 1995 to 1998 are able to use the same wheels as and newer front-wheel drive models. The rear suspension was a redesigned multi-link independent Instead of conventional coil Volvo used a single fibreglass leaf spring.

The 960 station wagon marked the time ever that equipped one of its rear-wheel drive wagons with an independent suspension. Included in the suspension Boge’s self-levelling rear system, the Nivomat, became an rather than standard

Production of the 960 ended in 1998, the 1998 model year renamed as the Volvo S90/Volvo Some 1997 model vehicles were branded S90 or V90 as

The 1992-94 Volvo 960s built in Kalmar, Sweden. The first Volvo 960 for the US-market off the assembly line on August 12, as a 1992 model. The 1995 to 960s were built in Sweden.

The first 1995 960 was built on 27, 1994.

All US cars were with an electronically controlled AW-series automatic transmission. in the 1995 model year, cars with the 2.5L were also available a manual transmission, the so-called a strong new design that was from the Volvo 850’s With the demise of the 2.5L the M90 was paired with a detuned of the 3.0L engine.


in 1985, the 740 and 760 models were in both saloon and estate

North American model


These engines offered on US-spec 700 and 900 series

B23FT: 2.3 L inline-4, turbocharged

2.3 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, 114 hp 740GLE, ’89-90 740GL, 740)

B234F: 2.3 L 16-valve, inline-4, naturally aspirated, 153 hp 740 GLT)

B230FT: 2.3 L inline-4, 160 hp (’85-92 740 Turbo **NOTE: models produced 162 hp**)

2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated, odd fire (’82-86)

B280F: 2.8 L V6, naturally even fire crankshaft

D24T: 2.4 L inline-6, turbodiesel, (80kW), variant of the LT35 manufactured by Volkswagen.

D24TIC: 2.4 L turbodiesel, intercooled, 124hp variant of the LT35 engine by Volkswagen.

B6304: 3.0 L straight-6, aspirated

Other engines in other markets include:

(offered for the ’84 model only)

B23E: 2.3 L inline-4, aspirated, Bosch K-Jetronic injection (’84)

B23ET: 2.3 L turbocharged, utilizing Bosch engine management (’84)

2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated, carburated

B28E: 2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated, K-Jetronic, high output

B200F: 2.0 L inline-4, naturally Bosch LH-Jetronic 111hp

B200K: 2.0 L inline-4, naturally Renix ignition, 200K had head unlike 230K for the ’85 model year)

2.0 L inline-4, turbocharged, Bosch engine management (introduced for the model year)

B200FT: 2.0 L turbocharged, Bosch LH-Jetronic (116kW)

B204E: 2.0 L 16-valve, inline-4, naturally aspirated for the ’89 model year)

B204FT: 2.0 L 16-valve, DOHC, turbocharged (introduced for the ’89 year)

B204GT: 2.0 L 16-valve, inline-4, turbocharged (introduced for the model year)

B230A: 2.3 L naturally aspirated, carburated

B230E: 2.3 L inline-4, naturally Bosch K-Jetronic fuel (introduced in the ’85 model

B230K: 2.3 L inline-4, naturally Renix ignition, Heron (introduced for the ’85 model

B230ET: 2.3 L inline-4, turbocharged, Motronic (introduced in the ’85 year)

B230FK: 2.3 L inline-4, Low Pressure Turbo (’95-)

2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated (introduced in the model year)

B230FB: 2.3 L naturally aspirated. available in 940

2.4 L straight-6, naturally aspirated

2.5 L straight-6 24v, naturally


Volvo offered transmissions depending on the year/model/engine including the:

M46 manual (4-speed + Laycock de Normanville

M47 manual transmission (5-speed)

M90 transmission (5-speed)

AW30-40 controlled automatic transmission lockup torque converter)

automatic transmission (3-speed + lockup torque converter on models)

AW71 automatic (3-speed + overdrive)

AW72L transmission (4-speed, lockup converter)

ZF4HP22 automatic (4-speed, lockup torque


There were different suspension combinations on the model chosen:

1030: rear axle

1031: version of the 1030

1041: axle with Eaton mechanism

SE models

Later in Volvo offered a sedan and badged the 740 SE. The 740 SEs, along the 740 Turbo sedan, were discontinued for 1992. The SE badge was in one of the more confusing badges. In the US, the 940 SE was in a 960 Turbo with the four-cylinder engine, the 940 SE badge presumably by Volvo in order to maintain the between name and number of

In Sweden, the 940 SE was an ordinary non-turbo 940 some optional extras as most notably painted and bumpers. In the UK, the 940 SE was a 2-litre Turbo some extras as standard specifically at the company car market as engines receive a tax benefit.

Tagged as:

Other articles of the category "Volvo":

Our partners
Follow us
Contact us
Our contacts

Born in the USSR


About this site

For all questions about advertising, please contact listed on the site.

Car Catalog with specifications, pictures, ratings, reviews and discusssions about cars