The History of BMW 316

20 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on The History of BMW 316
BMW 316

The History Of BMW 316

The BMW 3 Series is an entry-level car/compact executive car manufactured by the automaker BMW since May 1975. to the 2002 coupe, it has been in five different generations and in no than five different styles. It is BMW’s best automobile, accounting for nearly 40% of the auto sales in 2005.

BMW its E21 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis, customers seeking both and economy, nearly doubling worldwide auto sales in three years, and winning automotive world awards and Three decades later, the 3 E46 was the best-selling of its class,as commonplace in and America as in Europe, while its prestigious brand and image.

The 3 has also maintained BMW’s heritage. The M version of the 3 series, M3, in the 1980. Marketed as a daily and a track ready race M3’s popularity as a sports raised customer awareness of the 3 brand.[citation needed]

3 Series can be largely differentiated by the underlying

BMW E21 – (1975–1983) 3 Series

BMW E30 (1984–1994) 3 Series

BMW E36 – 3 Series

BMW E46 – (1999–2006) 3

BMW E90 – (2005–) 3 Series

BMW E91 – (2006-) 3 Series

BMW E92 – (2007-) 3 Series

BMW E93 – (2007-) 3 Series

Main article: BMW E21

The E21 line was from May 2, 1975 (1977 in the through 1983. Originally a for the 2002 coupe, the first was a 2-door model only. The New sedans would be replaced by the 5

A factory authorised cabrio was built by Baur.



1981-1983 315 – 1.6L M41 I4, (55kW)

1975-1979 316 – M41 I4, 90PS (66kW)

1980-1983 316 1.8L M10B18 I4, 90PS

1975-1980 318 – 1.8L M42 I4, (72kW)

1979-1983 318i 1.8L M42 I4, 105PS (77kW)

320/4 – 2.0L M64 I4, (80kW)

1975-1979 320i 2.0L M10B20 I4, 125PS

1979-1982 320/6 – M20B20 I6, 122PS (90kW)

323i – 2.3L I6, 143PS (105kW)

for the rest of

1976-1979 320i – M43/1 I4, 110hp (82kW)

1980-1983 320i – M42 I4, 100hp (75kW)

Main BMW E30

The E30 was sold from 1982 1991 in sedan form, 1993 in convertible form. The introductory price of US$18,210 was double that of the E21 just 7 earlier, but the availability of a six cylinder and 4-door body style (in earned sales. The torquey eta six in the produced 121hp (90kW), but met the emission standards of the time.

The E30 was the powerful compact BMW offered in the States since the 2002

The lineup was joined in 1985 by the 325i and 325is. Though the displacement was reduced to 2.5L, was up to 168hp (125kW) as the company on performance rather than The rev limit for the new motor was raised 5000 rpm to 6500 rpm, as a … was employed with the new

The 325is was an upgrade from the 325i, as some new features added to the car as standard. These the full electrics package, BMW seats, black roof-liner, BMW II body kit, BMW 14 inch BBS and a Close Ratio gearbox. features also found on the were options, however time, some have mistaken for standard features. options include a Limited Differential (LSD), leather sunroof and BMW 15 inch BBS wheels.

differed on vehicles produced in the States.

An all wheel drive the 325ix, joined the lineup for The four-cylinder 318 was dropped in 1985, but was back with a new, DOHC motor (M42B18) for

In the end of 1987, BMW introduced the touring of the E30. It was very popular its production up to 1994. It was available a 1.6, 1.8, 2.0 or 2.5 liter and also 2.4 liter turbo

The 325ix touring was equipped 4WD.

The most powerful BMW E30 in 1989 came in the form of the M3. It a 192hp (143kW) S14 straight-4 a 4-valve head adapted the M88 six and Bosch fuel injection.

1982-1987 316 – 1.6 L M98 I4, 90 hp (66 kW)

1982-1990 316 1.8 1.8 L M10B18 I4, 90 hp (66 kW)

1987-1993 316i 1.6 L M40B16 I4, 102 hp (75 kW)

1982-1987 318i 1.8 L M10B18 I4, 105 hp (77 kW)

1987-1993 318i – 1.8 L I4, 115 hp (85 kW)

1989-1991 318is – 1.8 L I4, 136 hp (100 kW)

1982-1985 320i 2.0 L M20B20 I6, 125 hp (92 kW)

1985-1991 320i 2.0 L M20B20 I6, 129 hp (95 kW)

1988-1990 320is 2.0 L S14 I4, 192 hp (141 kW)

1982-1986 323i 2.3 L M20B23 I6, 150 hp (110 kW)

1985-1991 – 2.5 L M20B25 I6, 170 hp (125 kW)

325iX – 2.5 L M20B25 I6, 170 hp kW)

1986-1988 M3 – 2.3 L S14 I4, 200 hp (147 kW)

M3 Evo – 2.5 L S14 I4, 215 hp (158 kW)

1985-1991 – 2.4 L M21 I6, 86 hp (63 kW)

1987-1991 324td 2.4 L M21 I6, 115 hp (85 kW)

Other markets:

1984-1985 – 1.8 L M10B18 I4, 101 hp (75 kW) – America

1991 318iS 1.8 L M42B18 I4, 134 hp (100 kW) – America

1984-1991 325e 2.7 L M20B27 I6, 121 hp (90 kW) – North

1986-1991 325es – 2.7 L I6, 121 hp (90 kW) – North America

325i/is – 2.5 L M20B25 I6, 168 hp kW) – North America

325ix – 2.5 L M20B25 I6, 168 hp kW) – North America

M3 – 2.3 L S14 I4, 192 hp (143 kW) – America

1984-1990 333i 3.2 L M30 I6, 197 hp (145 kW) – South

1989-1991 325iS – 2.7 L, 197 hp kW) – South Africa

325iS – 2.7 L, 210 hp (155 kW) South Africa

Main BMW E36

Also known as the Dolphin needed] The E36 was sold from through 1999. It employed the multilink suspension in the rear had been proven in the Z1. DOHC were used widely the range, with VANOS valve timing introduced in

The four-door E36 was sold from 1991 but the E30 coupes were until well into The E36 convertible was delayed until The hatchback 318ti Compact was in 1995, was not very popular in and even less successful in America[citation needed].

The Compact was to the regular E36 sedan from bumper to A-Pillar. Everything was unique, namely its rear arm suspension, based on the old E30, of the Z-Axle Multilink employed in all E36’s. The Z3 and M Coupe have rear suspension setups as

The Touring station wagon was in Europe from 1995.

The M50B25 used in the 325i was replaced in 1996 with the M52B28, creating the 328i A less powerful 2.5L the M52B25 was sold as 323i than 325i.

The 4-door 3 models were replaced 1998 in the US, while the 2-door lasted through 1999.


1991-1995 316i 1.6L M40B18 I4, 100PS

1995-1999 316i – M43B16 I4, 102PS (75kW)

318i – 1.8L I4, 115PS (85kW)

1992-1995 – 1.8L M42B18 I4, (103kW)

1995-2000 318iS/ti 1.9L M44B19 I4, 140PS

1991-1994 320i – M50B20 I6, 150PS (110kW)

320i – 2.0L I6, 150PS (110kW)

1995-2000 – 2.5L M52B25 I6, (125kW)

1991-1995 325i 2.5L M50B25 I6, 192PS

1995-2000 328i – M52B28 I6, 193PS (142kW)

M3 – 3.0L S50B30 I6, (210kW)

1995-2000 M3 – S50B32 I6, 321PS (236kW)

320td – 1.9L I4, 136PS (100kW)

1994-2000 – 1.7L M41D17 I4, (66kW)

1994-1999 325td 2.5L M51D25 I6, 115PS

US-only engines

1995 M3 3.0L S50B30US I6, 240hp

1996-1999 M3 – 3.2L I6, 240hp (179kW)

Main BMW E46

The E46 chassis began to replace the E36 for 1998. Only the 4-door were updated that The E36 coupé and touring models one more year until the E46 arrived for model year

The 2.8L cars were 328 while 2.5L cars got the 323 name. The new M54 engines appeared for with the new 3.0L 330 replacing the BMW renamed the 2.5L car the 325. in 2001, the compact 3-door appeared on the European market, but it was in 2004 by the 1 series. During the half of 2005 the E46 sedan and were phased out in favour of the new

The E46 coupé and convertible remained in well into 2006. The E46 Convertible used a Ci, standing for instead of just i. The E46 all-wheel-drive cars used the xi designation to the cars included BMW’s system


Europe and other

1998-2001 316i – M43TUB19, 105PS (77kW)

316i – 1.8L 115PS (85kW)

1998-2001 – 1.9L, M43TUB19, (87kW)

2001-2005 318i 2.0L N42B20, 143PS

BMW 316

1998-2000 320i – M52B20 T, 150PS (110kW)

320i – 2.2L 170PS (125kW)

1998-2001 – 2.5L M52B25 T, (125kW)

1998-2001 328i 2.8L M52B28 T, 193PS

2000-2004 325i – M54B25, 192PS (141kW)

330i – 3.0L 231PS (170kW)

2000-2003 M3 3.2L S54B32, 343PS

2003 M3 CSL – 3.2L 360PS (265kW)

1998-2001 – 1951cc, 136PS

2001-2006 320d – 150PS (110kW)

1998-2003 – 2926cc, 184PS

2003-2004 330d – 204PS (150kW)


1999-2000 323i – M52B25 T, 170hp (127kW)

328i – 2.8L T, 193hp (144kW)

2001-2006 – 2.5L M54B25, (137kW)

2003-2005 325i 2.5L M56B25, 184hp

2001-2004 330i – M54B30, 225hp (168kW)

330i performance pkg – M54B30, 235hp (175kW)

M3 – 3.2L S54B32, (248kW)

Main article: BMW E90

The E90 is the available generation, which for the 2006 model year, and is as the sedan (E90), wagon coupe (E92), and coupe (E93). It is completely re-engineered the E46, including changes to transmission, the passenger compartment, technology, as well as a host of features and options.

The coupé/cabriolet is now its own design and no longer derived the sedan minus two doors its predecessors, being longer and than its E90 counterpart. The linup a mid-generational facelift for the 2009 year.

Currently, four options are offered, two being of the new ‘N’ series of BMW inline featuring a host of new technologies. innovations such as lightweight construction, electric water Valvetronic (steplessly variable lift), and Double-VANOS steplessly valve timing all contribute to a lighter and more powerful than its predecessor, but yield a 15% in fuel economy.

The E90 also BMW’s return to Turbo with the introduction of the E92 coupe. The N54 produces 300bhp (220kW) and (410N·m) torque.

The E90 series also marks first for BMW — a retractable top convertible.

Sales of the E90 have very strong in Britain. In a record total of more 58,000 vehicles were and it was the seventh most popular car in

For the US market, the 2006 model 325i and 330i are both by the same 3.0L N52 engine, but the features revised engine and improved intake and exhaust to produce an additional 40 hp (255 vs. The 2007 model year a change to increase the power the engines, therefore a change to the of the vehicles.

Canada also a 323i sedan which has a 2.5L gasoline-injected inline-six 200hp (149kW); the 323i features/options available to more 3 Series models such as headlamps, fog lights, automatic control, and power-adjustable seats. The new uses a twin-turbo powerplant, seen on the 1 and 5 series models, and to be available on the 6 series model in 2009.


316i 1.6L I4, 122PS (90kW)

– 2.0L I4, 129PS from 2008 143PS

320i – 2.0L I4, (110kW), from 2008 (125kW)

320si – I4, 173PS (127kW), production to 2600 units

323i 2.5L I6, 177PS (130kW), for Australia, Canada and South from 2008 190PS

325i – 2.5L I6, (160kW), in US (and in Europe 2008)

328i – I6, 233PS (171kW), not available in

330i – 3.0L I6, (190kW), in Coupé (and from 2008) 272PS

335i – 3.0L I6, 306PS (225kW)

M3 – V8, 420PS (309kW)

318d 2.0L turbo diesel I4, (90kW), from 2008 (105kW)

320d – turbo diesel I4, 163PS from 2008 177PS

325d – 3.0L diesel I6, 197PS (145kW)

– 3.0L turbo I6, 231PS (170kW), from 245PS (180kW)

335d 3.0L twin-turbo diesel I6, (200kW), from 2008 (210kW)

The next full of the 3 Series is expected in 2012. are reported to include hybrid technology .

The 3 Series has been on Car and magazine’s annual Ten Best 18 times, from 1992 2009, making it the longest entry in the list. The E90 was named New Sports Sedan in the 2006 Car of the Year awards. Also, it was the World Car of the Year at the New York Show in 2006.

The original E30 M3 is considered one of the most race cars ever[citation and is still competitive in several

The E36 320d won the 24 Hours Nürburgring in after the M3 had won in the previous years.

The Touring Car Championship (WTCC) is one of the three World Championships with Formula One and the World Championship). Andy Priaulx and BMW UK won the WTCC in 2005 in an E46 3-series, the E90 3-series repeated this in 2006. The 3-Series’ rear-wheel layout and design have been attributed[who?] to its victory, in Touring Car Racing, as almost other motor sport, the driver and their team are also important.

The 3-Series in the British Touring Car Championship and other touring car championships been penalized under rules for being rear-wheel and thus having better than its front-wheel drive For example, the 320si has been in the WTCC in previous seasons in to keep the sport competitive the rest of the grid (Ford Chevrolet Lacetti, SEAT Alfa Romeo 156). these ballast weight the 320si’s of the British, German and teams continually win races and needed] However, in the middle of the European Touring Car Championship season, FIA changed the handicap to add an extra 15 kg ballast to front-wheel cars (such as the Alfa 156) and the ballast in rear-wheel cars (including BMW) was by 15kilograms (33lb). Today, the series has a rolling start to the benefit of better grip rear-wheel drive cars from a standing start.[citation

The BMW 3-Series is currently used in the SCCA Pro Racing Speed Challenge Touring Car Series and the American Road Racing Series. In the final 2006 Am standings, BMW finished second in the standings in both the Grand and Street Tuner classes, E46 BMWs prepared by Turner won the driver’s and team championships.[citation

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