The History of AUDI 200

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Audi 100

The History Of AUDI 200

The Audi 100 and 200 are mid-sized automobiles from (part of the Volkswagen Group), between 1968 and 1994. The C3 of the Audi 100 was sold in the United as the Audi 5000 until

The origins of the first Audi 100 become legendary in Germany. Volkswagen purchased Auto from Mercedes Benz in they seem to have motivated by a desperate shortage of capacity for their ’Beetle’ which at that time was faster than the cars be produced. The then nearly new Union plant at Ingolstadt, under Mercedes ownership and was quickly adapted for Beetle Volkswagen boss Heinrich mindful of the poor sales of the DKW F102, and at a time when the new F103 had yet to prove itself in the place, gave instructions no further new Auto Union Audi) models should be

However, it was not just the Ingolstadt facility that Volkswagen from Mercedes when purchased the Auto Union Among the employees inherited the Mercedes era was engineer Ludwig Kraus did not share Nordhoff’s conviction that demand for the would remain insatiable for and it was Kraus who developed the Audi in direct contravention of instructions Volkswagen management, and in secret.

The Nordhoff knew of the project was he was presented with a production prototype. It is to Nordhoff’s credit he changed his mind and gave the car the light. The Audi 100 would be a success, but it would also be the of a series of front engined cooled Audi based from the Volkswagen group would, starting with the Passat in 1973, enable the to survive and flourish once the and US markets began to lose appetites for rear engined air models.

The Audi 100 was shown to the on 26 November 1968. Its name denoting a power output of (99hp/74kW), the Audi 100 was the company’s car since the revivial of the Audi by Volkswagen in 1965. The C1 platform several variants: the Audi 100 and four-door saloons, and the Audi 100 S, a stylish fastback coupé, bore a remarkable resemblance to the Martin DBS released a year especially at the rear end, details such as the louvres the rear side windows and of the rear light clusters.

Audi followed up the introduction of the saloon in November 1968 a two-door saloon in October and the 100 Coupé S in autumn 1970. The four-cylinder engines originally in base (1.8 litre, (79hp/59kW)), 100 S (1.8 litre, (89hp/66kW)) and 100 LS (1.8 litre, (99hp/74kW)) guise, while the was driven by a bored-out 1.9 litre 115PS (113hp/85kW). From 1970 the 100 LS could be ordered a 3-speed automatic transmission from Volkswagen.

Starting model year 1972 the 80 and 90 PS were replaced by a new regular-petrol-variant of the 1.8 engine developing 85 PS (84 hp/63 at the same time, the 100 GL was introduced featured the 1.9 liter engine used in the Coupé S only.

In 1973 the 100 received a minor with a somewhat smaller and reshuffled taillight lens The rear torsion bar was replaced by springs.

For model year the base 100 was re-christened the 100 L and received a 1.6 four cylinder engine out of the Audi 80).

The C2 Audi 100 was in 1976, with crisper and an unusual five-cylinder engine first gasoline 5 in the world — had shown the way in 1974 with three litre diesel in the Mercedes-Benz C111). It was initially a 100 bhp (74 kW) offering 6-cylinder power and economy, and later upgraded to (100kW).

The Coupé was discontinued, but a hatchback model, the 100 Avant, was in August 1977 as part of generation. Two-door coupe and sedan models continued.

available included:

1.6L 85PS (84hp/63kW), carburetted

2.0L I-4, 115PS carburetted (1976−1978)

1.9L 101PS (100hp/74kW), carburetted

2.1L I-5, 115PS carburetted (1978−1982)

2.1L 136PS (134hp/100kW), fuel (1976−1982) (100 and 200)

2.1L I-5, 170PS fuel injection, turbo (200 only)

2.0L I-5 70PS (69hp/51kW), (1978−1982)


2.1L I-5, (77kW), fuel injection (MY

2.1L I-5, 130hp fuel injection, turbo (MY

2.0L I-5 Diesel, 67hp (MY 1980−1983)

2.0L I-5 Turbodiesel, (63kW) (MY 1983)

About Audi 100/200 C2 were of which 133.512 were in the USA.

Right Hand Audi 200 5E and 5T (type 43)

The RHD Audi 200 5E and 5T introduced into the UK in 1979, 500 were imported. The 5T (170 was a higher spec Turbo of the 5E (136 bhp injection) and came many optional extras as As an attempt to lure British the UK version of the 5T had opening quarter electric wing mirrors, a sun cruise control and heated

All Type 43 200’s came Automatic gearboxes, a 5 speed was special order only.

out the Ford Sierra as Car of the Year in the 1983 Audi 100 had a remarkable look, achieving a drag of 0.30 for its smoothest base The increased aerodynamic efficiency in better fuel economy and all over the world were up to this fact. This a great marketing tool for in the 1980s, and marked a huge forward from the boxy of the C2, as well as the technology it introduced, the procon-ten safety system.

was able to follow up on the modern look first seen in segment on the 1967 NSU Ro 80. The Audi in influenced the Ford Taurus, an sedan from 1986.[citation This rounded look the norm by the 1990s. It also set a trend of flush wheel a thick black side moulding and blacked out window eventually adopted by a range of from the 1984 Honda to the K cars.

Audi innovated windows on the C3, a key area for aerodynamic that has been adopted by all manufacturers today.

The two-door models were no available, and the Audi 100 Avant was as Audi’s first attempt at a wagon based on the 100. The 200 as the upmarket variant with versions of the 2.2l turbo 5 available in different markets its life ranging in power from 121 kW (165 bhp) MC through the 136 kW (180 bhp) and 147 kW bhp) versions to the final 162 kW bhp) 20-valve 3B engine from 1990.

The 200 20V was distinguished by its front and rounded rear arches instead of the flat used for the rest of the 100-200 The MC turbo engine was available in the 100 as for some markets.

The 100 also a 2.5L I-5 direct injection (TDI) model with 118 kW introduced 1990.

In the United the 5000 name was abandoned Audi received very publicity over its unintended incident, a problem exacerbated by a 1986 CBS News’ 60 Minutes The National Highway Traffic Administration (NHTSA) concluded the majority of unintended acceleration including all the ones that the 60 Minutes report, were by driver error such as of pedals. CBS issued a partial

A legacy of this are the intricate many shifters use, and interlock mechanisms to prevent shifting into forward or where the standard was a straight pattern.

However, with the to its US reputation done, the 5000 again became the 100, or the 200 on engine configuration, for the 1989 year. Audi sales in the US not return to the same level for 15 During its last year of for the 1991 model year, the 100 and 200 a larger, more rounded wheel-well opening.

This styling revision was something of of the styling of the upcoming fourth model that was waiting in the and, in appearance, further the model from that of the with its damaged reputation.

The range comprised the following

Audi 100:

1.6L 75PS (74hp/55kW), carburetted

1.8L I-4, 90PS carburetted, later fuel (1983−1990)

1.9L I-5, (99hp/74kW), carburetted (1982−1984)

I-5, 115PS (113hp/85kW), injection (1984−1990)

2.1L 136PS (134hp/100kW), fuel (1982−1984)

2.2L I-5, (136hp/101kW), fuel injection

2.2L I-5, 115PS fuel injection, catalyst

2.3L I-5, 136PS fuel injection (1986−1990)

I-5, 165PS (163hp/121kW), injection, turbo (1986−1990)

I-5 Diesel, 70PS (69hp/51kW)

2.0L I-5 Turbodiesel, 87PS (1983−1988)

2.0L I-5 Turbodiesel, (99hp/74kW) (1988−1989)

2.4L I-5 82PS (81hp/60kW) (1989−1990)

I-5 TDI, 120PS (118hp/88kW)

Audi 200:

2.1L I-5, (134hp/100kW), fuel injection

2.2L I-5, 138PS fuel injection (1984−1985)

I-5, 141PS (139hp/104kW), injection, turbo, catalyst

2.2L I-5, 165PS fuel injection, turbo, (1985−1991)

2.1L I-5, (180hp/134kW), fuel injection, (1983−1985)

2.2L I-5, (217hp/162kW), 20-valve turbo for 200 20V (1989−1991)

Audi 5000/100/200 America:

2.1L I-5, (75kW) (MY 1984)

2.2L 115hp (86kW) (MY 1985)

I-5, 110hp (82kW) (MY

2.3L I-5, 130hp (MY 1987½−1991)

2.1L I-5 Turbo, (104kW) (MY 1984−1985)

2.2L I-5 158hp (118kW) (MY 1986−1987½)

I-5 Turbo, 162hp (121kW) (MY

2.2L I-5 Turbo, 220hp (MY 1991)

At the end of the decade, the Audi V8 was This was essentially a 200 quattro an engine derived from two Volkswagen Golf GTI engines put Although styling was similar to the 200 on it was based, with the exception of the and doors, body panels NOT shared. The V8 was available as a 3.6L or a engine.

It was the first quattro to have an automatic gearbox, a ZF 4-speed unit with a coupling centre differential, with a Torsen rear The manual gearbox quattro’s the range continued with a rear differential, and the Torsen differential.

The 5000 S/Turbo was on Car and Ten Best list for 1984 and The CS Turbo quattro was on that for 1986 through 1988.


See also: Audi

A heavily revised C3, the C4, was introduced in The C3-platform Audi V8 continued to be as a separate line. The major for the C4 was the introduction of a 2.8L, 90 degree, 12v, V6 engine. It was later by a 2.6L variant, though is actually a 60 degree engine. are essentially the same engines in the 1992, B4 Audi 80.

The option of permanent four wheel was an option across the range, and the 100 quattro was available with a ZF automatic gearbox.

For the 1995 year, Audi dropped the 100 name, renaming it the A6 instead. In the existing 100-derived Audi S4 the S6. The S4 name was later re-used for the derivative of the Audi A4.

The Audi V8 was replaced by the A8 in 1994.

The C4-based A6 until early 1997, it was replaced by an all-new A6.

In addition to the C codes, Audi assigned numbers to their models:

C1; Audi 100 (1968–1976)

Type 43: C2; 100 (1976–1982); Audi 200 (1979–1982)

44: C3; Audi 100 (1983–1991); Audi 200

Type 4A: C4; Audi 100 (1991–1994); S4 (1992–1994); Audi A6 (1995–1997); S6 (1995–1997)

The C3-platform Audi 100 was produced in Changchun, China, by FAW Automobile Works, a Chinese manufacturer), for many years the 1990s. Since most are for governmental usage, all of China-made are front-wheel drive sedans a 2.0l 4 cylinder engine or a 5 cylinder one.

In 1990, Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPC a resolution to circumscribe car import and the displacement of cars equipped to Furthermore, the resolution also that all cars of central of both Party and government be homemade ones. As the most and advanced cars made in in early-1990s, FAW-Audi 100 and 200 have a considerable percentage in Chinese market of executive cars for one decade, until the C3-platform was replaced by Audi A6 in 1999.

During the negotiation between FAW and in late-1980s, Volkswagen acceded to suggestion of combining the C3 platform previously introduced Chrysler in the new generation Hongqi (Red Hongqi CA7200 series the technology of C3 were launched in while most of C3 Audi 100 could be made in China. were initially equipped Chrysler 2.0l or 2.2 l 4 cylinder 488 whose product line was into China in 1987.

In new Nissan VQ20 engines the original 4 cylinder petrol

A small number of C3 200s 1.8T or 2.6l V6 engine) and early C4 100s (largely in style but with tail in American style) were assembled in Changchun.

Main Audi hybrid vehicles

At the Motor Show in March Audi presented its first of the Audi Duo (or Audi 100 Avant experimental vehicle, a plug-in hybrid based on the Audi 100 quattro. This car had a 12.6 bhp electric motor which the rear wheels. A trunk-mounted battery supplied energy to the that drove the rear

The vehicle’s front wheels powered by a 2.3-litre five-cylinder with an output of 136 bhp. The was to produce a vehicle which operate on the engine in the country and mode in the city. Mode of could be selected by the driver.

ten vehicles are believed to have made; one drawback was that due to the weight of the electric drive, the were less efficient running on their engines than standard Audi with the same engine.

In 1991, Audi unveiled the Duo generation – likewise on the Audi 100 Avant quattro. again this featured an motor, a 28.6 bhp three-phase driving the rear wheels. time, however, the rear were additionally powered via the differential from the main compartment, which housed a four-cylinder engine.

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