The History of ALFA Romeo 164

31 Jul 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on The History of ALFA Romeo 164
Alfa Romeo 164

The History Of ALFA Romeo 164

The Romeo 164 was an executive car with body, produced by the Italian Alfa Romeo from to 1997.

The 164 was re-badged as the 168 for the Hong and Malaysian markets, as the number 164 had a negative connotation (In Chinese it is a to 一路死 — all the way to …), and 168 has quite the opposite — all the way to prosperity).

First unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show, the 164 be considered the first of the new generation of Romeos. It was the last model to be while the marque was still (although it was launched a few months the purchase of the company by Fiat), and was notably the first large drive Alfa. The 164 was essential to plan to relaunch Alfa as a prestige car brand after the 1970s and early 1980s.

The 164 was the Alfa saloon to be sold in the American market, where the 3.0L V6 was offered (12-valve 1991 to 1993, 24-valve 1994 to 1995).

It was quite in Europe, attracting keen who wanted an affordable and reliable saloon, but were tired of offerings such as BMW and Mercedes-Benz.[citation

The 164 was discontinued and replaced by the Alfa 166 in 1998. 273,857 had been

The Alfa Romeo 164 was styled by Pininfarina in 1987, shortly completing his contract to design the Testarossa. The 164 can be seen to share styling design ideas the Ferrari expressed as a four-door In concern for heritage, the design is the logical extension and successor of the particularly the late-model long square light.

The 164 was the first to feature extensive use of computer design for calculating structural resulting in a very rigid but relatively lightweight body. The 164 was the of the Type Four chassis, it shares with Lancia Fiat Croma and Saab Being the last to reach the the 164’s bodyshell was the most of the four, and had a markedly sleeker and lower coefficient of drag.

In order to permit this variation, an exclusive front was developed.

The 164 was the first of the new technology Romeos, and is the technological and styling of all Alfas to the present day.

The 164 introduced dramatically improved quality over previous featuring galvanised steel and various body panels for the time, ending the most complaint by Alfa customers rust problems encountered in models such as the Alfasud and the

Even though some feared of loss of character due to the of front-wheel drive for the first in an Alfa top-line saloon, the car itself as a supremely comfortable and car, with a distinctively character, inline with the tradition. In fact, the motorpress of the day its only fault to be some steer, particularly in earlier

Equipped with the most wiring loom of any Alfa the 164 was designed to compete in the executive car dominated by the BMW 5 Series and Mercedes-Benz It offered better value for in terms of technology (having onboard computers, one for air conditioning, one for and one for engine management; air conditioning and functions shared a multiple-mode Z-80-class microcontroller for dashboard

Air-direction within the ventilation was controlled by a pair of servomechanisms, were constructed using fragile plastic gears and prone to failure; possible part costs are alleviated by the of these parts with the At least one aftermarket company has developed metal replacement which eliminates the breakage

Also, the car had some very features for its day, such as climate control and electronically dampening suspension (in the top-line models and 164S). This actively reduced dampening in to conditions to provide a dynamic between road holding and The 164 also boasted engines among the best in the industry at the and the same basic design is used to this day in current

Alfa Romeo 164 Q4

In 1993 introduced a four wheel variant called the Q4 (short for 4), which was equipped with an more powerful version of the V6 engine. The Q4 four-wheel-drive system was co-developed with the Austrian Steyr-Puch.The system was very when compared to other 4WD at that time. The system of a viscous coupling unit, epicyclic differential and Torsen in the rear.

The whole system is to ABS and Motronic units. The power to the rear axle is continuously from 0 to 100%, so the car can be fully or rear-wheel-drive as conditions require. is distributed between axles on the speed, turning radius, rpms, throttle position and ABS

This model was equipped a Getrag 6-speed manual

The 164’s development was by far and away the demanding of any car manufactured by Alfa and set the standard by which other manufacturers would be measured.

testing of the 164’s dynamic began in 1984, where where used as test for engines and drivetrain. Initial bugs were ironed out on the test track in Arese.

In the first pre-production 164’s put through their paces on the Heavily disguised, with false panels and even a nose design (borrowing from the then equally 155), sporting 4 round these vehicle mules to test the 164 for the gruelling 1 million static and road testing of the design.

In 1986 and 1987, the first 150 were given their testing. In terms of engineering these exceeded every before, and by quite a substantial

In Morocco, desert testing saw 5 164 Twinsparks and V-6’s undergo the of the Paris-Dakar rally. Road varied from good to off-road conditions, and accelerometers the superiority of the 164 in terms of passenger This data was cross-confirmed in the laboratory with a sophisticated in the driver’s seat, with both in its seat, and in its ears to that of the semi-circular canals of the

The Twinspark and the V-6 underwent handling at Arese. The Twinspark displayed … driving manners at the with minimal skid. The V-6 a 25% increase in at-the-limit skid, a consequence of its greater nose

ABS testing confirmed that the has superior braking to the V-6. linings of the 164’s were run at braking until they glowed with heat, and no deviation in form. The 164 was the first to feature slotted double-walled brakes.

At no point were the drilled to release excess the original design being to be excellent.

Acceleration testing the V-6 is the superior performer in terms of In line with Alfa remarkable ability to get all cars to their speedometer maximum 164’s were tested to design maximum — 240km/h All achieved them, though the displays reluctance to exceed (127mph), and achieved 240 very

The V-6 achieved it easily, and maintained it, demonstrating Alfa’s legendary

Sound production was tested in an chamber, the car being subjected to and road noise testing, instruments and with live at the wheel, on a specially designed

Electromagnetic stability of the complex system was also tested, in an chamber equipped with EM (radar).

The 164 engines were run to the Twinspark proving to be the most and with the longest possible life. The V-6 displayed only 10% overall engine life.

last design effort to the 164 was the Ferrari Testarossa. The design present in the Testarossa were in the 164 within the brief of a four-door Examples of this include the which is reminiscent of the Testarossa, and the grooved cheat lines down the side of the 164’s door-panels and bumpers recall the air strakes, and the processed lip of these also recall the stylistic of elements of the Ferrari.

The wedged running down the length of the is a unique and striking design which helped earn the 164 a place in automotive styling It is often described as the most and greatest example of styling for the of its introduction, 1987.

The 164 has also described as a more significant, no less important departure for as the well known ‘Monstro’, the Romeo SZ of 1988.

Styled by the 164’s exterior bore a than a passing resemblance to the 605, launched a year and also styled by Pininfarina. is particularly apparent in the wedge-shaped and in the longitudinal groove along the of both cars. However, stylistic treatment given by such as the integration of the traditional triangular grille, elongated in the and the full-width rear light distinguished the 164 from its French

The 164’s styling cues been carried over to late-series 33s, and to the 155, and the wedge shape introduced in the 164 a visible design feature in all Alfa Romeos into the day.

The base 164 engine was the Twin Spark I4 engine two spark plugs per cylinder. from that, this was also notable for having a valve timing system Honda’s famous VTEC), and an valve blade-type system, at improving low-end torque.

Alfa Romeo 164

The of the Twin Spark was the same that had been a part of road and race car history the 1930s. This was intended to buyers a strong sense of as well as a significant advantage in of reliability. New to the engine was the introduction of injection, controlled by a Bosch system.

A very sophisticated with a traditional Alfa DOHC cylinder head, a cooling fan and generator belt, improved reliability and reduced friction. The battery of all 164s is in the trunk to achieve a close weight distribution.

Next was a 2.0L 8-valve engine, from the Lancia Thema i.e and including an overboost feature was later replaced by a turbocharged V6 in markets).

The top-line engine was the 3.0 L V6 designed by Giuseppe Busso for the Alfa 6.

Initially it was of the older 12v but was later revised to 24 valves for the QV

The 3.0L 24 valve V6 was also to power the four-wheel drive Q4

For some markets, a turbocharged V6 was developed, based from the engine with reduced and a very sophisticated engine system from Bosch.

there was also a turbodiesel with an engine sourced the Italian engine maker VM Rated at 125PS (92kW), this weakest version was to propel the 164 past the 200km/h mark. This was the fastest saloon on those days.



1987 164 unveiled at Frankfurt Motor

1988 – 164 goes on throughout Europe (Series 1)

– Mild suspension to alleviate torque steer, update on rear light Also, introduction of Bosch switchgear internally, and revised switchgear in Lusso versions 1.5).

1993 – revamped. Many small changes including new headlight 3.0 L V6 engine upgraded to 24-valves, but the engine remains. (Series 2)

– Four-wheel drive Q4 introduced with the 3.0 L V6 engine. New design and fittings, and final-series options introduced. (Series 3)

– Alfa sales in States cease.

1997 164 production ends.

The 164 served as the of the Alfa Romeo Proteo, in turn served as the basis of the new Romeo Spider.The 164 also as the basis of the Italdesign Scighera concept— interestingly, only the output was uprated, the majority of the underpinnings, and even its interior shared with the 164 without change. The Alfa Romeo 164 made in 1988 was a 600 hp V10-engined car.It was planned to race in a racing series (as a support to Formula One Grands Prix).

was only manufacturer who made a car for series before it was canceled. one chassis with an Alfa V10 was built by Motor Racing Ltd. the company behind the Formula One team, which was by Alfa Romeo at the time.

Alfa Romeo 164
Alfa Romeo 164
Alfa Romeo 164
Alfa Romeo 164
Alfa Romeo 164
Alfa Romeo 164
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