Subaru Legacy (first generation) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

16 Apr 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Subaru Legacy (first generation) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Subaru Legacy (first generation)


1993-94 Wagon: 1,390#160;mm (54.7#160;in)

1993-94 LS LSi Wagon: 1,430#160;mm (56.3#160;in)


History [ edit ]

1989–1991 Subaru Liberty LX sedan, Australia

The Subaru star badge used since the introduction of the 360 was modified, with a more conventional and stylized appearance, in comparison to versions used on previous vehicles.

The Legacy began with a 5-door wagon or 4-door sedan body styles with FWD and an optional full-time AWD package, and was introduced in the United States, UK, Germany, the Benelux region of Northern Europe, Argentina, Chile, Japan, Australia [where it was called Liberty] and New Zealand. The car was built with many luxury and technological advancements normally found on more expensive vehicles as standard equipment, such as power windows. central locking. fuel injection. air conditioning. vehicle speed sensitive, variable effort, power assist rack-and-pinion steering. alloy wheels.

4-wheel independent suspension (MacPherson struts in front and Chapman struts for the back) with both negative scrub and anti-dive and squat geometery. anti-sway bars front and rear, and 4-wheel disc brakes. Items that were optional that didn’t make the vehicle too expensive were 4-channel ABS. licensed from Bosch and air suspension height control, which lowered the vehicle at speeds above 50#160;mph (80.5#160;km/h), and also allowed the driver to increase the vehicles ground clearance for off-road conditions. The air suspension was inspired by various manufacturers who used Hydropneumatic suspension. such as Citroen. Honda. and Mercedes-Benz .

On vehicles equipped with power central locking, the feature is activated from the inside drivers door lock switch only, by pushing the rocker switch to lock or unlock all doors. There is no label on any of the doors that suggest the door lock function is electric. Other doors can be locked or unlocked individually by pushing the respective door lock rocker switch, but it will not lock or unlock the other doors.

The outside key door lock can unlock the drivers door only by turning the key partially, or with a complete turn to the left to unlock all doors.

According to a translation of the Japanese Wikipedia article on the Subaru Legacy, the Aomori Prefecture and Ibaraki Prefecture police departments have used the Legacy Turbo for patrol cars since the car was introduced and continue to do so. Also mentioned in this translation was an article stating that when Fuji Heavy Industries began to develop the Legacy during Japan’s bubble economy , the Subaru division was facing financial pressure to improve sales in larger car segments, due to market successes from other Asian competitors and that they used an internal project code of 44B to refer to the Legacy.

Japanese models [ edit ]

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1991 Subaru Legacy GT Touring Wagon (Japan)

When the Legacy was first introduced February 1, 1989 in Japan, the Legacy came in the following trim levels: the 220#160;PS (162#160;kW) DOHC 2.0-liter turbocharged RS with a 5-speed manual transmission only, followed by the VZ sedan and wagon and the TZ sedan and wagon with the 150#160;PS (110#160;kW) DOHC 2.0-liter engine. A smaller 102#160;PS (75#160;kW) SOHC 1.8-liter engine was used for the Vi sedan and wagon with FWD only, Ti sedan and wagon, the Mi and the entry level Ei sedans and wagons. The fuel efficiency for the 2.0-liter engine (non-turbo, manual transmission 4WD) is 10.8#160;km/L (31#160;mpg -imp ; 25#160;mpg -US ) based on Japanese Government emissions tests using 10 different modes of scenario standards, and 18#160;km/L (51#160;mpg -imp ; 42#160;mpg -US ) at speeds consistently maintained at 60#160;km/h (37.3#160;mph), based on figures listed in the Japanese sales brochure.

All wagons available to the Japanese were the extended roof version, referred to as the Touring Wagon, and the air suspension, called EP-S (electronic pneumatic-suspension), was only available on the AWD equipped VZ wagon with an automatic transmission. In 1990, the 200#160;PS (147#160;kW) DOHC 2.0-liter turbocharged Legacy GT sedan/extended roof wagon was introduced, with a 4-speed computer-controlled automatic transmission only on the GT sedan and a choice of automatic or manual transmission on the wagon, as well as the slightly more affordable RS type R turbocharged sedan.

The GT sedan/wagon, the RS, and RS type R came with 15-inch alloy wheels and 205/60R15 tires, dual piston brake calipers front and rear, and a sport-tuned suspension over the standard wheel size of 14-inch steel wheels for the other models offered. Plastic wheel covers were not offered on the entry level Ei sedan or wagon, and the 13-inch wheel was painted silver instead of black.

The Ti type S sedan and wagon, introduced in 1991, were offered with items available on the more expensive VZ and TZ but with the smaller 1.8 engine. The AWD setup, called Active Torque Split in Japanese language brochures, was standard on the Japanese-spec GT and RS, optional on the other trim levels with either a manual or automatic transmission.

A partial 4WD system was offered on the lower trim level Mi and Ei sedans and wagons with a manual transmission only, activated by an imbedded switch on top of the gear shift lever. A glass moonroof was not available until 1990 on both the GT and VZ sedan and wagon.

At the Legacy’s introduction, the top level VZ sedan interior was originally available in blue, gray or a special color combination of pearl white exterior paint with dark red upholstery and brown interior plastic, with the other sedans and wagons offering interior color choices of blue or gray. The VZ wagon that was painted black came with light gray two-tone paint scheme on the lower half of the vehicle, and both front and rear bumper covers below the bumper rub strip, which was later used when the Outback was introduced with the Second Generation.

Blue interior was offered on vehicles with blue exterior paint only. When model year 1990 arrived, however, the interior color choices were reduced to gray for the entire product line, with various types of upholstery selections, including a choice of velour. moquette. or tricot cloth upholstery based on the trim level. Leather was optional on the GT sedan and wagon only.

A four spoke, black leather covered MOMO steering wheel also came with the Japanese-spec GT sedan/wagon and the RS sedan, and was afixed with six allen head screws to an adapter hub that incorporated the cruise control activation switch. This arrangement allowed the exchange of other aftermarket steering wheels using a six screw installation pattern to suit personal tastes.

The black leather steering wheel accompanied matching black leather on the gearshift, center armrest cover, and parking brake handle. The upper half of the dashboard on the 1990 RS was available with an optional blue color, with the rest of the dashboard and interior in gray only. The RS and RS type R interior color was black with black cloth upholstery with matching door panels and extended side bolsters on the front seats, covered in an upholstery pattern insert unique to the RS and RS type R. Japanese models have been known to be exported to countries with right-hand driving requirements, such as the UK, India, Australia and New Zealand.

The following was printed, in English, on the front cover of the 1989 Japanese Legacy brochure, as Subaru was proud of their new car:

As its name implies, the Legacy represents a culmination of Subaru’s automotive technology. The engineering and design of this elegantly modern 2-liter sedan will set new standards for automotive excellence the world over. Performance, function and quality are the hallmarks of a great sedan.

To these we have added that fun-to-drive feeling unique to Subaru. The Legacy; the more time you spend with it, the more you will appreciate it.

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