Son of Stingray: The 1969-1973 Opel GT – Page 6 of 6 – Ate Up With Motor

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Opel GT

Son of Stingray: The 1969-1973 Opel GT


The original Opel GT has often been dismissed as a Kadett in a Corvette suit, but it wouldn#8217;t have taken much to make the GT a credible sports car. Most of the pieces were there, and in some respects (aerodynamics, ergonomics, fit and finish) the GT was actually superior to the C3 Corvette. With more power and some chassis development work, the GT could have given sports cars like the Datsun 240Z a run for their money.

Admittedly, getting more power out of the CIH engine while keeping it emissions-compliant for the U.S. market would have been tricky (fuel injection was only a partial answer; even with injection, the last U.S.-market Asconas and Mantas had only 81 net horsepower (60 kW)) and exchange rates would have remained a sore point, but neither problem was necessarily insuperable.

We suspect the real challenge would have been convincing Opel management that making the low-volume GT into Europe#8217;s answer to the Corvette was worth the investment. As the array of mooted successors indicates, Opel was not oblivious the GT#8217;s value as a traffic builder, but with the possible exception of the GT/W, Rüsselsheim#8217;s thinking appears to have focused on greater practicality (e.g. 2+2 seating, greater cargo space), rather than greater performance.

In some respects, that made sense: the GT sold well by Triumph or MG standards, but it was nothing compared to the almost 2.7 million Kadetts Opel sold between 1965 and 1973. However, it also weakened the case for the GT as a separate product: Opel already had an attractive and perfectly competent four-seat sporty coupe in the form of the Manta.

The fate of the original GT suggests what might have happened to the Corvette had the #8216;Vette not enjoyed continuing support from staunch defenders like Zora Arkus-Duntov and Bill Mitchell. The original Corvette was on very shaky ground for the first decade of its existence, and at several points it came close to either being canceled or transformed into a Camaro -like four-seater.

While the Corvette eventually became one of GM#8217;s most profitable cars, the GT didn#8217;t last long enough to reach that point, perhaps in part because by the time its sales began to falter, many of the people who had originally championed it had moved on. Erhard Schnell was still running Opel#8217;s Advanced Design studio, but both Clare MacKichan and Chuck Jordan had returned to the U.S. replaced by Dave Holls and later Hank Haga. Bunkie Knudsen had left GM in 1967, Bob Lutz had gone to BMW, and in 1969 Tony Lapine had gone to Porsche, where he would design the 928 and 924 .

We think the original Opel GT was better off as a two-seater, but buyers probably would have appreciated it if Opel had relocated the fuel filler to allow a proper opening decklid.

The 1969-73 Opel GT now has a fair collector following, although many cars have succumbed to rust or collisions over the years. The GT#8217;s body was well assembled by the standards of its time, but it was not easy to repair, and it was years before resale values were high enough to make full restorations worthwhile. Quite a few survivors have been modified, as well, with everything from later CIH engines (which remained in use through the 1990s) to Weber carburetors and even small block Chevrolet V8s.

If the Opel GT never got the chance to become a great car, it was nonetheless an interesting one, and in some ways it was remarkable that it was built at all. The Monza GT never got past the prototype stage, nor did a contemporary sports car concept from Vauxhall, the 1966 VXR. The GT remains an attractive little car, but we can#8217;t help thinking that it could have been much more than a pretty face.


The author would like to thank Bob Nichols, Pat McLaughlin, and RUD66 from Flickr for the use of their photos and Kathy Adelson and Larry Kinsel of the GM Media Archive for their kind assistance in locating historical images.


Opel GT

Information about the development and history of the Opel GT, including road test data, came from #8220;1.9 Opel GT: Not bad but not up to expectations,#8221; Road Track Vol. 20, No. 10 (June 1969), reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . ed. R.M. Clarke (Cobham, Surrey: Brooklands Books, Ltd.

2007), pp. 60-63; #8220;1969-1973 Opel GT,#8221; Sports Car Market . n.d. www.sportscarmarket. com/ car-reviews/classic-and-collector-cars/ affordable-classics/ 1001-1969-73-opel-gt, accessed 8 April 2012); #8220;A Rare Opel,#8221; World#8217;s Fastest Sports Cars 1968, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp.

12-15; Sam Abuelsamid, #8220;1969 Opel Aero GT is rarer than you think,#8221; Autoblog 27 April 2010, www.autoblog. com/ 2010/04/27/ 1969-opel-aero-gt-is-rarer-than-you-think/, accessed 8 April 2012; the Auto Editors of Consumer Guide, #8220;Opel GT,#8221;, 5 June 2007, auto.howstuffworks. com/ opel-gt.htm, accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Autotest: Opel GT 1900,#8221; Autocar 11 September 1969, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 76-80; Patrick Bedard, #8220;Car and Driver#8217;s Opel GT,#8221; Car and Driver Vol.

16, No. 1 (July 1970), pp. 29-33, 53; Jean Bernardet, #8220;Opel GT in Production,#8221; Style Auto No. 23 (April 1969); John Blunsden, #8220;GM#8217;s Second Sports Car,#8221; Sports Car Graphic April 1969, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp.

26-29; Jim Brennan, #8220;Hooniverse Lost Car Weekend – A 1972 Opel GT,#8221; Hooniverse, 13 August 2011, hooniverse. com/ 2011/08/13/ hooniverse-lost-car-weekend-a-1972-opel-gt/, accessed 7 April 2012; Martin Buckley, #8220;Drag Act,#8221; Classic Sports Car June 1993, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 38-42; #8220;Collectible Classic: 1968-1973 Opel GT,#8221; Automobile October 2009, www.automobilemag. com/features/ collectible_classic/0911_1968_1973_opel_gt/, accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Car and Driver#8217;s Opel GT,#8221; Car and Driver Vol.

16, No. 2 (August 1970); reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 127-131; Ican Coomber, #8220;From Olympia to Monza #8211; Opel in the United Kingdom,#8221; Vauxhall Bedford Opel Association, 2006, www.vboa. toplevel.php?p=h8, accessed 7 April 2012; Mike Covello, Standard Catalog of Imported Cars 1946-2002 . Second Ed. (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2001); Eric Dahlquist, #8220;The Conversation Factor,#8221; Motor Trend Vol. 21, No. 8 (August 1969), pp.

36-38; #8220;Der perfekte Keil: Alfa Romeo Junior Zagato, 1969 #8211; 1975,#8221;, n.d. www.zagato-cars. com/koopmann/ jzhistory/djzhistor.htm, accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Die Opel GT Entwicklung,#8221; Opel GT World, n.d. www.opelgtworld. de/site04nm.htm, accessed 8 April 2012; Ben Field, #8220;Fruity Opel,#8221; Practical Classics February 2002, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 150-153; Craig Fitzgerald, #8220;1968-1974 Opel GT,#8221; Hemmings Sports Exotic Car #16 (December 2006), pp.

91-94, and #8220;Opel Manta: GM#8217;s Stylist Sport Sedan,#8221; Hemmings Motor News March 2009; #8220;GM#8217;s [Germany] New GT,#8221; Sports Car World November 1968, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 18-19; Charles Goin, #8220;The Definitive Opel GT Guide for Year, Color and Parts Identification,#8221; Opel Association of North America, 1998-2000, clubs.hemmings. com/clubsites/ oana/tech/GTYears.pdf, accessed 8 April 2012; Stewart Grant, #8220;Opel#8217;s fruit,#8221; Popular Classics September 1990, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp.

154-159; Dennis Jenkinson, #8220;The Opel GT: A sports 2-seater,#8221; Motor Sport September 1970, reprinted in ibid, pp. 118, 165; David LaChance, #8220;1969-1973 Opel GT: This sporty German two-seater is flying well under collectors#8217; radar,#8221; Hemmings Motor News January 2009; John Lamm, #8220;Trying to Live with Big Brother,#8221; Motor Trend Vol. 24, No. 3 (April 1972), reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp.

166-169; Richard M. Langworth, #8220;Crystal Ball: Opel GT,#8221; Automobile Quarterly 1982; Heinrich Lingner, #8220;Zwei Sportcoupés abseits des Mainstream,#8221; MotorKlassik 12 April 2010, www.motor-klassik. de/ fahrberichte/ lancia-fulvia-1-3-sport-zagato-und-opel-gt- zwei-sportcoupes- abseits-des-mainstream-1440142.html?show=3, accessed 8 April 2012; Longrooffan, #8220;Curbside Classic: 1968 Opel GT: Jutta#8217;s Daily Driver,#8221; Curbside Classic, 26 May 2011, www.curbsideclassic. com/ curbside-classics-american/ curbside-classic-1968-opel-gt- juttas-daily-driver/, last accessed 11 April 2012; John Matras, #8220;1970 Opel GT 1.9: Mini-Vette?#8221; Special Interest Autos #159 (May-June 1997), reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 192-199; Gunther Molter, #8220;Opel GT,#8221; Road Track Vol.

20, No. 4 (December 1968), reprinted in ibid, pp. 20-21; #8220;Motor Road Test No. 24/70: Opel GT: For sporting gents—at a price,#8221; The Motor 20 June 1970, reprinted in ibid, pp.

107- 112; #8220;New Cars for 1970: Opel Kadett and GT,#8221; World Car Guide February 1970, reprinted in ibid, pp. 92-93; Eric Nielssen, #8220;GM#8217;s Gee-Whizzers: Exciting Things from GM#8217;s Brains Abroad,#8221; Car Life December 1967, reprinted in ibid, pp. 6-10; #8220;Opel Experimental GT,#8221;, accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Opel GT,#8221; Imported Cars 1971, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp.

122-126; #8220;Opel GT,#8221; Road Test January 1970, reprinted in ibid, pp. 101-103; #8220;Opel GT,#8221; Road Test January 1971, reprinted in ibid, pp. 132-133; #8220;Opel GT,#8221; NetCarShow, no date, www.netcarshow. com/opel/1968-gt/, accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Opel GT 1.9,#8221; Car and Driver Vol.

15, No. 3 (September 1969), pp. 66-69, 82; #8220;Opel GT: Big Surprise#8230;at your friendly Buick dealers,#8221; Car Life June 1969, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 48-53; #8220;Opel GT: throughout the years,#8221;, 1 October 2006, www.syl. com/travel/ opelgtthroughouttheyears.html, accessed 8 April 2012; Opel Motorsport Club, #8220;Opel GT + FAQs,#8221;, 2008, www.opelclub. com/html/ opel_gt___faqs.html, accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Opels with Hairs on Their Chests,#8221; CAR May 1971, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp.

162-163; Herman Pelgrom, #8220;Honey, I Shrunk the #8216;Vette: The Opel GT Story,#8221; Motor Authority, 30 May 2010, www.motorauthority. com/news/ 1045628_honey-i-shrunk-the-vette- the-opel-gt-story, accessed 8 April 2012; Sylvia Poggioli, #8220;Marking the French Social Revolution of #8217;68,#8221; NPR, 13 May 2008, www.npr. org/templates/ story/story.php?storyId=90330162, accessed 22 April 2012; #8220;Road Test: Opel GT: #8216;Mini-Brute#8217; Stage 11,#8221; Motorcade June 1969, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 56-59; L.J.K.

Setright, #8220;Opel GT,#8221; CAR August 1970, reprinted in ibid, pp. 104-106; Mike Siegel, Opel GT: Story of a Dreamcar . Eldorado Film, 11 December 2008, watch?v=rXUrGF4-Jio (trailer), accessed 8 April 2012; Jerry Sloniger, #8220;3000 Miles and Two #8216;Small#8217; Rallies in an Opel GT,#8221; World Car Guide November 1969, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 84-88, #8220;Opel GT,#8221; Foreign Car Guide February 1969, reprinted in ibid, pp.

22-25 and #8220;Preview Test: Opel GT,#8221; Car and Driver Vol. 14, No. 6 (December 1968), pp. 74-75; Daniel Strohl, #8220;Might Mouse: The diminutive, but sporty, 1969 Opel GT 1.1L,#8221; Hemmings Sports Exotic Car #7 (March 2006); #8220;The history of the development of the Opel CIH engine, 1966-1993,#8221; Customs #8216;n Classics, n.d. www.customs-n-classics. dk/Artikler/ CIHHistorieUK.html, accessed 7 April 2012; #8220;The $3500 GT: Comparing the Datsun 240Z, Fiat 124 Sports, Opel GT, MGB GT and Triumph GT6—a closer contest than we expected,#8221; Road Track Vol.

22, No. 11 (July 1971), reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 136-142; #8220;Three Ways to Approach a GT,#8221; Sports Car Graphic March 1970, reprinted in ibid, pp.

94-100; Jerry Titus, #8220;Corvair Monza GT: Chevy#8217;s Forward-Look Exercise is in the right direction,#8221; Sports Car Graphic August 1963, reprinted in Corvair Performance Portfolio 1959-1969 . ed. R.M. Clarke (Cobham, Surrey: Brooklands Books Ltd.

1998), pp. 58-61; #8220;Tuning Test: Opel GT: More power from GM#8217;s German coupe,#8221; CAR May 1971, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 164-165; Bart van Ark, #8220;Manufacturing prices, productivity, and labor costs in five economies,#8221; Monthly Labor Review July 1955, pp.

56-72; Bruno von Rotz, #8220;Opel GT 1100 und 1900 #8211; nur Fliegen war schooner,#8221;, 31 October 2011, www.zwischengas. com/de/FT/ fahrzeugberichte/ Opel-GT-1100-und-1900- nur-Fliegen-war-schoener.html, accessed 8 April 2012; Glenn Waddington, #8220;Opel Fruit,#8221; Classic Cars August 2000, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 43-47; Sydnie A. Wauson, ed.

Opel GT • Kadett • 1900 • Manta 1966-1975 Shop Manual . 5th ed. (Arleta, CA: Clymer Publications, 1986); #8220;Why the Excitement at Buick-Opel Dealers: Opel GT is a new, honest to goodness sports car for highway or race course,#8221; Road Test July 1969, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 . pp. 64-70; #8220;Wklopf,#8221; forums/general-discussions/ 28343-i-think-im-love-again.html, accessed 8 April 2012; Michael Wood, #8220;Opel-escent,#8221; Your Classic . January 1994, reprinted in ibid, pp. 188-191; the brochure #8220;Opel GT – Das klassicsche Sport-Coupé,#8221; published by Opel in 1998; the Wikipedia® entries for Get Smart (, accessed 1 May 2012); the Isuzu Gemini (, accessed 7 May 2012); Opel (, accessed 8 April 2012), the Opel Rekord Series C (, accessed 20 April 2012), the Opel GT (, accessed 7 April 2012), the Opel Kadett (; accessed 30 April 2012); the Opel Manta (, accessed 27 April 2012); and Opel#8217;s OHV engine (, accessed 30 April 2012); and the German Wikipedia entry for the Opel GT (, accessed 8 April 2012).

Additional information on competition Opel GTs came from Phillippe Calvet, #8220;Opel GT Greder Sbarro, 1969,#8221; Franco Sbarro: Another vision of car, n.d. voitures/ opel_Greder/opelgredergb.html, accessed 10 April 2012; #8220;Der Steinmetz Opel GT,#8221; Opel GT World, n.d. www.opelgtworld. de/ site09.htm, accessed 10 April 2012; #8220;Opel GT Motorsport (1968-1975): Documenting the career of a mighty sports car,#8221; European Car February 2009, www.europeancarweb. com/news /epcp_0812_opel_gt_motorsport_1968_to_1975/ index.html, accessed 8 April 2012; Stefan Örnerdal and Andrew Horrox, #8220;Formula 2 Register: F2, Voiturettes, FJ, F3 and Le Mans Results, 1998-2012,#8221;, accessed 8 April 2012; Gianni Rogliatti, #8220;The Opel GT Lives!#8221; Automobile Quarterly Vol. 10, No.

1 (1st Quarter 1972), pp. 50-55; Studio Futuro, Conrero Official Site,www.conrero. com/en/ the_company.htm, accessed 8 April 2012; and #8220;World Sportscar Championship,#8221; Racing Cars Chassis Numbers Database Races Results, 2000, wspr-racing. com/wspr/results/ wscc/nf_ms_home.html, accessed 10 April 2012.

Information on the Opel GT/2 came from Syed, #8220;1975 Opel GT2 Concept,#8221; IEDEI, 16 March 2012, iedei.wordpress. com/ 2012/03/16/opel-gt2/, accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Tomorrow#8217;s Car Today: Opel#8217;s Car for the #8217;80s,#8221; Asian Auto July 1976, reprinted in Opel GT Ultimate Portfolio 1968-1973 ), pp. 186-187; and Ron Wakefield, #8220;Opel GT-2: Stylish and economic sports car of tomorrow,#8221; Road Track Vol. 27, No.

4 (December 1975), reprinted in ibid, pp. 183-185.

Additional details on Opel design and other Opel vehicles of this period came from #8220;Bochum Plant, Facts and Figures,#8221; Opel Media/GM Europe, no date, media.opel. com/media/ intl/en/opel/company_opel/ plants/bochum.brand_opel.html, accessed 10 April 2012; Bill Bowman, #8220;Corvette 2-Rotor,#8221; Generations of GM, GM Heritage Center, history.gmheritagecenter. com/wiki/ index.php/Corvette_2-Rotor, accessed 27 April 2012; #8220;Brissonneau Lotz: Historique,#8221; Floride Caravelle Club de France, 2011, fr/ article.php3?id_article=13, accessed 7 April 2012; #8220;Car and Driver Road Test: Opel Kadett L Station Wagon,#8221; Car and Driver Vol. 13, No.

8 (February 1968), pp. 53-54, 92; Corvette Museum, #8220;2011 Corvette Hall of Fame Clare MacKichan,#8221; 17 November 2011, com/ watch?v=KNkDFmTzUBo (video recording), accessed 8 April 2012; David R. Crippen, #8220;Reminiscences of Irwin W. Rybicki,#8221; 27 June 1985 [interview], Automotive Design Oral History Project, Benson Ford Research Center, Accession 1673, www.autolife.umd.umich. edu/Design/ Rybicki_interview.htm [transcript], last accessed 8 April 2012, and #8220;Reminiscences of William L. Mitchell,#8221; August 1984 [interview], Automotive Design Oral History Project, Benson Ford Research Center, Accession 1673, www.autolife.umd.umich. edu/Design/ Mitchell/mitchellinterview.htm [transcript], last accessed 9 April 2012; Mike Fordham, #8220;Friday Car Crush #21: Opel GT/W #8216;Geneve#8217;#8221; (28 October 2011, Influx,, accessed 27 April 2012); #8220;Group Test: Ford Capri 2000GT, Opel Manta 1.6S, Vauxhall Firenza 2000, Morris Marina 1.8TC Coupe, Toyota Celica,#8221; The Motor 23 October 1971, pp.

74-79; #8220;Johann #8216;Hans#8217; Christian Mersheimer,#8221; Opel History Wiki, 1 July 2011, www.cokebottle-design. de/dokuwiki/ doku.php?id=personen:hans_mersheimer, accessed 12 April 2012; #8220;Jordan, Charles M.,#8221; Generations of GM History, GM Heritage Center, history.gmheritagecenter. com/wiki/index.php/ Jordan,_Charles_M. accessed 8 April 2012; #8220;Knudsen, Semon E.,#8221; Generations of GM History, GM Heritage Center, history.gmheritagecenter. com/wiki/ index.php/Knudsen,_Semon_E. accessed 13 April 2012; Michael Lamm and David R. Holls, Century of Automotive Style: 100 Years of American Car Design (Stockton, CA: Lamm-Morada Publishing Co. Inc.

1997); #8220;Lapine, Tony,#8221; Generations of GM History, GM Heritage Center, history.gmheritagecenter. com/wiki/index.php/ Lapine,_Tony, accessed 8 April 2012; Randy Leffingwell, Corvette: America#8217;s Sports Car (Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1997) and Porsche 911: Perfection By Design (Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 2005), p. 65; Paul Niedermeyer, #8220;Automotive History: How The 1960 Corvair Started A Global Design Revolution,#8221; Curbside Classic, 15 August 2011, www.curbsideclassic. com/automotive-histories/ automotive-history- how-the-1960-corvair- started-a- global-design-revolution/, last accessed 21 April 2012, #8220;Curbside Classic: 1966-1973 Opel Kadett (B) – It Dethroned the Volkswagen,#8221; Curbside Classic, 9 March 2012, www.curbsideclassic. com/ curbside-classics-european/ curbside-classic- 1966-1973-opel-kadett-b- it-dethroned-the-volkswagen/, last accessed 14 April 2012, and #8220;The Story Behind the Best Bob Lutz Photo Ever,#8221; The Truth About Cars, 4 October 2010, www.thetruthaboutcars. com/2010/10/ the-story-behind-the-best-bob-lutz-photo-ever/, last accessed 14 April 2012; #8220;Obituary: William L. Mitchell, Auto Executive, 76,#8221; New York Times 15 September 1988, 1988/09/15/ obituaries/ william-l-mitchell-auto-executive-76.html, accessed 13 April 2012; #8220;Opel Design: The Story,#8221; GM Europe, 2006, planer-motorshow. designcenter2006/downloads/gm/en/pdf/ opel_design_final.pdf, accessed 8 April 2012; Ken Polsson, #8220;Chronology of Chevrolet Corvettes,#8221; 4 April 2012,, accessed 18 April 2012; #8220;Rybicki, Irvin W. Generations of GM History, GM Heritage Center, history.gmheritagecenter. com/wiki/ index.php/Rybicki,_Irvin_W. accessed 21 April 2012; Michael Scarlett, #8220;2 Car Test: Sunbeam Rapier – Opel Manta,#8221; Autocar 10 December 1970, pp. 57-61; and Mark Theobald, #8220;Strother MacMinn: A Man of Wit and Genius,#8221;, 2004, www.coachbuilt. com/des/m/ macminn/macminn.htm, accessed 12 April 2012.

Background on the Corvair Monza GT came from #8220;2 Magnificent Monzas: General Motors Styling bridges the gap between dream and reality,#8221; Road Track Vol. 14, No. 12 (August 1963), pp. 16-18; the Auto Editors of Consumer Guide, #8220;1962 and 1963 Chevrolet Corvair Concept Cars,#8221;, 13 November 2007, auto.howstuffworks. com/1962-and-1963- chevrolet-corvair-concept-cars1.htm, accessed 8 April 2012, and #8220;Sweet Dreams: Those Memorable Corvair Specials,#8221; Cars That Never Were: The Prototypes (Skokie, IL: Publications International, 1981), pp.

14-19; Gerry Aubé, #8220;Corvair Design Studies: General Motors#8217; Experimental Corvairs,#8221;, n.d. www.corvaircorsa. com/ monzapro.html, accessed 8 April 2012; Bill Bowman, #8220;1962 Chevrolet Corvair Monza GT Concept,#8221; Generations of GM History, history.gmheritagecenter. com/wiki/index.php/ 1962_Chevrolet_Corvair_Monza_GT_Concept, accessed 8 April 2012; Richard M. Langworth and the Auto Editors of Consumer Guide, The Complete Book of Corvette (New York: Beekman House, 1987); Randy Leffingwell and David Newhardt, Mustang: Forty Years (St. Paul, MN: Crestline/MBI Publishing/Barnes Noble Publishing Inc. 2006); and the Wikipedia entry for the Corvair Monza GT (, accessed 8 April 2012).

Some exchange rates for the dollar, the sterling, and the Deutschmark were estimated based on Lawrence H. Officer, #8220;Exchange Rates Between the United States Dollar and Forty-one Currencies,#8221; Measuring Worth, 2011-2012,, used with permission. Exchange rate values cited in the text represent the approximate equivalency of U.S. and British or German currencies at the time, not contemporary U.S. suggested retail prices, which are cited separately. Please note that all exchange rate equivalencies are approximate, provided solely for general reference; this is an automotive history, not a treatise on currency trading or the value of money!

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