Smart Grid | Department of Energy

22 Jan 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Smart Grid | Department of Energy

Smart Grid

“Smart generally refers to a class of people are using to bring electricity delivery systems the 21st century, using remote control and automation. systems are made possible by communication technology and computer that has been used for in other industries.

They are to be used on electricity networks, the power plants and wind all the way to the consumers of electricity in homes and They offer many to utilities and consumers — seen in big improvements in energy on the electricity grid and in the energy homes and offices.

For a century, companies have had to send out to gather much of the data to provide electricity. The workers meters, look for broken and measure voltage, for example. of the devices utilities use to deliver have yet to be automated and computerized.

many options and products are made available to the electricity to modernize it.

The “grid” amounts to the that carry electricity the plants where it is generated to The grid includes wires, transformers, switches and much

Much in the way that a “smart” these days means a with a computer in it, smart means “computerizing” the electric grid. It includes adding digital communication technology to associated with the grid. device on the network can be given to gather data (power voltage sensors, fault etc.), plus two-way communication between the device in the and the utility’s network operations

A key feature of the smart grid is technology that lets the adjust and control each device or millions of devices a central location.

The number of that can be used on the smart once the data communications is deployed is growing as fast as companies can create and produce Benefits include enhanced handling sources of electricity wind and solar power and integrating electric vehicles the grid. The companies making grid technology or offering services include technology established communication firms and brand new technology firms.

Mandates

In December 2007, passed, and the President approved, XIII of the Energy Independence and Act of 2007 (EISA). EISA the legislative support for DOE’s grid activities and reinforced its in leading and coordinating national modernization efforts. Key provisions of XIII include:

OE Taking a Leadership Role

In its leadership role, OE has partnered key stakeholders from industry, and state governments to modernize the electricity delivery system. OE and its identify research and development priorities that address and accelerate transformation to a smarter supporting demonstration of not only grid technologies but also new models, policies, and societal OE has demonstrated leadership in advancing transformation through cooperative with the National Science and Council (NSTC) Subcommittee on Grid and the Federal Smart Task Force .

The National and Technology Council Subcommittee on Grid: Chaired by the Assistant for OE and the National Director for Smart at NIST, the Subcommittee is promulgating a for a smarter grid including the priorities and opportunities it presents; a strong, coordinated effort federal agencies to develop grid policy; and developing  A Framework for the 21st Century which  describes four the Obama Administration will in order to ensure that all benefit from investments in the electric infrastructure: better of economic incentives to boost and deployment of smart-grid technologies; a focus on standards and interoperability to greater innovation; empowerment of with enhanced information to energy, ensure privacy, and bills; and improved grid and resilience.

Federal Smart Grid Force: Directed by OE, the Task includes experts from the of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Security, and State; the Federal Regulatory Commission (FERC); the Protection Agency; and the Federal Commission. The mission is to ensure coordination, and integration of the diverse activities related to smart technologies and practices. The Task implements Administration policies by the NSTC Subcommittee on Smart while coordinating federal development and demonstration; international and outreach and education efforts.

Stakeholders :

In leading a national to a smarter grid, OE’s step was to define not only a for the future electric delivery but also the functional characteristics. in 2005, OE convened seven workshops across the country, regulators, utilities, vendors, research institutions, universities, and stakeholders to forge a common and scope for the smart grid. two-year effort resulted in of the principal smart grid characteristics that comprise the of OE’s smart grid

Self-healing from power events

Enabling active participation by in demand response

Operating against physical and cyber

Providing power quality for century needs

Accommodating all and storage options

Enabling new services, and markets

Optimizing and operating efficiently

As defined by the characteristics, OE has a vision of a smart that uses digital to improve reliability, resiliency, and efficiency (both economic and of the electric delivery system. The to achieve this vision upon activities that address the technical, business, and challenges to realizing a smarter Below figure shows the between the specific activities OE is and the overall vision.

The key activities comprise OE’s smart strategy are summarized below. activity area addresses one or of the identified challenges.

Smart demonstrations and deployment activities advantage of the catalytic effect of investments in the manufacturing, purchasing and of devices and systems. These leverage efforts under way in the and development activity area and help develop critical and proof-of-concept data. This area is also developing a for analyzing smart grid and benefits, which is necessary to build the business case for smart grid technologies.

Research and development activities smart grid functionality by innovative, next-generation technologies and in the areas of transmission, distribution, storage, power electronics, and the advancement of precise time-synchronized of certain parameters of the electric

Interoperability and Standards activities that new devices will in a secure environment as innovative technologies are implemented throughout the delivery system, advancing the and energy security of the United The ongoing smart grid process promises to lead to uniform, and technology-neutral standards enable innovation, improve choice, and yield economies of Interoperability and standards activities are not to technical information standards; must be advanced  in conjunction business processes, markets and the environment.

Interconnection planning and activities create greater with respect to future including identifying transmission under a broad range of electricity futures (e.g. application of demand-side technologies) and long-term interconnection-wide transmission plans.

Workforce development to address the impending workforce by developing a greater number of highly skilled electric sector personnel knowledgeable in grid operations. An example of is OE’s involvement with the for Electric Reliability Technology (CERTS), a consortium of national universities and industry that research and develops and disseminates new tools and techniques to protect and the reliability of the U.S. electric system and the efficiency of competitive markets.

Stakeholder engagement and outreach identify RD needs for planning, of lessons learned for continuous and exchanging technical and cost data. Information is provided on to inform decision makers smart grid technology and facilitate their adoption.

national progress activities metrics to show progress respect to overcoming challenges and smart grid characteristics.

“ The Smart Grid: An Introduction ” is a sponsored by DOE’s Office of Delivery and Energy Reliability explores – in layman’s – the nature, challenges, opportunities and of Smart Grid implementation.  books, released in 2009, the interests of specific stakeholder Consumer Advocates, Utilities, Providers, Regulators, Policy and Environmental Groups, to explain in detail what the Smart will mean to each us.

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