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Infiniti QX56

Geography [link]

Topographic map of Alberta

Alberta, with an area of 661,848 square kilometres (255,500 sq#160;mi) [ 7 ] is the fourth largest province after Quebec. Ontario, and British Columbia. To the south, the province borders on the 49th parallel north. separating it from the U.S. state of Montana. while on the north the 60th parallel north divides it from the Northwest Territories.

To the east the 110th meridian west separates it from the province of Saskatchewan. while on the west its boundary with British Columbia follows the 120th meridian west south from the Northwest Territories at 60°N until it reaches the Continental Divide at the Rocky Mountains. and from that point follows the line of peaks marking the Continental Divide in a generally southeasterly direction until it reaches the Montana border at 49°N.

With the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the southeastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous rivers and lakes used for swimming, fishing and a range of water sports. There are three large lakes, Lake Claire (1,436 square kilometres (554#160;sq#160;mi)) in Wood Buffalo National Park.

Lesser Slave Lake (1,168 square kilometres (451#160;sq#160;mi)), and Lake Athabasca (7,898 square kilometres (3,049#160;sq#160;mi)) which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan. The longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 kilometres (956#160;mi) from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca. [ 9 ] The largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m 3 /s. The Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River. a tributary of the Mackenzie River .

Alberta’s capital city, Edmonton. is located approximately in the geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, and serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada. The region, with its proximity to Canada’s largest oil fields. has most of western Canada’s oil refinery capacity.

Calgary is located approximately 280 kilometres (170#160;mi) south of Edmonton and 240 kilometres (150#160;mi) north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. Almost 75% of the province’s population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor .

Most of the northern half of the province is boreal forest. while the Rocky Mountains along the southwestern boundary are largely forested (see Alberta Mountain forests and Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests ). The southern quarter of the province is prairie. ranging from shortgrass prairie in the southeastern corner to mixed grass prairie in an arc to the west and north of it.

The central aspen parkland region extending in a broad arc between the prairies and the forests, from Calgary, north to Edmonton, and then east to Lloydminster. contains the most fertile soil in the province and most of the population. Much of the unforested part of Alberta is given over either to grain or to dairy farming. with mixed farming more common in the north and centre, while ranching and irrigated agriculture predominate in the south. [ 10 ]

The Alberta badlands are located in southeastern Alberta, where the Red Deer River crosses the flat prairie and farmland, and features deep canyons and striking landforms. Dinosaur Provincial Park. near Brooks, Alberta. showcases the badlands terrain, desert flora. and remnants from Alberta’s past when dinosaurs roamed the then lush landscape.

Climate [link]

Alberta has a dry continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. The province is open to cold arctic weather systems from the north, which often produce extremely cold conditions in winter. As the fronts between the air masses shift north and south across Alberta, temperature can change rapidly.

Arctic air masses in the winter produce extreme minimum temperatures varying from −54 °C (−65#160;°F) in northern Alberta to −46 °C (−51#160;°F) in southern Alberta. In the summer, continental air masses produce maximum temperatures from 32 °C (90#160;°F) in the mountains to 40 °C (104#160;°F) in southern Alberta. [ 11 ]

Infiniti QX56

Alberta extends for over 1,200 kilometres (750#160;mi) from north to south; its climate, therefore, varies considerably. Average temperatures in January range from −8 °C (18#160;°F) in the south to −24 °C (−11#160;°F) in the north, and in July from 24 °C (75#160;°F) in the south to 16 °C (61#160;°F) in the north.

The climate is also influenced by the presence of the Rocky Mountains to the southwest, which disrupt the flow of the prevailing westerly winds and cause them to drop most of their moisture on the western slopes of the mountain ranges before reaching the province, casting a rain shadow over much of Alberta. The northerly location and isolation from the weather systems of the Pacific Ocean cause Alberta to have a dry climate with little moderation from the ocean. Annual precipitation ranges from 300 millimetres (12#160;in) in the southeast to 450 millimetres (18#160;in) in the north, except in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains where rainfall can reach 600 millimetres (24#160;in) annually. [ 8 ] [ 12 ]

In the summer, the average daytime temperatures range from around 21 °C (70#160;°F) in the Rocky Mountain valleys and far north to 27 °C (81#160;°F) in the dry prairie of the southeast. The northern and western parts of the province experience higher rainfall and lower evaporation rates caused by cooler summer temperatures.

The south and east-central portions are prone to drought-like conditions sometimes persisting for several years, although even these areas can receive heavy precipitation. Alberta is a sunny province. Annual bright sunshine totals range between 1900 and 2500 hours per year. Northern Alberta receives about 18 hours of daylight in the summer. [ 11 ]

In southwestern Alberta, the cold winters are frequently interrupted by warm, dry chinook winds blowing from the mountains, which can propel temperatures upward from frigid conditions to well above the freezing point in a very short period. During one chinook recorded at Pincher Creek. temperatures soared from −18.9 °C (−2.0#160;°F) to 3.3 °C (38#160;°F) in one hour. [ 8 ] The region around Lethbridge has the most chinooks, averaging 30 to 35 chinook days per year, while Calgary has a white Christmas only 59% of the time as a result of these winds. [ citation needed ]

Northern Alberta is mostly covered by boreal forest and has a subarctic climate. The agricultural area of southern Alberta have a semi-arid steppe climate because the annual precipitation is less than the water that evaporates or is used by plants. The southeastern corner of Alberta, part of the Palliser Triangle. experiences greater summer heat and lower rainfall than the rest of the province, and as a result suffers frequent crop yield problems and occasional severe droughts.

Western Alberta is protected by the mountains and enjoys the mild temperatures brought by winter chinook winds. Central and parts of northwestern Alberta in the Peace River region are largely aspen parkland, a biome transitional between prairie to the south and boreal forest to the north.

After Southern Ontario. Central Alberta is the most likely region in Canada to experience tornadoes. Thunderstorms. some of them severe, are frequent in the summer, especially in central and southern Alberta.

The region surrounding the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor is notable for having the highest frequency of hail in Canada, which is caused by orographic lifting from the nearby Rocky Mountains, enhancing the updraft/downdraft cycle necessary for the formation of hail.

Infiniti QX56
Infiniti QX56
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