Official Toyota eBay store launched (Toyota (GB) plc) –

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An official is someone who an office (function or mandate. whether it carries an actual space with it) in an organization or and participates in the exercise of authority his own or that of his superior and/or public or legally private).

A official or functionary is an official who is in public administration or government, either election. appointment, or employment. A bureaucrat is a member of the An elected official is a person who is an by virtue of an election.

Officials may be appointed ex officio (by virtue of office, often in a specified such as presiding, advisory, Some official positions may be .

The word official as a noun has recorded since the Middle period, first seen in [ citation needed ] It comes the Old French official (12th from the Latin officialis to a magistrate, public official), the use of the original adjective officialis (of or to duty, service, or office) officium (office). The meaning in charge of some public or duty was first recorded in The adjective is first attested in in 1533, via the Old French oficial .

The informal term officialese . the of officialdom, was first recorded in


Roman Antiquity

An officialis (plural officiales ) was the term (somewhat comparable to a civil servant) for any member of the (staff) of a high dignitary as a governor.

Ecclesiastical judiciary

In Canon law. the word or its original officialis is used as the legal title of a diocesan judicial vicar who shares the ordinary judicial power the diocese and presides over the ecclesiastical court .

The 1983 Code of Canon Law precedence to the title Judicial rather than that of (canon 420). The Code of of the Eastern Churches uses the title Judicial Vicar 191).

In German, the related Offizialat was also used for an bureau in a diocese that did of its administration, comprising the vicariate-general. an secretariat, a registry office and a

The title of official principal . with that of vicar-general. has in England been merged in of Diocesan chancellor of a diocese.


The term officer is to being a synonym (but has military connotations ). A functionary is who carries out a particular role an organization; this again is a close synonym for official . as a but with connotations closer to Any such person acts in official capacity . in carrying out the of their office; they are said to officiate . for example in a A public official is an official of or local government .

Max Weber on bureaucratic officials

Max Weber gave as definition of a official#160;:

he is personally free and to his position on the basis of conduct

he the authority delegated to him in accordance impersonal rules, and his loyalty is on behalf of the faithful execution of his duties

his appointment and job placement are upon his technical qualifications

his administrative work is a full-time

his work is rewarded by a regular and prospects of advancement in a lifetime

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An official must exercise his and his skills, but his duty is to place at the service of a higher authority; he is responsible only for the impartial of assigned tasks and must his personal judgment if it runs to his official duties.


As an adjective. official often but not means pertaining to the government, as state employee or having recognition, or to analogous governance, or to (especially legally regulated) as opposed to informal business. examples:

An official holiday is a holiday. having national (or recognition.

An official language is a language by a government, for its own use in administration, or for the use of citizens example on signposts ).

An official would be an individual empowered to for the government, or some part of it as a ministry. on a range of issues and on the for the media .

An official statement is by an organisation as an expression of its corporate or opinion; an official apology is an similarly issued by an organisation (as to an apology by an individual).

Official is policy publicly acknowledged and by an organisation. In these cases is an antonym, and variously may mean unrecognised, personal or unacknowledged.

An strike is a strike organised and by a labour union. as opposed to an strike at grassroots level.

An official school is a school by the government or by a local authority, as to a private school or religious .

An official history . for example of an or business, or particularly of a war or military is a history written as a commission, the assumption of co-operation with to records and archives; but without full editorial independence .

An biography is usually on the same written with access to papers and the support of the family of the

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