Mercedes-Benz M-Class – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

19 Mar 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Mercedes-Benz M-Class – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mercedes ML 63 AMG

Mercedes-Benz M-Class

The Mercedes-Benz M-Class is a luxury midsize sport utility vehicle (SUV), first offered in 1997 as a 1998 model, and built by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz. Gradually, the M-Class became a sales success in the United States and Mexico. In terms of size, it is slotted in between the smaller GLK-Class (based on the C-Class ) and the larger GL-Class. with which it shares platforms.

For a short time, between the years 1999 and 2002, the M-Class was also built by Magna Steyr in Graz. Austria, for the European market, before all production moved to the U.S. plant near Vance, Alabama. From late 2012, the M-Class was also assembled at new plants in Pune, India and Wanaherang, Indonesia.

First generation (W163: 1997–2005) Edit

4,614 lb (2,093 kg)

In 1990, Mercedes-Benz proposed a plan to replace the G-Class, which at the time had been in production for 11 years.

A joint agreement with Mitsubishi Motors to develop and produce a sports-utility vehicle was made in early 1991 and was confirmed publicly that June. Plans were made to base it off the Montero/Pajero platform, with one of them being badged as a Mercedes-Benz and the other a Mitsubishi.

In May 1992, these plans were abandoned citing technical problems and Mercedes-Benz continued on with in-house development from January 1993. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] In March 1993, a search for a location to build a U.S. manufacturing plant began. By September 1993, a location in the state of Alabama was chosen and construction started in 1994. While plans were being made overseas, in Germany development continued. Design work took place from late 1992 to 1994.

A design from Mercedes’ Sindelfingen studio was chosen in 1993 and approved by the executive board in February 1994. The design patents were filed in Germany on July 13, 1994, and in the U.S. on January 13, 1995. Prototype testing started with test mules and crash tests using mock-ups in May 1994.

First functional prototype’s crash test took place in February 1995, with full testing run from March 1995 to December 1996 in various climates and regions of the world. Pilot production began in May 1996. In July 1996, construction on the Mercedes-Benz U.S. International plant concluded, with the very first production M-class rolling off the assembly line the week of February 9, 1997. [ 3 ]

Mercedes-Benz launched the first generation W163 series M-Class on February 19, 1997, in the United States for the 1998 model year, with sales beginning that September. It is a mid-sized body-on-frame SUV with seating for five, or seven with an optional third-row seat. The M-Class was the first luxury SUV to feature electronic stability control. a system designed to detect loss of control and instantaneously intervene with selective braking to bring the vehicle back on its intended course.

Furthermore, the M-Class boasted front- and side-impact airbags with advanced occupant detection for the front passenger seat, which, helped earn the W163 the highest marks in insurance industry crash tests.

The Mercedes-Benz M-Class (W163) was available with permanent 4Matic four-wheel drive, which routed torque to all four wheels through all open front, center, and rear differentials. [ 4 ] The system used a two-speed dual range BorgWarner 4409 transfer case with reduction gearing, and Mercedes’ new Four-wheel Electronic Traction System (4-ETS). 4-ETS simulated three differential locks on all three open differentials, via aggressively braking one or more spinning wheels. [ 4 ]

Four-wheel Electronic Traction System was said to perform excellent for light and moderate off road use, but could cause unpredictable handling in severe off road use. [ 4 ]

Pre-facelifted Mercedes-Benz ML 320, Australia

Other articles of the category "Mercedes":

Our partners
Follow us
Contact us
Our contacts

Born in the USSR


About this site

For all questions about advertising, please contact listed on the site.

Car Catalog with specifications, pictures, ratings, reviews and discusssions about cars