Lexus LS400, LS430, and LS460: history and description

4 Oct 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Lexus LS400, LS430, and LS460: history and description

Lexus LS series: history and

The Lexus LS started out as the F1 project in the 1980s. The engineering team, by Shoiji Jimbo and Ichiro included 60 designers, 24 engineering 1,400 engineers, 2,300 and 220 support people. They already well into the of a new, high-end luxury car the first market research in the United States was conducted for the (in 1985).

Jimbo himself focus groups and interviewed while a separate team of people studied lifestyles and concepts in Laguna Beach, Shortly afterwards, in July the first running prototype was An incredible 450 running prototypes to be made, with Toyota sparing no expense to beat and other luxury automakers.

By tests were being on Germany’s Autobahn and on American Prototypes spent ten months studied on American roads. In the final design was approved an unusually large number of to management (eight).

Roger who was to buy a Lexus dealership, traveled to to test-drive one.

In November the F1 was finally given a name it was not particularly distinctive: LS400. The LS for Luxury Sedan, and 400 is the size of the The LS400 debuted in the United at the Detroit auto show in 1989, but was not produced until May and did not go on sale until September

The car was an immediate hit, much to the of Mercedes, whose S-Class was expensive, less luxurious, it would turn out, reliable. Like later LS it was made in Japan.

Only months after the sale of the LS 400, Lexus started a of 8,000 early models to two minor problems though was only one complaint regarding one and only a few on the other.

Three years later, said Lexus’ LS had redefined its but Toyota already had a revised waiting in the wings, with 50 changes based on dealer and requests. Only five after the first model, in 1994, a more extensive took place. In September variable valve timing was brought to the engine, increasing its styling was updated, and new features added, but the price remained the

In October 2000, eleven after the first LS400 was the new flagship Lexus the LS 430, an enlarged engine went on New technologies included intuitive assist, dynamic laser-guided control (which could a set distance as well as a set speed), and cooled front seats, and a beverage cooler, and a Mark sound system. The LS430 be revised in 2004, with a new automatic (2007 brought an and new luxury and safety features.

LS 400 was test driven before the factory, helping it to earn its place at the top of J.D. Power’s awards. The 2000 models new safety features, including Assist and Vehicle Skid which help to enhance and regain control when the car to skid.

Thanks to a 290 hp V8 engine gobs of torque, the LS 400 could go to 60 mph in 6.6 faster than many cars – indeed, than Toyota’s own MR2. gas mileage was 18 mpg in the city and 25 on the highway, to variable valve timing and technological advances. The automatic had five speeds.

2000 added high-energy discharge as an option; Lexus had them level regardless of road or conditions. The automatic climate included a charcoal filter to dust and pollen, and a smog to automatically recirculate the air when was heavy outside. An in-key entry system ended the for an outside fob.

In a long-overdue bow to customer tastes, let the driver select the headlight delay and other details.

The and wood interior trim was and stained, in a three-week long A huge number of seemingly details that add up to the luxury were listed by Lexus materials, and no doubt contributed to the impression of the Lexus as a high sedan. The LS series won more than any other luxury and, more to the point, won

Power’s vehicle dependability every year it was eligible.

The LS 430

The LS 430 is powered by a 4.3-liter double V8 engine that produces 290 at 5,600 RPM and 320 lb.-ft. of torque at RPM. Continuously Variable Timing with intelligence ensures excellent low- and power for easy highway The Lexus LS 430 can accelerate from mph in 5.9 seconds, roughly the same as the rougher Audi TT and Dodge

The LS 430 was one of the first gasoline V8 vehicles to be as an Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle

Though quite fast, the was also smooth. Working the electronic throttle control by wire), the system smooths out from a standing start by slightly delaying throttle when the driver steps on the pedal.

The six-speed automatic computer responded to road and acceleration/deceleration activity, holding or downshifting on hills to help better engine power or A Sequential Shift feature the driver to enjoy a more driving experience by controlling manually, when desired.

The and rear double wishbone systems, which feature shock absorbers, contribute to cornering responses and provide an smooth ride. Seventeen-inch wheels are standard, with 18-inch wheels featuring low-profile tires for sharpened response.

Lexus LS430 Safety

optimized the structure for crash-compatibility other passenger vehicles as as maximum safety for occupants. front airbags use sensors to the severity of a collision and, in the force with which to the front airbags.

In 2004, the LS 430 was with the Pre-Collision System which can help reduce severity and damage. The PCS uses to detect obstacles in front of the car and speed, steering angle, and yaw to see whether a collision is unavoidable. If it is, the can retract the driver’s and front seatbelts and prepare the Brake system, which, after the applies the brakes, automatically increased braking force to reduce collision speed.

To with the damage caused by side airbags have redesigned to provide a greater area, and the body structure has strengthened to meet the latest impact standards, which into account higher-riding Front and rear side airbags help provide in certain types of severe impacts. The LS 430 also features airbags for the driver and front as standard equipment.

The LS 430 includes as daytime running lights, LED lights and rain-sensing windshield Standard High-Intensity Discharge headlights come with and the Adaptive Front lighting (AFS), which illuminates a or curve as the driver steers it.

Four-channel, four-sensor anti-lock system (ABS) is standard, electronic brake-force distribution optimizes braking pressure at wheel to help minimize dive or sway during braking and cornering. Brake is designed to determine if the driver is emergency braking and, if the has not stepped firmly enough on the pedal to activate the ABS, it maximum braking pressure pedal pressure is released.

Stability Control (VSC) control side skids demanding conditions by detecting and to correct loss of lateral during cornering. The VSC system traction control (TRAC) to limit rear wheelspin on road surfaces.

A Tire Pressure Monitor can detect if a tire is significantly and alert the driver with an light on the instrument panel to a that could potentially to uneven tire wear or a of control.

Interior of the Lexus

The LS 430 three wood finishes and leather interior colors, customers to tailor the car to their Adjustments for the front seats for driver, 10-way for passenger) dual lumbar controls and cushion length for more thigh support for the driver, as as a single lumbar control for the

The LS 430 provides more front and headroom than the externally Mercedes-Benz S-Class, as well as cabin volume (107.2 cu. ft. vs. cu. ft.) and a larger trunk cu. ft. or 17.5 cu. ft. with the rear air vs. 15.4 cu. ft. for the S-Class).

The LS 430 is among the aerodynamically “slippery” cars in the nearly eliminating wind with an ultra-low 0.26 of drag (Cd) with its suspension and a 0.25 Cd with the air suspension.

The standard wood/leather-wrapped wheel features easy-to-use for the audio system, which a standard in-dash, single-feed CD changer, and a 15-function information with a trip computer and The climate control uses and sun-sensing intelligent swing If sunlight is concentrated on one side of the the registers automatically deliver cooling air to that side.

A moonroof and power rear as well as rear seat mirrors, also are standard

The available DVD-based Lexus System offers faster and far greater map data capacity CD-ROM systems (one DVD covers the continental United and several areas in Canada). The displays maps and route on a seven-inch touch screen, and its feature allows hands-free The system features easy-to-understand phone number-based address and building footprint display for U.S. cities.

When combined with a Bluetooth ® -equipped the driver can transfer personal books to the navigation system and hands-free phone calls the navigation system’s touch-screen panel.

Other Lexus

The available Dynamic Laser Control system is designed to a set distance from the vehicle in front of it. (Models equipped the Pre-Collision System instead use dynamic cruise control.) parking, the available Intuitive Assist system uses sensors to alert the driver to at the front, rear and corners of the

The available rear air conditioner an optical deodorizer in addition to a filter. The unit uses a filter and an ultraviolet light to break down odor-causing

A rear backup camera an extra margin of confidence reversing. Available in conjunction the optional navigation system, it projects an image of what the lens can detect behind the onto the navigation screen the vehicle is in the reverse gear.

XM Satellite Radio provides sound and a wide selection of and news/talk stations coast-to-coast.

The SmartAccess feature allows the to unlock and start the car simply by the door handle (with key fob in and then turning the ignition without removing the key fob from a or purse. The SmartAccess key fob transmits a signal to onboard antennas, the security system to unlock the car and engine starting. The system a SmartAccess key wallet card allows the driver to unlock and the car if the main key fob is lost.

The LS 430 is one of several Lexus models to a high-end Mark Levinson audio system. All occupants optimal sound quality, no where they are sitting.

The Luxury Selection and Ultra Selection option packages the Mark Levinson premium system, and other amenities can make the LS 430 a suitable chauffer-driven Highlights of both packages

DVD-based Lexus Navigation with seven-inch screen and control

Front climate seats with heating and controls

Power front and door closers


Intuitive Parking Assist

audio controls and rear controls (Ultra Luxury only)

The Ultra Luxury option package equips the LS 430 an air suspension system and height rear climate control rear seat swivel lights, manual rear sun shades, rear seat with power slide and and rear seat massage. of these items are available and in other option packages.

As all Lexus vehicles, the LS 430 comes a 48-month/50,000-mile basic limited with roadside assistance for miles. Powertrain and restraint coverage is provided for 72 months/70,000 Corrosion perforation protection is for 72 months, regardless of mileage.

The LS460

Arriving after the the LS460 is powered by a similar with larger displacement and valve timing that both intake and exhaust the result was a stunning 360 horsepower and 367 of torque from the small V8, with V6-like gas mileage of mpg (18/27 on the LS460 L).

Lexus 430 and specifications and such

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