Learn and talk about Peugeot 405, 1980s automobiles, 1990s automobiles, All-wheel-drive vehicles, Cars of Iran

4 Dec 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Learn and talk about Peugeot 405, 1980s automobiles, 1990s automobiles, All-wheel-drive vehicles, Cars of Iran
Peugeot 405

Peugeot 405

Argentina by (Sevel ) (1992-2000)

Contents

History [ edit ]

In July 1987, Peugeot unveiled ten versions of the 405 simultaneously for the 1988 model year, with sales on the continent beginning before Christmas, and sales in the United Kingdom beginning in March. [ 1 ] Deliveries began in October 1987 for the saloon, and May 1988 for the estate. No coupГ© was ever offered to the public, unlike the 504 and later 406. as only two examples of the purpose-built 405 Turbo-16 (not to be confused with 405 T16) were made. The 405 was available as a 4-door only.

Four-cylinder petrol engines included 65, 92, 110, 125, and 160#160;hp (48, 69, 82, 93, and 119#160;kW) units. A 1.8-litre diesel engine. with or without a turbo (70 and 90#160;hp (52 and 67#160;kW)) was added to the range during 1988 as was the 5-door estate.

Its launch came a year after the demise of the Talbot marque on passenger cars, with the Alpine (originally a Chrysler Europe product) being the last 405-sized car from Talbot. The slightly smaller 305 was discontinued from the Peugeot range soon after the 405’s launch, with the larger 505 being axed a while later, with Peugeot’s new range-topping model after 1989 being the 605.

The 405 was the last Peugeot vehicle sold in the United States. on sale between 1988 and 1991, including the Mi16 model. [ 2 ]

The 405 was a popular model in Thailand. following the success of the Peugeot 505 after the Government of Thailand cancelled a restriction on CBU car imports in the late 1980s.

By 1989, 500,000 vehicles had been produced, [ citation needed ] and the 1 millionth 405 left the Sochaux factory the next year. [ citation needed ] A minor facelift in 1991 included a change in transmission with the BE1 replaced by the BE3 and updates to the dashboard. steering wheel. and soundproofing .

In 1993, a revised 405, referred to as the Phase 2 model, was introduced featuring a new rear design with new rear lights and boot design, and a revised interior with a new dashboard. The turbocharged. 16v, 4WD 405 T16 (LHD only) was also introduced.

The 405’s replacement, the 406. was introduced in 1995, and the 405 saloon was discontinued in Europe, whilst the estate continued on sale in Europe until 1997. About 2.5 million vehicles were sold worldwide. [ citation needed ]

Manufacturing [ edit ]

The 405 has been manufactured in a number of world-wide locations. Designed in France, it has been manufactured in:

Europe: from 1987 to 1997 at Sochaux (France) and Ryton (UK).

Zimbabwe. until 2002, by Quest.

Egypt. Wagih Abaza produced the 405.

Iran. produced by Iran Khodro since mid-1990.

Chile. Produced by Franco-Chilena in Los Andes, including STI Phase II model.

Argentina. Several saloon models, including diesels were built in the Villa Bosch Peugeot facility from 1992 to 1999. In this country the 405 has been an extremely popular car, with total sales of over 500,000 units.

Poland. Around 4000 were assembled in FSC Lublin between 1993 and 1995.

Taiwan. Produced by Yu-Tien Motors from 1989-1995 (Production ceased after bankruptcy).

Models [ edit ]

The 405 has been available in left-hand and right-hand-drive versions, as a saloon and estate, in front-wheel, and four-wheel drive. The 405 range included three petrol engines and two diesel engines, all four-cylinder with no 6-cylinder option, in a variety of states of tune and specification. The range was tailored to suit different export markets. The 1.6-litre saloon featured a low drag co-efficient of C d =0.29, with other models varying up to C d =0.33.

The 1.4-litre (1,360 cc) engine was fitted with a four-spreed manual gearbox. It produced 70#160;hp (52#160;kW) at 5600 rpm. The 1.6-litre (1,580 cc) engine was fitted with a five-speed manual gearbox and produced 92#160;hp (69#160;kW) at 6000 rpm. The 1.9-litre (1,905 cc) engine was available with a five speed manual gearbox, with an option of an automatic in the lower powered version.

The 8-valve version of the engine was available in two levels of tune; 110#160;hp (82#160;kW) or 125#160;hp (93#160;kW). A 16-valve version was available with the Mi16 model and this produced 160#160;hp (120#160;kW) at 6500 rpm and could reach a top speed of 220#160;km/h. [ 3 ]

In 1993, the T16 homologation special was introduced with a 2.0-litre 16-valve turbocharged XU10J4TE engine with watercooled chargecooler, constant four-wheel drive with 53/47% power distribution and self-regulating hydraulic rear axle. The T16 produced 200#160;hp (150#160;kW) at 1.1#160;bar (16#160;psi) (normal boost) 220#160;hp at 1.3#160;bar (19#160;psi) (overboost) for 45 seconds. 1061 examples were built, 60 of them for the French Police .

The diesel options included a 1.9-litre (1,905 cc) producing 70#160;bhp (52#160;kW) at 4600 rpm or a turbocharged 1.8-litre (1,769 cc) producing 90#160;bhp (67#160;kW)

UK models [ edit ]

1988–1992 range

GE – 1.6 L 8-valve, basic model (Style in UK)

GL/GR – 1.6L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve

GLD/GRD – 1.9L 8-valve diesel

GLDt/GRDt/GTDt 1.8L 8-valve turbo diesel

GRi/SRi/GTX – 1.9 L 125#160;bhp 8-valve fuel injected. based on the same engine as the 205 GTI 1.9.

Mi16 – 1.9L 16-valve fuel injected all alloy engine, with 160#160;bhp (119#160;kW; 162#160;PS). The engine (XU9J4 ) of the Mi16 was later used by Peugeot as the basis for the engine in the 206 WRC, winning two championships.

1992–1994 range

Style – 1.4 L 8-valve, 1.6L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel

GL/GLdt – 1.4 L 8-valve, 1.6L 8-valve, 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel

GR/GRdt – 1.6 L 8-valve, 1.8L 8-valve, 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel

SRi/SRdt – 2.0 L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve inter-cooled turbo diesel, with rear spoiler and sports styling

STi/STdt – 2.0 L 8-valve, luxury model, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel

Peugeot 405

Hunter – 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel, Special edition

Mi16 – 2.0 L 16-valve, 155#160;bhp (116#160;kW; 157#160;PS)

Mi16 Le Mans – 2.0 L 16-valve, Special edition Mi16, came with special edition red paint, alcantara (leather/suede) seats and alloys. 1,000 produced

1994–1996 range

Style – 1.6L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9 L 8-valve turbo diesel

Quasar – 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9 L 8-valve diesel, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel

GLX – 1.6L 8-valve, 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9 8-valve diesel, 1.9 8-valve turbo diesel

GTX – 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9 8-valve diesel, 1.9 8-valve turbo diesel

Executive – 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9 8-valve turbo diesel

Caddywagon

1996–1997 range (estate models only)

Style – 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve diesel, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel

LX – 1.8L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve diesel, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel

GLX – 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel

Executive – 2.0L 8-valve, 1.9L 8-valve turbo diesel

North American models [ edit ]

Three versions of the 405 saloon were sold in North America from the end of 1988; the 1.9 (110#160;hp (82#160;kW)) DL and S, and the Mi16 (150#160;hp (110#160;kW)). [ 4 ] The DL and S were available in estate form called Sportswagen. [ 5 ]

Iranian variants [ edit ]

Iran Khodro also produces several models derived from the 405. The Peugeot Pars. also known as the Peugeot Persia, is a facelifted 405 with a redesigned front end including clear lamp lenses and a revised rear. The Peugeot RD is a rear wheel drive car which has a 405 body and mechanical parts from the Paykan. [ 6 ] Since 2006, it has been sold in certain Middle Eastern markets as the Peugeot ROA. [ 7 ]

The Samand. which was designed to be a national car for Iran, is also based on the 405 platform. It replaced the long-running Paykan which was itself based on the Hillman Hunter. an ancestor (in corporate ownership and model positioning terms) of the 405, having been produced by the Rootes Group and Chrysler UK from 1963 until 1979 – the year that Peugeot purchased Chrysler’s European operations.

Peugeot 405
Peugeot 405
Peugeot 405
Peugeot 405
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