Land Rover Discovery – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

27 Dec 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on Land Rover Discovery – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Discovery I [ edit ]

77.4#160;in (1,966#160;mm)

The Discovery was introduced into the United Kingdom in 1989. The company code-named the vehicle Project Jay. The new model was based on the chassis and drivetrain of the more upmarket Range Rover. but with a lower price aimed at a larger market segment and intended to compete with Japanese offerings.

This was the only Discovery generation with four-cylinder engines.

Pre-1994 200 series Discovery I

In 1994, many changes were made to the Discovery and reached some markets as Discovery 2; the 200Tdi and 3.5#160;L V8 engines were replaced with the 2.5#160;L 300TDi 4-cylinder and 3.9-litre Rover V8 engines, the 300Tdi introducing a Bosch electronic emissions control for certain models and markets. At around this time a stronger R380 gearbox was fitted to all manual models combined with the flexible cardan coupling GAJ-1 from SGF for more comfort.

The newer models featured larger headlamps and a second set of rear lights in the bumper. The new rear lights had the wiring changed several times to meet real or expected European safety legislation. Some vehicles are left with an arrangement where the vulnerable bumper contains the only working direction-indicator lights; other examples have these lights duplicated in the traditional rear pillar location.

The designers of the original model had been forced to economise and use the parts-bin of the then parent-company, Rover. The 200 series used the basic bodyshell structure from the Range Rover, door handles from the Morris Marina. tail lights from the Austin Maestro van, and interior switchgear and instrumentation from the Rover parts bin.

The 1994 model year marked the first year that the Discovery was sold in the United States. Airbags were incorporated into the design of the 1995 model to meet the requirements of US motor vehicle regulations, though they were not fitted as standard in all markets. 1995 models sold in the US utilised the 3.9-litre V8 from the Range Rover SE models, and later models saw a change to the 4.0-litre version of the engine. [ 1 ]

Technically speaking, the 1996 to 1998 US models with 4.0-litre engines had the same displacement as the 3.9-litre engines fitted to the earlier 1994 to 1995 US models; the differences between the engines involved improvements to the block rigidity and pistons, and a change from the Lucas 14CUX engine management to the distributorless Generic Engine Management System (GEMS). In earlier 3.9-litre US engines the fuel injection computer (14CUX) did not control the ignition, which was instead controlled by a traditional system with ignition coil and distributor made by Lucas.

The 4.0-litre engines had a few important differences: larger, cross-bolted main bearings, revised pistons, revised intake and the GEMS system. It was developed jointly by Lucas and SAGEM and it controlled both spark and fuel injection. Unlike the earlier systems fitted to Rover V8 engines, GEMS was made OBD-II compliant.

This change was largely driven by the federal requirement (starting in 1996) for vehicles sold in the United States to meet the OBD-II specification.

As with all Land Rover vehicles designed since the Land Rover Series. which had switchable two-wheel and four-wheel drive. the transmission is a permanent four wheel drive system, with a locking centre differential at the transfer box. In common with much of the rest of the Land Rover range, the handbrake acts on the transmission at the back of the transfer box, therefore locking all wheels when applied.

In Japan, a badge-engineered version of the Series I was offered, called the Honda Crossroad. The Rover companies had cross-holding relationship with Honda U.K. since early-1980s. The relationship ended after Rover was taken over by BMW in 1994. (Honda revived the nameplate ‘Crossroad’ in another small sport utility vehicle in 2007.)

In the Republic of Ireland, local tax laws meant that the first ever example of a Discovery Commercial (van) was launched there in 1991. A revised version was launched in 1993, shortly after the UK market example of late 1992. The Irish examples have formed the basis of the Discovery’s success and high sales there, as most of the Commercials up to 2011 were virtually tax exempt.

Special editions [ edit ]

Country Life (Switzerland, 1991) . The Country Life was a five-door V8i Discovery with special interior trim, including a leather-wrapped Nardi steering wheel, wood door and console trim, and identifying decals. It also included a picnic basket. A total of 50 Country Life editions were built. [ 2 ]

Orienteer (Australia, 1992) . The Orienteer models were all three-door, equipped with the V8. They were fitted with five-spoke alloy wheels and driving lights, and compass side graphics. Seventy-five Orienteer Discoverys were built; because they sold out quickly, this special edition was offered again for the 1993 model year. [ 2 ]

Freestyle (France, 1993) . The Freestyle was available as either a three-door or five-door, and all were painted metallic blue and adorned with Freestyle decals. They were fitted with front and rear anti-roll bars and the Freestyle five-spoke alloy wheels. [ 2 ]

County Rider (France, 1993) . Intended to appeal to equestrians, the County Rider was equipped with a rear floor liner, rub-strips and wheel-arch protectors, mudflaps, floor mats, an adjustable tow hitch, and a saddle rack. Available as either a three- or five-door, all were painted green with special decals. [ 2 ]

Rossignol (Australia, 1993) . Named for Skis Rossignol. this was a three-door V8i painted in Caprice blue-green metallic and fitted with a ski rack. It was also fitted with rub strips, wheel arch protectors, and other items that were optional on the base models. [ 2 ]

Camel Trophy (Japan, 1995) . All were painted Sandglow Yellow, and built with roof racks to which were fitted metal Camel Trophy plates. Available was either the V8 with automatic gearbox, or 300Tdi diesel with five-speed manual. [ 2 ]

Sunseeker (Germany, 1996) . Fitted with a chromed front bullbar and painted metallic blue with special decals. All were in the five-door configuration with deep-dish alloy wheels.

Goodwood (UK, 1997) . Before it was discovered that the name Goodwood was controlled by the owners of the Goodwood Circuit. Land Rover had already planned production of 500 Goodwood special edition examples. They were painted British Racing Green (renamed to Goodwood Green) with coachlines and special badging, and trimmed with a leather-wrapped steering wheel and walnut interior accents.

All were also fitted with dished alloy wheels. Because of the legal objection to the use of the Goodwood name, the single unit built for the London Motor Show was the only one actually badged as such and the remaining 499 were left unnamed. [ 2 ]

Horse and Hound (UK, 1997) . Twenty of these were produced, as a result of a joint promotional effort between Lex Land Rover (of Maidenhead ) and Horse Hound magazine. All were five-door Tdi models with an individual series number and special decals. [ 2 ]

Argyll (UK, 1997) . Available as either a V8i or Tdi and painted either Oxford Blue or Woodcote Green. Re-introduced in 1998 as a three-door variant. [ 2 ]

Aviemore (UK, 1998) . Base on the seven-seat GS model, the Aviemore had special badging and was available as either British Racing Green over beige cloth or Rioja Red over gray cloth. It was also equipped with dished alloy wheels and a heated windscreen. [ 2 ]

Anniversary 50 (UK, 1998) . Designed to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Land Rover, this edition had special 50th Anniversary badging and either Atlantis Blue or White Gold paint. The interior was Lightstone leather, and the wheels were the Boost style alloy design. It was built as a V8 automatic or Tdi (with either the automatic or manual gearbox.) [ 2 ]

Safari (UK, 1998) . Again based on the seven-seat GS, the Safari was painted Epsom Green and was equipped with a rear ladder, roof rails, and additional fog lamps. It was available with either the V8 or Tdi engine, although the manual gearbox was only offered in conjunction with the Tdi. A total of 1,100 were built. [ 2 ]

Trophy (Netherlands)

Camel Trophy (Germany, 1998) . Painted Sandglow Yellow with Tornado style alloy wheels. Equipped with a snorkel air intake, trail lamps, a roof rack, a ladder, and a bullbar. [ 2 ]

Trophy (Germany, 1998) . Not to be confused with the Camel Trophy edition also available in Germany during the same year, the Trophy had alloy wheels and air conditioning, twin airbags, a front bar with additional lamps, and a special spare tire cover. The Trophy was only available with the 300Tdi engine. [ 2 ]

Esquire (Germany, 1998) . Like the Trophy, the Esquire was equipped with twin airbags, air conditioning, and alloy wheels, but it was also standardized with ABS and the interior was trimmed with wood and leather. [ 2 ]

Discovery Series II [ edit ]

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