History of the Toyota Land Cruiser (1950-2010) & ModernOffroader.com USA : SUV / Crossover / Truck / Hybrid

13 Jul 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on History of the Toyota Land Cruiser (1950-2010) & ModernOffroader.com USA : SUV / Crossover / Truck / Hybrid

History of the Toyota Land (1950-2010)

Look at the 2007 FJ Cruiser and you see echoes of the classic and Toyota Land Cruiser The FJ Cruiser not only pays to the FJ40, it also looks to the beginnings of Toyota, and to the beginnings of in the USA.

For not only did the Land FJ40 help Toyota its engineering, production and sales but those abilities, once provided the foundation for the design, and sales of the automobile lines followed the Land Cruiser.

the FJ Cruiser#8217;s styling recalls the the taproot of its family tree back past the FJ40 to a called the BJ, which descends a 1950 4#215;4 prototype the AK10. The BJ was Toyota#8217;s first utility vehicle and was powered by the prewar B-type 75 hp engine. sturdy 3.4L six-cylinder intended for use in medium-light trucks, not was perfect for the BJ but set a pattern the Land line followed for decades.

The BJ and the famed Willys Jeep had in common. Both were square-fendered utility vehicles consisted of basic open bolted to sturdy steel frames. Both used drive.

One important difference, was that where the Jeep a transfer case that low range, the BJ didn#8217;t need a low thanks to the torque of its engine and a with a low 5.53:1 first-gear

As proof of the BJ#8217;s ability to challenging ground, in July of a BJ piloted by Toyota test Ichiro Taira negotiated the up Japan#8217;s 12,388-foot-high Mt. Fuji all the way to six, further up the mountain any motor vehicle ever had Observers from Japan#8217;s Police Agency liked they saw. They an order for a fleet of BJs.

forestry and utility agencies notice and filed their own Eventually 1,300 were

It was an important and successful first but there was another to come. The BJ designation just didn#8217;t much poetry. After the vehicle cruise over the ground they could at it, in 1954 company officials up with a much more and fitting name: Land

Toyota had decided to begin the vehicle as the Land Cruiser 20 a basic 4#215;4 with top nor doors. Early recipients of 20 vehicles were Brazil and Arabia, which were as for the Land Cruiser as it was for them. Its and go-anywhere capabilities immediately adopted, and the Land Cruiser developing its reputation.

In 1955 of the BJ concept led to the BJ25, which a metal top and doors, along roll-down door windows. air conditioning also was available. attempts to bring a bit of civility to the BJ that Toyota had in mind markets than those by Japan#8217;s National Police or agencies in other countries.

It to penetrate the civilian market. And not with this vehicle. to the tenets of #8220;The Land Strategy,#8221; the Land Cruiser was more than merely vehicle to be sold.

It was the point vehicle that a base in each new country which Toyota moved so the Land Cruiser could be by Toyota passenger cars.

the old B-series engine was being out of production. Its replacement was the F-type a 3.8L 105 hp OHV six-cylinder gas unit.

Use of engine, starting in 1955, the FJ25. For a time, both and FJ25s were produced, but the end of B-series engine production, of BJ25s came to a close. of what the world knows Land Cruisers came the 20 Series as it was developed into an variety of types designed to fit the of each country into it was imported.

There were the standard models, of course, but also station wagons, with and short wheelbases, with two and with four.

Land quickly found their way to Malaysia, Kuwait, Jordan, and the Middle East, where were ideally suited to driving conditions in those Finally, in 1958, Land came to the United States. one unit was sold in that year.

That was about to In 1958 Land Cruisers known by the model-name FJ28V. But 1960 brought engineering and changes that heralded the of an icon. That#8217;s when the 20 took an evolutionary step the 40-series. The familiar fold-down solid axles and sturdy springs of the 25-series remained.

But revision provided the FJ40 its now-familiar flat, white angular lines, wrap-around windows and fold-out rear short overhangs, a horsepower to 125, a three-speed transmission and the of a two-speed transfer case. The worked, especially here in the From 1961 to 1965, the was Toyota#8217;s best-selling vehicle.

Early experience in developing amply illustrated the FJ40#8242;s as an exploration/expedition vehicle. Only one needed improvement: There enough space in which to the fuel and supplies needed for trips – this notwithstanding the of the FJ45V, a long, four-door of the basic FJ40, which was alongside the FJ40. So in 1967, to calls for a Land Cruiser more comfort, more and more cargo capacity, the was replaced with the four-door Cruiser 55 Series.

The 55 Series was a of the 40 Series, using hardware from the 40 Series. But it rolled a wheelbase that was lengthened by 16 To satisfy those looking for comfort than available the 40 Series#8217; utilitarian interior, the 55 offered a padded dash, a rear seat and seating for

The payoff came in production and numbers that nobody – at nobody outside Toyota – have predicted. By 1968, had built and sold 100,000 Cruisers. Demand for them was so that assembly was done in a of countries outside of Japan, Brazil and Pakistan.

The early 1970s were of development of existing Land models. For instance, in 1975 all Cruisers received an enlarged B-series engine and with it, a new transmission. This engine the Land Cruiser#8217;s reputation for torque, a critical element helped provide the Land with its ability to crawl obstacles on challenging trails.

By Land Cruisers were an part of rough-country life in the States. For miners, ranchers and the Land Cruiser was the vehicle of In fact, in 1971 a Land was driven the width of the United while surveying an off-road

By 1972, more than Land Cruisers had been worldwide, and 300,000 by 1973.

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