First Drive: Volkswagen Lupo 3L TDI

19 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on First Drive: Volkswagen Lupo 3L TDI

First Drive: Volkswagen 3L TDI

By by: Jamie Vondruska

Apr 3, 2003,

It wasn’t long ago the European thought the idea of a regular vehicle that consumes 3 of fuel for every 100 kilometers was a pipe dream. A challenge was put out to car manufacturers to produce such a and former VWAG Chairman Dr. stepped up to the plate and swung – he usually didn’t too many pitches when it to engineering feats.

What is the Volkswagen Lupo 3L TDI, the first 3-liter consumption car.

Positioned below the in Europe, the Lupo is the lowest Volkswagen model available At first glance though appearances can be very deceiving. The has an enormous green house makes the car appear very

Its width appears fairly as well and gives the Lupo an decent stance. Until you at the profile, particularly with the end to sheet metal behind the wheels, you then realize how the Lupo is in length. Overall if you put the Lupo next to a new Mini the Mini would appear at first glance due to packaging

With round projector headlamps and a slippery smooth end designed to cut through the wind, the has a very meek appearance is altogether feminine but somewhat at the same time, owing to the basic looking wheels and of any exterior frills – was the most frequent comment if anyone even noticed us.

So while the Lupo won’t get you it does however bring tree-hugging credentials in the economy A 3-liter consumption vehicle translates into about 78 per gallon of diesel – darn impressive and a first for any So how did Volkswagen do it?

How much time do you

Three cylinders, balancer direct injection with injector system, turbocharger variable turbine geometry, air cooling, minimized frictional in the valve gear, bearings and and even an aluminum alloy block: The development engineers in pulled out all the stops on this The result: the three-cylinder TDI achieves the efficiency world-wide for an engine of type.

The 1.2-litre three-cylinder under the hood is the first engine from Volkswagen the first diesel direct to have not only its cylinder but also its cylinder block in At just 220 lbs. the three-cylinder TDI is one of the lightest diesel power for passenger cars period.

of inherent design issues a three cylinder design, used a balancer shaft to vibrations and the result is an extremely engine. Injection is via pumpe high-pressure unit injector arranged in the cylinder head and by the camshaft. The higher pressure a more efficient burn improved performance and economy.

The TDI also utilizes a Garrett with variable-vane turbine At high revs and high the duct directing the exhaust gas the turbine blades forces the blades open to increase Correspondingly at low-rpm’s the vanes to produce a smaller surface with virtually no lag – it is like having two turbos in one

The 1.2-liter TDI has an output of 61hp and a torque of 140 Nm (103 lb-ft) is between 1,800 and 2,400 A pre- and main catalytic together with exhaust keep pollutant emissions to an extremely low level.

While the power figures don’t a good first impression, in mind the Lupo weighs in at 1,882 lbs – over lbs. less than a 1.8T. According to Volkswagen the top of the Lupo 3L TDI is 165 km/h (102 and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h mph) takes 14.5 The engine is not only unusually but also has decent thrust.

claims that the Lupo 3L can do better than 3 liters per 100 of consumption, although we were not to test this as we were to 3 days of in-town driving the low-sulphur fuel required for car is not available here and VW only had supplies. None-the-less, we never saw than 68 miles per gallon all our around town driving pretty impressive.

Fuel as low as this leads to a problem in months: Not enough fuel is to provide effective heating for the compartment. Volkswagen planned though with an electric heater that can pick up the where the standard system

At the time we drove the Lupo, we aware that it had a strange new but what VW didn’t tell us now is that it is in fact the new direct gearbox (DSG) found in the R32 and TT 3.2, albeit with different programming and one less

In simplest terms, DSG is a dual-clutch controlled transmission similar on the in appearances to a tiptronic automatic, but like a manual gearbox inside – there is no pedal. DSG utilizes 2 clutches, 2 input shafts and 2 sets of – 1st, 3rd, 5th and on one shaft and 2nd, 4th on the other. you see in the car looks very similar to a tiptronic gate with P, N, and E economy instead of drive) and a to the left for manual shifting.

the transmission into the E position and it very much like an transmission except that the always selects, independently of position and speed, the operating of the engine which are most for optimum fuel consumption. you come to a stop the transmission into neutral and after 4 of sitting the engine is shut automatically. Lift off the brake and the car right back up and smoothly the clutch.

A switch on the dash defeat the automatic starting and of the engine and adjust the shift to something a little sportier if you it. While driving if at any time the car is the transmission will also go neutral and the engine falls to idle to minimize friction and optimize economy. All of this is in operation and actually becomes to get used to since it requires no on the part of the driver.

In practice, direct shift has advantages: The engine is started the brake pedal depressed and the lever in Park. In position E the car off when the accelerator is depressed, and the can select between the Economy and the mode by means of the switch above. The battery and starter have been beefed up, to with the frequent starting.

The is designed to handle more 200,000 starts.

So the next is what kind of diet did put the Lupo on to get the weight down?

all external body parts are than the standard Lupo in of material and many elements of the under the skin have been revised.

The front doors and hood are made of as are many interior components. is used for the seat frames, and for the internal parts of the steering Aluminum is also used for the which replaces the bulkhead the engine and passenger compartments.

The itself has largely been to high-strength sheet steel, meant that the wall could be reduced.

Altogether 110 of weight has been saved on the alone- without any sacrifices of stiffness, long life or according to Volkswagen. With airbags, head restraints on all seats, multi-part safety column and collision protection in the doors, the Lupo 3L TDI possesses the safety features as all other It even has ABS with electronic pressure distribution as standard.

cooling air intakes in the front a streamlining of the sills, rear spoilers, the largely flat and the rear hatch extended at the top all aerodynamic fine-tuning with a cd of which is very good for a

The suspension systems of the Lupo 3L TDI McPherson struts at front, beam trailing arm axle at – have been redeveloped in the name of weight. the use of mostly aluminum components than 132 lbs. of weight been saved on the running

At front the damper struts, the the engine subframe and the brake are of Aluminum On the rear axle, the arms have been in steel. Coil springs and the latter in Aluminum, have separated as on the base model this separation giving room in interior hatch The rear drum brakes are Aluminum

The forged alloy of the Lupo 3L TDI not only have a advantage, but also a visual They carry low rolling tires (155/65R-14). Their consist of light Aramid

These, together with the technology for the tread, reduce resistance by some 30 per cent to Volkswagen.

Furthermore, springs, shafts, brake servo, and steering column have weight-optimized. Even the gas-filled which support the opening of the hatch and engine bonnet been lightened, being largely of Aluminum

The spare has been replaced with a can of and an electric air pump although is room for a spare tire if you can to add the additional weight!

All windows are of thermal tinted which for reasons of weight is thinner than normal. alone saves 6.8 lbs.

In its equipment the Lupo 3L TDI is anything but a economobile: The alloy doors a sturdy feel, the seats are in the same material as the most Lupo version. All seats adjustable head restraints, and the seats have Isofix for two children’s seats.

The dashboard has rev counter, fuel gauge, and an on-board computer – latter also displays instant and average fuel The gear engaged is also

Typical Volkswagen attention to detail is shown even at level with folding grab handles, sun visors integrated make-up mirrors, rear seat backrest can be fixed in two positions, numerous areas and chromed tie-downs in the area.

Electronic Stability (ESP) including EDL and TCS


On-board computer

Electric heating

Three-spoke, height-adjustable steering wheel

Automated shift gearbox with function

Belt tensioners and tension limiters at front

head restraints


Bump strips, mirrors and handles color-coded

Overall the still has a lot to offer even its obviously small-size and basic exterior. Passenger accommodations are good up front and decent in however hatch space is at a big – two bags of groceries fit next to each other.

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