Ferrari (Scuderia Ferrari) Profile – Teams – GP Encyclopedia – F1 History on Grandprix.com

23 Feb 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Ferrari (Scuderia Ferrari) Profile – Teams – GP Encyclopedia – F1 History on Grandprix.com
Ferrari

CONSTRUCTORS: FERRARI (SCUDERIA

Name: Ferrari (Scuderia

Kimi Raikkonen, Brazilian GP

The Cahier Archive

Enzo came from a well-to-do family which ran a metal-working The family had sufficient money to own an when Enzo was still a and cars were rare. saw his first motor race he was 10 years old when his father him and his brother Dino to a race the streets of the nearby city of and this sparked his interest in the

After World War I Ferrari that he wanted to become a driver with the FIAT After failing to get a job he hung Turin, met some of the FIAT people and found a job as a handyman a car dealer, driving ex-military south to be refitted and sold as Eventually he found a job with the CMN car thanks to his friendship with Ugo whom he had met in Turin. Ferrari part in his first motor in October 1919 on a hillclimb in at the wheel of a CMN. His showing was promising for an entry to be made on the Florio. He then went a period as a driver of an Isotta-Fraschini and popped up as the owner and driver of an (and very expensive) Romeo sportscar. In October he talked his way into the Alfa team for the Targa Florio, Giuseppe Campari. A few months he convinced Sivocco to join Romeo. While racing he established an Alfa Romeo in Modena. Ferrari raced on and off for Romeo for the next few years but up his influence in the racing department by others to join the team, FIAT engineer Luigi By then Alfa Romeo had its first Grand Prix car the P1. It was a disaster. Sivocco crashed one at and was ….

Bazzi suggested the company hire another engineer called Vittorio to develop the car. The result was the Romeo P2 which was an immediate in 1924 but in July 1925 the withdrew after its lead Antonio Ascari was … the French Grand Prix. P2s were locked away. Ferrari continued to run his businesses and on occasion. In 1929 Alfredo and Mario Tadini and others to fund the establishment of a racing which Ferrari would run for preparing Alfa Romeo With the money they he was able to hire Campari and the began to grow. When Romeo decided that it Campari back, Ferrari did a to get his hands on one of Jano’s P2s and hired a Tazio Nuvolari to drive it.

led to expansion and the team took on stars Baconin Borzacchini and Arcangeli and as the 1930 season Scuderia Ferrari increasingly seen as the Alfa Romeo team. At the end of 1932, as Jano was a new P3 racer, Alfa Romeo to withdraw from racing Ferrari tried to get his hands on the P3s but was As rivals Maserati and Bugatti had machinery Ferrari lost all his top as the team struggled on with old Eventually Alfa Romeo relented and the P3s were delivered to Bazzi and Alfa test Attilio Marinoni left Romeo to join the Scuderia and hired Luigi Fagioli and the Campari to be his drivers. The team was successful but at Monza in September was … in one of the cars. The same claimed the life of former driver Borzacchini.

At the end of the year Romeo handed over the racing department to Ferrari. He Achille Varzi. Louis and Carlo Trossi (a partner in the with Algerians Guy Moll and Lehoux as second string The rise of the German manufacturers make it increasingly difficult for to compete at Grand Prix Moll won at Monaco that but was … a few months later at At the end of the year Varzi left to AutoUnion. Ferrari managed to Nuvolari to return and hired Dreyfus to be his partner alongside That year Nuvolari a famous and outstanding victory the Germans at the Nurburgring in the old Alfa P3.

It was clear, however, that the could not compete with the and in 1936 Chiron moved to and Dreyfus to Talbot. Nuvolari and was joined by a new rising star Nino Farina. The modified were still not competitive and year the company appointed Ricart to see what could be to improve the performance of the cars. and Ferrari went to war against one and this resulted in the Spring of in Alfa Romeo buying 70% of Ferrari. The battle for power with Ferrari and Alfa on parallel designs. Ferrari’s produced a car which would become known as the Alfa 158 (known as the Alfetta). The Alfa factory developed their own and Nuvolari was so disappointed that he to join Auto Union. Romeo fired Jano and the announced that the racing was being relocated to Turin.

The little team continued to on the development of the Alfettas but soon all were rendered irrelevant by the of World War II, although Ferrari was fired by Alfa Romeo at the end of Ferrari used some of the he had been paid to establish a shop called Auto Costruzione and began producing for aircraft engines. During the war Ferrari acquired land at outside Modena, to build a new away from the bombing

With the war over and Alfa ‘s factories in ruins, Ferrari decided that he go it alone and build his own racing Bazzi and Gioacchino Colombo him. Colombo designed a new V12 and a car called the Ferrari 125. afterwards Colombo was ordered to Alfa Romeo.


But development of the continued and finally the new Ferrari were ready to compete. Franco Cortese raced the Ferrari at an event in Piacenza in May The car was leading when it broke Two weeks later Cortese the car at Caracalla in Rome and won. The was weak. The engine was reworked and to 1.9-liters and the cars were 159s but they were difficult to handle and Bazzi crashed one and broke his leg. One was for a race in Turin and Raymond gave Ferrari an important although the opposition was still mediocre. The result was that was able to rehire both and a youngster called Aurelio who had previously left Ferrari to Isotta-Fraschini. The success also a number of wealthy potential for Ferrari racing machinery.

worked to improve the 125 while designed the 166 which was to be made for customers. Luigi Chinetti a Ferrari showroom in New York and the went into business. The first major victory on the Mille Miglia in 1948 Clemente Biondetti .

Alfa was reviving quickly and when and Alfa went head to for the first time in the autumn of in Turin it was Jean-Pierre Wimille’s Romeo which won.

But at the of 1949 Alfa Romeo not to take part in Grand races. Maserati too dropped out and so was able to hire Alberto and Gigi Villoresi. the best of the day. Ferraris became winners while, in sportscar Chinetti and Lord Selsdon to win the Le Mans 24 Hours for Ferrari doing 22 hours of driving).

The new Championship beckoned in 1950 and Romeo once again its policy and re-entered Grand racing. The Alfas dominated the season, winning 11 events in 11 At the end of the year Colombo left as Lampredi ‘s V12 project was by Ferrari. But Ferrari was selling cars and the company was doing and in the 1951 season the team broke the Alfa Romeo in F1 with Froilan Gonzalez victory at Silverstone. Ferrari won the Mille Miglia but on that Ascari crashed into a killing a local doctor and the was dragged into a lengthy action with the Italian

At the end of the year Alfa Romeo from F1 again, leaving the Championship in disarray. It was decided to F2 regulations. This was good for Ferrari who had competitive cars for the new Lampredi reworked the cars and the Ferrari 500.

Farina and Taruffi joined Ascari and from the Indianapolis 500 ) the team won Grand Prix of the year Ascari collecting six consecutive and the Championship. The following year and Farina were joined by (who was out of action for much of and by British rising star Hawthorn. Ascari won five and a second World title. and Farina won one race apiece. It was not the end of the year that Juan-Manuel in a Maserati was finally able to Ferrari, in Italy .

The new 2.5-liter formula was introduced in and Ferrari stretched the 2-liter and designated the new car the 625. The car was not competitive the new Maserati 250F. Gonzalez won the GP and Hawthorn in Spain but otherwise dominated. The following year the driver switched to the new Mercedes-Benz and Ferrari won only one event, with driver Maurice .

In the course of 1955 Lancia ran -designed D50 chassis, but the team ran out of and Ferrari offered to buy the cars and Fangio was hired to drive in alongside rising British Peter Collins and Eugenio The team returned to its winning with Fangio winning times and Collins twice, the eventually handing his car over to in the final race. Away the race tracks, it was a sad year as son Dino died.

Fangio on to Maserati at the end of the year leaving to partner Mike Hawthorn and Musso. The Lancias were old, the British teams becoming stronger and Ferrari to win a race in 1957. It was a bad year for the as Castellotti was … while and the Marquis de Portago crashed a into the crowd on the Mille Twelve people, including children, were …. Ferrari was charged with

The man on the ascendancy within Ferrari was now Chiti and he designed a completely new car for the season, the 246 Dino. Collins. and Musso were retained as It was not a successful year as Vanwall the leading contender in F1 and at the French GP was …. A month later died at the Nurburgring. Hawthorn to the World Championship but then that he was retiring from the A few months later he too was … a road accident in England.

For the season Ferrari hired Brooks and Jean Behra and Phil Hill and Dan Gurney. Allison was also hired for outings. The team was not a happy Behra was fired after team manager Romolo Brooks kept himself in a chance of the championship until the end of the but after a brush with team mate Wolfgang von at Sebring he pitted for checks and the world title to Jack He left at the end of the year.

Ferrari Hill and von Trips for the 1960 The team debuted the first 246 at Monaco in the hands of American Ginther. while regular Allison suffered serious arm in a practice crash. The rest of the was not a success. The 246 was too old to compete. Chiti a new rear-engined 156 for the new 1.5-liter formula in and Hill, von Trips and Ginther retained as drivers with Baghetti joining the team in

The shark-nosed 156 proved to be an unbeatable car and Hill and von Trips fought for the Championship, Baghetti made at the French GP by becoming the first man in the of the World Championship to win on his debut. The title was settled in tragic at Monza where von Trips into the crowd, killing and 14 spectators. Hill was World

Soon afterwards there was a upheaval in the racing department Chiti, Tavoni and several key staff departed to set up their own ATS team. Ferrari promoted engineer Mauro Forghieri to the racing division. Eugenio was hired as team manager. and Baghetti were retained and joined by a young Mexican called Ricardo Rodriguez and a Italian star called Bandini. Forghieri realized he needed a completely new car but the team had to with the old machinery in 1962. At the end of the Hill and Baghetti both to join ATS. The old cars to be used in 1963 although prepared a new generation F1 car to integrate of the innovations which had been in England in previous years.

John Surtees was hired to for the team alongside Willy while a new young Italian Scarfiotti was tried. At the German GP crashed heavily and broke his arm ending his F1 career.

For the 1964 the team had a brand new V8 engine by Angelo Bellei. The company was involved in sportscar racing and the car business was being eyed by the Motor Company but F1 remained the and Surtees was able to win several with the powerful new V8. Jim Clark Lotus was a faster car but it was fragile and in Surtees was able to use his reliability to win the Championship. The final year of the formula meant that was little point in building a new for 1965. In sportscar racing and Porsche were pushing hard. That year Gregory and Jochen Rindt to victory at Le Mans in a NART but it was to be the last major victory for the in sportscar racing. Surtees did he could in F1 but Clark’s Lotus was

For 1966 Forghieri took the 3.3-liter V12 used in sportscar (which had links back to ‘s V12) and put it in the back of an F1 The result was a disaster and during Surtees found that a Tasman car was much quicker. was given the job of developing the V12 engine, Bandini drove the 2.5-liter V6 The team was divided by political and although Surtees won at Spa he left the at mid-season after a dispute Dragoni. Ferrari engineer Parkes was drafted in to replace him but the other win came from at Monza .

The new Cosworth DFV, set a new standard for F1 engines. Ferrari that things had to change and was fired to be replaced by journalist Lini.

Lini knew the team needed a top level alongside Bandini and decided 23-year-old New Zealander Chris was the best available choice. The were still large and but were an improvement on the previous but disaster struck almost when Bandini crashed at and was trapped in his burning car. He only a few days. Parkes but a few weeks later he crashed at Spa and suffered leg injuries which his F1 career.

Jacky Ickx was for the 1968 season but the cars not very competitive again and at the end of the Lini quit. That Ferrari agreed terms to the production car business to FIAT for Ferrari kept control of the team. With plenty of to play with Ferrari it was time to revive the team. could be done in the short and so the 1969 season was wasted Amon struggling with an car and Pedro Rodriguez replacing

At the end of the year Amon departed but coaxed Ickx back and a wild young Swiss called Clay Regazzoni and an called Ignazio Giunti. The 12 engine was developed and by the end of the 1970 the Ferrari was the fastest car. finished second in the World That winter Giunti was in an unfortunate sportscar accident in Aires but Ickx and Regazzoni again competitive at the start of the season. The updated versions of the 312 not a success and won only occasional in 1971 and 1972. Forghieri was to other work and Ferrari over development to a young engineer called Sandro Ickx and Arturo Merzario had moved to BRM ) struggled with the version of the car and the team ended the in total disarray, failling to several events.

Ferrari acted. Colombo was dropped and put back in charge. Luca di was hired to run the team. Regazzoni was and Niki Lauda was also to the team. The package worked. In Forghieri developed the 312B3. won in Spain and Holland and Regazzoni won in The team finished runner-up in the title to McLaren. The following Forghieri designed the 312T transverse gearbox). Lauda won races and the World Championship, Regazzoni stormed to victory in Ferrari had scored its first Championship successes for 11 years.

At the end of the year Montezemolo moved on, to be by Daniele Audetto. The 1976 should have been a performance. Lauda won four of the six races and at half-season had double the of points of any other driver. But at the he crashed heavily and was dragged the burning wreck on his car by other The Austrian’s recovery is now part of F1 Six weeks after the crash he was in action at Monza and in the final Championship showdown in heavy at Mount Fuji in Japan he from the race, handing the Championship to James Hunt. took the Constructors’ title. Lauda’s crash Ferrari had Carlos Reutemann as his replacement and Lauda recovered the team had no but to dump Regazzoni .

In 1977 ‘s 312T2 was just as as the previous car. Audetto and was replaced by Roberto Nosetto, who did not get on with Lauda. The Austrian was to show that he was still a and although Reutemann was the first to win a Lauda scored three and took the World title With the title over and a contract in his pocket, Lauda and fell out and so for the two final races of the Enzo Ferrari picked up a Canadian rising star Gilles Villeneuve. The team had new sporting director in the form of Piccinini. Villeneuve provided with a new lease of life. He drive any car as Nuvolari had done in the old In the first season he had a lot of accidents and it was to Reutemann to challenge for the World He won four times but Team had developed the ground-effect Lotus 79 and the car all records of success in one season. At the end of the Villeneuve won his first victory in Reutemann moved to Lotus for the season and so Ferrari hired Scheckter to replace him. 312T4 was a more aerodynamically-effective car and the massive horsepower from flat-12, the pair were in a dominant situation in the World Villeneuve won three races but collected more points and was happy to let his team-mate take the

The 1980 season was a disaster. was left behind by the aerodynamic of the British teams. The 312 T5 was an ungainly car and to win a race. Scheckter retired at the end of the and Ferrari hired a rising star called Didier The team developed a new 1.5-liter engine and the new car was designated the 126C.

had fallen way behind the British in chassis technology but the engine was and that year Villeneuve two memorable victories in Monaco and .

Ferrari

Midway through the year hired Harvey Postlethwaite. was not happy. Postlethwaite’s 126C2 was highly competitive but the 1982 soon turned into a At Imola Pironi nipped of Villeneuve to win the San Marino GP. Villeneuve was saying that the Frenchman had team orders. Two weeks Villeneuve died in a qualifying at Zolder. Pironi seemed to be on for the title and Patrick Tambay was to support him.

At Hockenheim. in the wet, Pironi ran into the of another car. The Ferrari and the Frenchman suffered terrible leg He would never race in F1 Tambay took up the fight, at the end of the year by Mario Andretti. The won the Constructors’ title but the Drivers’ to Keke Rosberg .

For the 1983 Ferrari hired Rene to partner Tambay. Arnoux was quicker and won three times. won once. The team won the Constructors’ again but the Drivers’ crown eluded them. At the end of that Tambay was dropped and Ferrari his first Italian driver for a Michele Alboreto and Arnoux Postlethwaite’s 126C4 but the team won one race, Belgium. in the face of -TAG domination. The political within the team increased and at the end of the Forghieri was ousted. Postlethwaite on as chief designer while the development was handed over to Renzetti.

At the start of the 1985 Arnoux was sacked and Ferrari up Stefan Johansson as its second but the package was not competitive against the -TAGs and the Williams -Hondas. won twice and finished runner-up to Prost in the World Championship. the winter Ferrari hired Jean-Jacques His to take over development while Postlethwaite on to design the new F1/86. The package was not a and in the mid-season Ferrari hired designer John Barnard. He to leave England but Ferrari to allow him to set up a technical headquarters in Factional in-fighting tore the apart but there was some at the end of 1987 when new signing Berger won the final two races of the

But the 1988 season was a disaster. The -Hondas were totally and in midseason the internal politics at finally came to a head. Ferrari supported John ‘s desire for the team to to V12 engines, while his son Piero Ferrari, Piccinini and Postlethwaite to continue with turbo Ferrari ousted his own son and gave the of the racing team to a FIAT man Giorgio Cappelli. Postlethwaite to join Tyrrell. Piccinini on to look after political but he was no longer running the team.

In Enzo Ferrari died. A few later at Monza Ayrton ‘s McLaren stumbled a backmarker and retired from the and Berger and Alboreto finished 1-2 for It was the only non-McLaren victory of the By then FIAT had taken the running of the team. Piccinini Pierguido Castelli was appointed director overseeing Barnard activities. There was immediate between the British and Italian of the operation and Ferrari began to for someone to replace Barnard. The also hired Nigel to replace Alboreto.

In March Cappelli was replaced as head of the department by Cesare Fiorio. the competitions director of Lancia and Romeo. Barnard ‘s new 641 in Brazil and Mansell won on the car’s Berger was fortunate to emerge from a fiery accident at and was not fully competitive until the In June the team announced Enrique Scalabroni would over chassis design John Barnard for the 1990 The team was later bolstered by the of another McLaren engineer Nichols. while Paolo was put in charge of engine development. remained technical director. At the end of the Alain Prost was hired to Berger.

The 1990 season was not a Scalabroni and aerodynamicist Henri were soon dropped and was put in charge of chassis design. A battle developed between and Prost. The Frenchman won five (Mansell won one) but he was beaten to the title by Senna. who ran him off the road in at the end of the year.

Mansell departed at the end of the and Ferrari hired Jean to be his replacement. At the start of the 1991 Senna ‘s McLaren was completely dominant and Prost to engineer the departure of Fiorio. appointed a triumvirate to lead the consisting of Piero Lardi Piccinini and Claudio Lombardi. the running the team. Castelli as technical director.

In October year Lombardi fired after the Frenchman made remarks about the car.

The of success at the team prompted to put Luca di Montezemolo in charge of the Ferrari company. Castelli was to a new job in Fiat. Lombardi became director with Postlethwaite to head the chassis design Nichols left to become director at Sauber. Alesi was by Italian Ivan Capelli but he to impress and was himself replaced at the end of the by Nicola Larini. In August after another season wins Ferrari rehired and a new British base was established. was put in charge of the production and the race while Lombardi was moved to the engine department.

For 1993 rehired Berger to partner but the car was still unable to compete Williams -Renault. In July named Jean Todt as the new director of the team. A few weeks Postlethwaite left and was replaced by Bianchi from Magneti-Marelli. were signs of improvement but the success came when won a fortunate victory at Hockenheim. At the end of the there was another technical with Lombardi and Bianchi dropped. Gustav Brunner was head of the chassis department Barnard as chief designer. was replaced as head of the engine by Paolo Martinelli .

The new Barnard -designed Ferrari was more competitive but the only came when Alesi a lucky victory in Canada. The improvement meant that was able to attract Michael for the 1996 season and as Berger to stay as his team-mate Ferrari Eddie Irvine from .

The new Ferrari F310 proved to be a with major gearbox at the start of the year but Schumacher the team’s hopes alive virtuoso victories in Spain. and at Monza. At the end of the year Ross was appointed technical director, Barnard as head of design and and Martinelli remaining in charge of the department. Brawn then Rory Byrne to be chief and Ferrari agreed to sell its design operation to Barnard. The was reworked by Barnard for the 1997 and Schumacher was able to win four and challenge Jacques Villeneuve for the Championship. The German driver to drive Villeneuve off the track at at the end of the year and as a result was disqualified the World Championship.

The first -designed Ferrari arrived in but by then McLaren -Mercedes had the dominant force in F1 and while won six times, Mika Hakkinen the World title. In 1999 struggled and Schumacher seemed to be on his way to the Championship when he crashed at Silverstone as the result of a mechanical and broke his leg. Irvine himself thrust into the Aided by McLaren’s mistakes and by orders which allowed him to Schumacher’s replacement, Mika at Hockenheim. Irvine found challenging for the World Championship. returned to action in Malaysia and another victory for the Ulsterman but in the showdown in Suzuka Irvine was beaten by Hakkinen but Schumacher second and so Ferrari was able to win the title for the first time 1983.

It was the start of a great Byrne produced the new F1-2000 the winter and Schumacher became first Drivers’ World since 1979. He and his new team Barrichello won Ferrari the Constructors’ in 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2004. Michael won five Drivers’ titles pulverising of the F1 records. The dominance and the attitudes it meant that the team’s became very unpopular, the backlash coming in Austria in when team orders the result. The fans rebelled.

By the end of the team was politically isolated in F1 and in was unable to compete with and McLaren but made a strong in 2006 – with paired with Felipe – although still the title to Renault. At the end of the year Schumacher retired and was replaced by Raikkonen. At the same time the lost technical director Brawn and Paolo Martinelli, the of the engine department but hoped internal promotions would disruption in 2007 to a minimum.

The did have an effect on the team in The wind tunnel maintenance failed and the team’s facility in was out of action for several weeks, the drivers to fall back in the Championships. Nigel Stepney, a employee, then became the for a spying scandal which in McLaren being deprived of its World Championship points and destabilised. Ferrari was able to get into the hunt and won the World at the last gasp in Brazil, Kimi Raikkonen taking the title with an improbable as McLaren’s novice Lewis threw away his chances.

The of 2007 was that there was bitterness about the affair in the F1 with some believing and some believing Ferrari. It take a long time for rift to heal.

There was change for 2008 with Todt standing down as principal and his place being by Stefano Domenicali. However the went into 2008 as to win the title.

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