Ethiopia Steps Up Education Budget to Over 25 Billion Birr – Worldnews.com

15 Jan 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Ethiopia Steps Up Education Budget to Over 25 Billion Birr – Worldnews.com

Ethiopia

Ethiopia ( #160; / ˌ iː θ i ˈ oʊ p i ə / ) ኢትዮጵያ ʾĪtyōṗṗyā ), officially as the Federal Democratic Republic of . is a landlocked country located in the of Africa. It is the second-most populous in Africa. with over 82 inhabitants, [ 3 ] and the tenth largest by occupying 1,100,000#160;km 2. Ethiopia is by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and to the east, Sudan and South to the west, and Kenya to the south. its capital at Addis Ababa. it is the most populous landlocked in the world.

Ethiopia was a monarchy for of its history, and the Ethiopian dynasty its roots to the 2nd century BC. [ 5 ] Ethiopia is one of the oldest sites of human known to scientists today, yielded some of humanity’s traces. [ 6 ] It may be the region from Homo sapiens first set out for the East and points beyond. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Rome, Persia, China and [ 10 ]. the Ethiopian Aksum Empire was one of the great world powers of the 3rd [ 11 ] [ 12 ] [ 13 ] During the Scramble for Africa.

Ethiopia was the only African beside Liberia that its sovereignty as a recognized independent and was one of only four African of the League of Nations. After a period of Italian occupation. became a charter member of the Nations.

When other nations received their following World War II. many of adopted the colors of Ethiopia’s and Addis Ababa became the of several international organizations on Africa.

Modern Ethiopia and its borders are a result of significant reduction in the north and expansion in the toward its present borders, to several migrations and commercial as well as conquests, particularly by Menelik II and Ras Gobena. In 1974, the led by Haile Selassie was overthrown as wars intensified. Since Ethiopia has seen a variety of systems.

Ethiopia is one of the founding of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), and the Organisation of African Unity Today, Addis Ababa is the headquarters of the African Union. the Pan Chamber of Commerce (PACCI) and [ 14 ] The country has one of the most powerful in Africa and Addis Ababa is the of the continental African Standby (ASF).

Ethiopia is the only African where an indigenous alphabet is widely used. [ 15 ] Ethiopia has its own time system and unique seven to eight years the Gregorian calendar. It has the largest of UNESCO World Heritage in Africa. [ 16 ]

The country is a land of contrasts, with waterfalls and hot springs. Ethiopia has some of highest mountains as well as of the world’s lowest points sea level. The largest cave in is located in Ethiopia at Sof Omar.

has one of the largest number of rivers in the while the country’s northernmost at Dallol, Afar is the hottest year-round anywhere on Earth. is a multilingual. multicultural and multiethnic of around 80 groups, with the two being the Oromo and the Amhara. of which speak Afro-Asiatic

The country is also famous for its gold medallists in running, churches in Lalibela, and as the place the coffee bean originated. Ethiopia is the top coffee and honey-producing in Africa, and home to the largest population in Africa.

The Ethiopian Aksum region was the major empire in the world to to Christianity and it was one of the first countries to adopt Christianity as a state in the 4th century. [ 13 ] Ethiopia has a Christian and a third of the population is Muslim. is the site of the first Hijra in history and the oldest Muslim in Africa at Negash. Until the a substantial population of Ethiopian resided in Ethiopia. The country is the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement .

Ethiopia, which has second biggest hydropower [ 17 ] is the source of over 85% of the total water flow and contains soils, but it nevertheless underwent a of famines in the 1980s, exacerbated by geopolitics and civil wars, in the … of hundreds of thousands. [ 18 ] however, the country has begun to and today Ethiopia has the biggest by GDP in East Africa and Central [ 19 ] [ 20 ] [ 21 ] as the Ethiopian economy is also one of the growing in the world. It is a regional in the Horn and east Africa. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] [ 24 ] [ 25 ] [ 26 ] human rights abuses been reported in Ethiopia Premier Meles Zenawi the country becoming a leading diplomatic and political force in [ 27 ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ]

Contents

Names [link]

The name Αἰθιοπία (from Aithiops . ‘an Ethiopian’) twice in the Iliad and three in the Odyssey . [ 30 ] The Greek historian specifically uses it for all the lands of Egypt, [ 31 ] including Sudan and Ethiopia.

Pliny the Elder the country’s name comes a son of Hephaestus (aka Vulcan) Aethiops . [ 32 ] Similarly, in the 15th Ge’ez Book of Aksum . the is ascribed to a legendary individual Ityopp’is . an extrabiblical son of Cush, son of said to have founded the of Axum. In addition to this figure, two of the earliest Semitic are also said to have the name Ityopp’is according to Ethiopian king lists. European scholars beginning c. [ 33 ] have considered the name to be from the Greek words I burn + ops face. [ 34 ] [ 35 ]

The name Ethiopia also in many translations of the Old Testament, but the texts have Kush . refers foremost to Nubia / [ 36 ] In the (Greek) New Testament, however, the term Aithiops, ‘an Ethiopian’, occur, [ 37 ] referring to a servant of or Kentakes . possibly an inhabitant of which was later conquered and by the Kingdom of Axum. The earliest use of the name Ityopya in the region is as a name for the Kingdom of Aksum in the 4th in stone inscriptions of King [ 38 ] who first Christianized the entire of the kingdom.

In English, and generally Ethiopia, the country was also historically known as Abyssinia . from Habesh . an early form of the Ethiosemitic name (unvocalized ḤBŚT). The modern Habesha is the native name for the inhabitants (while the country has called Ityopp’ya). In a few languages, is still referred to by names with Abyssinia, e.g. Arabic Al-Ḥabashah . meaning of the Habasha people. [ citation ]

The term Habesha . strictly refers only to the Semitic-speaking particularly the Amhara and Tigray-Tigrinya who have historically dominated the politically, as well as the Gurage and smaller communities like the of eastern Ethiopia. However, in Ethiopia, the word Habesha is used to describe all people Ethiopians and Eritreans. [ dubious – ] Abyssinia can strictly refer to the northwestern Ethiopian provinces of and Tigray. as well as central while it was historically used as name for Ethiopia. [ 39 ]

History

Prehistory [link]

East and more specifically the general of Ethiopia, is widely considered the of the emergence of early Homo in the Middle Paleolithic 400,000 ago. Homo sapiens . found at site Middle in Ethiopia, lived about years ago. [ 40 ]

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