Enzo Ferrari Biography

7 Apr 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Enzo Ferrari Biography

in Modena, Italy, Ferrari he up with little formal but a strong desire to race During World War I he was a mule-skinner, his Alfredo and brother Dino in 1916. Leaving the army, the firm had collapsed and Ferrari work with Fiat but only find it with the firm CMN. He took up in 1919, initially with success.

He left CMN in 1920 to at Alfa Romeo, racing cars in local races he had success. In 1923, racing in he acquired a Prancing Horse (a WWI pilot symbol), although did not make it onto a car until In 1924 he won the Coppa Acerbo at His successes in local races Alfa to offer him a chance of more prestigious competition and he was by Mussolini. Ferrari turned opportunity down and in something of a he did not race again until and even then his racing was mostly over. He continued to directly for Alfa Romeo 1929 before starting Ferrari as the racing team for

Ferrari managed the development of the Alfa cars, and built up a of over forty drivers, Giuseppe Campari and Tazio Ferrari himself continued until the birth of his first son in (Alfredo, known as Dino, who in 1956). The support of Alfa lasted until 1933 financial constraints made withdraw, it required the intervention of for Ferrari to receive any cars at Despite the quality of the Scuderia the company won few victories (1935 in by Nuvolari was an exception), Auto and Mercedes dominated. In 1937 took control of its racing again, reducing Ferrari to of Sports under Alfa’s director. Ferrari soon but a contract clause restricted him

from racing or designing for years.

He set up Auto-Avio Costruzioni, a company parts to other racing But in the Mille Miglia of 1940 the manufactured two cars to compete, by Alberto Ascari and Lothario during WW II he firm was involved in war and following bombing relocated Modena to Maranello. It was not until WW II that Ferrari sought to his fascist reputation and make bearing his name, founding in 1947.

The first race was in in 1947, but the first victory was not the British Grand Prix of The first championship came in when the Formula 1 season was with Formula 2 cars. The also sold production cars in order to finance the endeavours not only in Grand but also in events such as the Miglia and Le Mans. Indeed of the firm’s greatest victories at Le Mans (14 victories, including six in a row rather than in Grand certainly the company was more there than in Formula 1 the 1950s and 1960s despite the of Juan-Manuel Fangio (1956), Hawthorn (1958), Phil (1961) and John Surtees


In the 1960s the problems of reduced and inadequate financing forced to allow Fiat to take a in the company, Ford had tried to buy the in 1963 for $18m but had been The company became joint-stock and took a small share in and then in 1969 they their holding to 50% of the company (In Fiat’s holding was increased to Ferrari remained managing until 1971. Despite down he remained an influence the firm until his death. The of Fiat took some to come through however, it was not 1975 with Niki that the firm won any championships the skill of the driver and the ability of the overcoming the deficiencies of the chassis and But after those successes and the of Jody Scheckter in 1979 and Villeneuve in 1981 the company’s 1 championship hopes fell the doldrums from 1983.

Ferrari did not live to see the resurgence of his dying in Modena in 1988.

Together with his honours of and Commendatore in the 1920s, he was made a del Lavoro in 1952 received a of honorary degrees, the Hammarskjцld in 1962, the Columbus Prize in and the De Gasperi Award in 1987.

Enzo Ferrari: The Man, the the Races, the Machine by Brock (Doubleday 1991)

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