Citroën C5 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

6 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Citroën C5 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Citroen C5

First generation (2001–2008) [ edit ]

2005 Citroën C5 facelift

The first generation C5 was available as a five-door hatchback or five door wagon styles only. Unlike its predecessors, the C5 was a hatchback with a three-box design and a hatch. This form actually disguised the hatch, so Citroën has completely reversed the design philosophy from the fastback saloon era of Robert Opron. Power came from 1.8 and 2.0-litre straight-4 and 3.0-litre V6 petrol engines as well as 1.6, 2.0 and 2.2-litre direct injection diesel engines .

The first generation C5 was the last Citroën developed under the chairmanship of Jacques Calvet (1982–1999).

The C5 had a further development of Citroën’s hydropneumatic suspension, now called Hydractive 3.This suspension system is fitted to the C5 Exclusive model. Other C5 models do not have this suspension system(In some markets, all versions of the car was fitted with this system). The major change with this system was the use of electronic sensors to replace the mechanical height correctors seen in all previous hydropneumatic cars.

This allowed the suspension computer to automatically control ride height: at high speed the suspension is lowered to reduce drag and at low speeds on bumpy roads the ride height is raised. Manual control of ride height was retained, though it was overridden by the computer if the car was driven at an inappropriate speed for the selected height. Certain cars also featured the computer controlled ride stiffness seen on the Xantia and XM .

Citroen C5

In a major break with Citroën tradition, the brakes were no longer powered by the same hydraulic system as the suspension, but steering was. It has been speculated [ by whom? ] that the primary driver for this was the cost of developing electronic brake force distribution for the system when the PSA Group already had an implementation for conventional brakes. Another factor may be the highly responsive nature of ‘traditional’ Citroën brakes, which some have found hard to adjust to on other hydropneumatic cars, though it is felt by some to be superior. [ citation needed ]

In 2004, the C5 underwent a major facelift (new front and rear ends; same centre section) to bring it into line with the look of the new Citroën C4. The hatchback was lengthened from 4,618#160;mm (181.8#160;in) to 4,745#160;mm (186.8#160;in) and the wagon from 4,755#160;mm (187.2#160;in) to 4,840#160;mm (190.6#160;in). Also this new version got swivelling directional headlights .

The Hydractive suspension improves ride quality, keeps the car levelled, and enables the car to drive on three wheels if one tire is flat. The suspension is derived from the Hydropneumatic suspension used in the 1950s Citroën DS. Variations in height using the Hydractive suspension range up to 15#160;mm (0.6#160;in) in the front and 11#160;mm (0.4#160;in) in the back.

Citroen C5
Citroen C5
Citroen C5
Citroen C5
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