Children in rural and remote Australia experience a tyranny of distance (AIFS – Australian…

24 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Children in rural and remote Australia experience a tyranny of distance (AIFS – Australian…
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Etymology [link]

[əˈstɹæɪljə, -liə] in Australian [ 17 ] the name Australia is derived the Latin australis . meaning The country has been referred to as Oz since the early 20th [ N 5 ] Aussie is a common colloquial for Australian. In neighbouring New Zealand the Aussie is sometimes applied as a to the nation as well as its residents. [ 22 ]

of Terra Australis Incognita —an land of the South—date back to times and were commonplace in geography, although not based on any knowledge of the continent. Following discovery, names for the Australian were often references to the Terra Australis .

The earliest recorded use of the word in English was in 1625 in A note of del Espíritu Santo, written by Sir Hakluyt, published by Samuel in Hakluytus Posthumus . a corruption of the Spanish name Tierra del Espíritu Santo (Southern of the Holy Spirit) [ 23 ] for an island in [ 24 ] The Dutch adjectival form was used in a Dutch book in (Jakarta ) in 1638, to refer to the discovered lands to the south. [ 25 ] was later used in a 1693 of Les Aventures de Jacques Sadeur la Découverte et le Voyage de la Terre . a 1676 French novel by de Foigny. under the pen-name Sadeur. [ 26 ] Referring to the entire Pacific region, Alexander used it in An Historical Collection of and Discoveries in the South Pacific in 1771. By the end of the 18th century, the

name was being used to specifically to Australia, with the George Shaw and Sir James writing of the vast island, or continent, of Australia, Australasia or New in their 1793 Zoology and of New Holland . [ 27 ] and James Wilson it on a 1799 chart. [ 28 ]

The name Australia was popularised by the Matthew Flinders. who pushed for it to be adopted as early as 1804. preparing his manuscript and charts for his A Voyage to Terra Australis . he was by his patron, Sir Joseph Banks. to use the Terra Australis as this was the most familiar to the public. did so, but allowed himself the footnote:

This is the only occurrence of the Australia in that text; but in III, Robert Brown General remarks, geographical and on the botany of Terra Australis . makes use of the adjectival form throughout, [ 30 ] —the first use of that form. [ 31 ] Despite conception, the book was not instrumental in the of the name: the name came to be accepted over the following ten [ 32 ]

The first time that the Australia appears to have officially used was in a despatch to Bathurst of 4 April 1817 in Governor Lachlan Macquarie the receipt of Capt. Flinders’ of Australia. [ 33 ] On 12 December 1817 recommended to the Colonial Office it be formally adopted. [ 34 ] In 1824, the agreed that the continent be known officially as Australia . [ 35 ]

The first map on which the word occurs was published in St Petersburg in It is in Krusenstern’s Atlas de l’Océan [ 36 ]

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