Cadillac Fleetwood Parts and Accessories: Automotive: Amazon.com

2 May 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on Cadillac Fleetwood Parts and Accessories: Automotive: Amazon.com
Cadillac Fleetwood

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About This Model

Cadillac#39;s use of the term Fleetwood to describe its higher-end cars derives from the company#39;s association, starting in 1927, with the custom coachbuilder of that name. Initially, then, Cadillac#39;s Fleetwood models were those whose bodies and interior coachwork were built by that company on Cadillac-supplied chassis. Similarly, the Series 60 designation is best understood.

Cadillac#39;s use of the term Fleetwood to describe its higher-end cars derives from the company#39;s association, starting in 1927, with the custom coachbuilder of that name. Initially, then, Cadillac#39;s Fleetwood models were those whose bodies and interior coachwork were built by that company on Cadillac-supplied chassis.

Similarly, the Series 60 designation is best understood within the context of Cadillac#39;s overall series-based identification system, which remained in place on a formal basis through 1964, and was used more loosely afterwards. Since the introduction of the first Series 60 model, in 1936, the two names have been applied, both separately and in combination, to a bewilderingly inconsistent succession of Cadillacs. What follows is an attempt to apply a bit of order to that chaos.

The Series 60 first appeared in 1936, as the smallest and least expensive model in Cadillac#39;s line. It shared GM#39;s B body shell with Buick, but was trimmed by Fleetwood. In 1938 Cadillac introduced the first 60 Special, designed by Bill Mitchell. It was a dramatically styled sedan that marked the debut of several design features that would, in time, be adopted by the rest of the industry.

These included the elimination of running boards and trunk that was fully integrated into the body. During the years that led up to World War II, and the cessation of passenger car production for its duration, the Series 60 began its move towards the higher end of the Cadillac firmament. It was joined by the Series 61, 62, and 63, and in 1941 the name Fleetwood was applied to the model.

That usage became the norm in 1946, with the Fleetwood logo now applied to both the 60 Special and Series 75 limousine. Through 1964, the top-of-the-line standard Cadillac sedan could accurately be referred to as a Series 60, a 60 (or, sometimes, Sixty) Special, or a Fleetwood 60 Special.

During the first few years of that period, the model was characterized by a longer wheelbase than the lesser sedans (which were designated Series 61, Series 62, and, eventually, DeVille), a more lavishly furnished interior, and the conspicuous application of additional exterior trim. Like all Cadillacs, the 60 Special was given small let#39;s test the waters tail fins in 1948, and benefitted the following year from the installation of the division#39;s all-new overhead valve V8.

Power steering became available in 1952, and air conditioning was added to the option list the following year. Cadillac#39;s first four-door hardtop, the Sedan DeVille, appeared in 1956. The 60 Special adopted that body style the following year, and didn#39;t regain its B-pillar until 1965.

Over the years, both standard and optional equipment lists grew to include newly-developed amenities such as integrated heat and air conditioning, six-way power seats, automatic trunk pull-down. Similarly, horsepower was increased almost every year, to accommodate both customer demands and the ever-increasing weight of the car. In 1949, the new engine#39;s 160 horsepower was hauling a 4,129 pound 60 Special.

Ten years later the 60 Special#39;s 325 horsepower engine had no trouble dealing with the car#39;s shipping weight of 4,890 pounds. Cadillac settled on a single wheelbase after the 1958 model year, diminishing a key difference between models. That misstep was rectified in 1961, when the division began to fit the Fleetwood 60 Special with a more formal roofline to distinguish it from the other sedans.

In 1965 Cadillac did away with the formal Series designations. The division#39;s three series of sedans were now called Calais, DeVille, and Fleetwood. Their positions within the lineup didn#39;t change, though: the Calais replaced the Series 62, the DeVille (which already bore that name in the showroom) replaced the Series 63, and the Fleetwood replaced the Series 60.

Confusing the matter, at least for historians, is the fact that the Fleetwood was still called the 60 (or, more often now, Sixty) Special. The entire Cadillac lineup had been given a major facelift for 1965, and the Sixty Special now rode on a 133-inch wheelbase while the Calais and deVille retained the previous year#39;s 129.5-inch wheelbase. The 1965 model year was also notable for the introduction of the Brougham package, which included a padded vinyl roof and special badging.

The Brougham package proved so popular that Cadillac spun it off into a separate model, called the Fleetwood Sixty Special Brougham. Its amenities included the previous year#39;s padded roof, along with real walnut interior paneling on the doors and dash, and drop-down picnic tables and fold-down footrests for the back seat passengers. The Brougham model quickly outsold the standard Fleetwood Sixty Special, and for 1971 that model was discontinued, leaving the Fleetwood Sixty Special Brougham.

The Sixty Special designation was put on hiatus after the 1972 model year. Between 1973 and 1976 the same car would carry the simpler Fleetwood Brougham designation.

Cadillac Fleetwood

That naming convention was retained for 1977, when Cadillacs were subject to the same major downsizing as the rest of GM#39;s full-sized lineup. The Fleetwood Brougham lost its distinctive wheelbase and styling, and was now differentiated from the DeVille primarily by badging, standard equipment complement, and the interior#39;s level of plushness.

For 1980 the Fleetwood Brougham sedan got a more formal roofline, and was joined by a coupe. Both models shared all mechanical components with their DeVille counterparts, again differing only in their levels of trim and standard equipment.

In the mid-eighties, things got seriously confusing for Cadillac buyers. In 1985 the Fleetwood joined the DeVille line on Cadillac#39;s new front-drive platform. The following year, the name in its stand-alone form was reduced to being an option package on the Deville. Meanwhile, though, the old rear-drive Fleetwood Brougham continued to be available during 1985 and 1986.

In 1987 that model lost the Fleetwood designation, and was sold as the Cadillac Brougham through 1992. In 1993 the rear-drive Cadillac was restyled and once again wore the Fleetwood badge. It would do so until 1996, the platform#39;s final year of production.

Meanwhile, back on the front-drive platform, 1987 saw the return of the Fleetwood Sixty Special designation. This time around it was applied to a stretched wheelbase (by five inches) and opulently appointed version of the DeVille. This version continued into 1988, but the following year saw the Fleetwood Sixty Special once again sharing its wheelbase with the DeVille and standard Fleetwood.

This state of affairs continued until 1993. With the Fleetwood badge once again gracing the rear-drive model, the top front-drive sedan was called, simply, the Sixty Special.

Confused? So were Cadillac#39;s potential customers during that period, much to the delight of Mercedes, BMW, Lincoln, and Lexus dealers, all of whom could present buyers with a considerably more rational line of cars.

Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac Fleetwood
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