BMW M3 Coupé E36 – bmwdrives.com

14 Jan 2015 | Author: | Comments Off on BMW M3 Coupé E36 – bmwdrives.com
BMW M3

1992-1999 BMW M3 Coupé E36 photo

1335 mm

Source for technical Wikipedia and BMWheaven

All E36 M3s also a BMW M-tuned chassis and unique items both inside and Unlike its E30 M3 predecessor, the E36 M3 was not designed for competition use, but rather as a GT car.

The E36 M3 3.0 coupe was first at the 1992 Paris Motor The U.S.-spec version did not appear the 1994 Los Angeles International Show.

For the 1996 model BMW M replaced the E36 M3 3.0 with the faster and refined 3.2-liter version. For the market, this model was with the new S50 B32 engine, an evolution of the S50 as well as a six-speed manual and detail refinements to the chassis. For the (and later Canadian) the M3 received its own powerplant, the S52, ASC+T traction control and a of chassis upgrades.

Both were also treated to a few alterations.

The 3.2-liter E36 M3 was first at the 1995 Frankfurt Motor The North American-spec version did not until the 1996 New York Auto Show.

All 3.0-liter and E36 M3s were built on the regular 3 assembly line at the Regensburg near Munich with the of a small batch of coupes in South Africa from Semi Knocked-Down kits late 1993 and early exclusively for that market and a batch of M3 3.2.

Versions and Numbers

E36 M3 3.0

BMW initially produced the E36 M3 3.0 only as as a coupe. Convertible and versions were introduced two later. Each body was offered in left-hand drive and drive configurations. There was a limited run of E36 M3 GT coupes built in left-hand drive and right-hand

The U.S.-spec version of the 3.0-liter M3 was only as a coupe, with a of manual or automatic transmissions.

ECE (LHD): 11,284 built 03/92 thru 07/95

ECE (RHD): 3,152 built 03/93 thru 07/95

ECE GT (LHD): 350 built from thru 06/95 (plus 6 in 12/94)

SA coupe (RHD): 748 in SKD form from 09/93 05/94

USA coupe manual 8,515 built from thru 12/95

USA coupe (LHD): 1,705 built 12/94 thru 01/96

ECE (LHD): 1,403 built 03/94 thru 08/95

ECE (RHD): 572 built from thru 08/95

ECE sedan 868 built from 06/94 07/95

ECE sedan (RHD): 415 from 10/94 thru

The E36 M3 3.2 was immediately produced in coupe and forms, as well as a four-door Like the original 3.0-liter E36 M3, models were equipped two different powerplants, one for North (S52) and a second for Europe and the of the world (S50 B32). The model was offered from the in all three body styles, and in left-hand drive and right-hand configurations.

Of these, a small run of drive sedans was assembled in Africa from German-supplied in late 1996, and a further were fully built during 1997 and 1998.

The American-spec E36 M3 3.2 was initially offered in the U.S. market and only as a For the 1997 model year 1996 production), a North M3 sedan was added and Canada the S52-powered E36 M3 for the first time. An E36 M3 convertible was added exclusively to the market starting with 1998 production.

Though all American E36 M3 3.2 coupes were with a manual gearbox, the sedan and convertible could be with a ZF five-speed automatic

ECE coupe (LHD): 6,117 from 09/95 thru

ECE coupe (RHD): 2,845 from 01/96 thru

NA coupe (LHD): 11,793 from 04/96 thru

ECE convertible (LHD): 1,763 from 02/96 thru

ECE convertible (RHD): 2,107 from 02/96 thru

USA convertible manual (LHD): built from 03/98 08/99

USA convertible automatic 4,017 built from thru 08/99

ECE sedan 1,296 built from thru 01/98

ECE sedan 694 built from 01/96 12/97

NA sedan manual 4,574 built from thru 05/98

USA sedan (LHD): 4,036 built 09/96 thru 05/98

SA (RHD): 168 as Complete Knock (CKD) kits from thru 04/97, 532 as complete from 04/97 thru

Drivetrain

E36 M3 3.0

Though based on the production M50 24-valve inline-six in many BMW models of the era, the version of the S50 B30 engine has a number of components developed by BMW Motorsport renamed BMW M). These include:

bore (to 86mm) and … (to for a total of 2990cc

Increased to 10.8:1

Ported and polished head

Individual throttle for each cylinder

Heavy-duty springs

Continuously-variable VANOS timing on the intake …

Motronic M3.3 engine control

Dual mass

Free-flowing intake and exhaust

In this guise, the S50 B30 produces 286 hp at 7,000 rpm and 236 lb/ft of torque at rpm. These engines are with dual catalysts for all The European and U.S. versions of the S50 B30 share similar cast engine blocks and have an capacity of 2990cc.

However, the version (known as the S50 B30 USA) the less complex head and two-stage (non-stepless)VANOS valve system of the normal M50 engine which it is based. It also without the European-spec model’s throttle plates for each Compression is slightly lower at

One benefit of the U.S. version is it retains hydraulic lifters, periodic valve adjustments are not

The S50 B30 USA is rated at 240 hp (SAE) at 6,000 rpm and 225 of torque at 4,250 rpm.

creating the 3.2-liter M3 engine, BMW M upon much of the experience it had when designing the V12 engine for the F1 supercar. In the end, the S50 B32 incorporated the improvements over the S50 B30 engine in the original Euro-spec E36 M3:

Increased to 86.4mm (from 86.0mm) and … to 91.0mm (from for a total capacity of 3,201cc 2,990cc)

Increased compression to 11.3:1 (from 10.8:1)

BMW/Siemens MSS50 engine system able to compute 20 instructions per second

Double continuously variable valve on both intake and exhaust

Lightweight pistons

Improved flywheel

Graphite-coated conrods

inlet valves

More intake and exhaust systems

oil pump

The result of these boosted horsepower from 286 hp at 7,000 rpm to 321 hp (DIN) at 7,400 Maximum torque also from 236 lb/ft at 3,600 rpm to 258 at 3,250 rpm. This was the street-legal BMW engine to achieve 100 hp per liter.

Gearbox

E36 M3 3.0

All 3.0-liter E36 M3s of engine type have a ZF C five-speed manual gearbox the following ratios: 4.20 2.49 (2), 1.66 1.24 (4), 1.00 This is mated to a limited differential (25%) with a final drive.

In addition, the 1995 M3 was available with a ZF five-speed automatic transmission as an starting with 12/94 This unit offers driver-adjustable modes (normal, and winter) and uses the following 3.67 (1), 2.00 1.41 (3), 1.00 74 (5).

It comes mated to a final drive with slip differential.

E36 M3 3.2

There four different transmissions on 3.2-liter M3s. European-spec have a Getrag six-speed transmission with the following 4.23 (1), 2.51 1.67 (3), 1.23 1.00 (5). 83 (6).

This same gearbox was used (with the same as the internals of the Sequential M Gearbox

The North American-spec 3.2-liter E36 M3 the ZF Type C five-speed manual of the 3.0-liter version, with the internal ratios: 4.20 2.49 (2), 1.66 1.24 (4), 1.00 Starting with the 1997 year, the ZF 5HP18 five-speed returned as an option with the internal ratios used on the model: 3.67 (1), (2), 1.41 (3), (4). 74 (5).

All 3.2-liter M3s with a manual gearbox SMG) use a shorter 3.23:1 drive and limited slip North American-spec M3s with the ZF automatic transmission have an shorter 3.38:1 rear also with limited In addition, all 3.2-liter North E36 M3s are equipped with Automatic Control plus Traction which can apply the brakes reduce engine power in to maintain traction.

It includes an warning light under the M in the instrument cluster and can be switched off via a button.

In 1997, BMW introduced the M Gearbox (SMG) as an option on the E36 M3 in some markets. Using the of the Getrag six-speed manual SMG employs an electronic clutch by a magnetic valve that is by pulling or pushing on the gear Two further valves operate a of hydraulic cylinders that engage each gear, allowing for shifts to occur in as as 0.4 seconds.

The SMG electronics are integrated the Siemens engine management to put the engine and gearbox in synch. The includes an automatic mode, indicator in place of the engine oil gauge below the tachometer, and a upshift light under the M in the instrument cluster.

Chassis

E36 M3 3.0

The E36 suspension is based on that of the E36 3 Series, with MacPherson in front and the multi-link “Z-axle” in the However, BMW M made the following when adapting the system to the M3:

decreased by 31mm (1.2-in.)

increased by .55mm (front) and (rear)

Firmer shocks and

Reinforced spring mounting

Thicker anti-roll bars

suspension geometry

In addition, all M3s have a special M-tuned rack with a variable (from 15.4:1 to 19.8:1) and power steering.

All 3.2-liter E36 M3s the following chassis revisions to the 3.0-liter version:

Revised geometry with increased castor

Firmer springs and shocks

wheel hubs

Front bar linked to struts for lighter

Quicker steering ratio reduced from 17.6:1 to

Note: European-spec E36 M3 3.2 sedans the same suspension settings as the E36 M3 3.2

Brakes

All 3.0-liter E36 M3s are fitted four-wheel vented disc measuring 12.4-inches or 315mm and 12.3-inches or 313mm (rear) in with a thickness of 28mm.

and tires

E36 M3 3.0

For the E36 M3 3.0, BMW M specified tires on all four corners. each body style was a unique set of wheels. The coupe Euro-spec and U.S.-spec) wears M Double Spoke cast wheels.

A lighter forged M Spoke version was optional on models from the start of and became optional on U.S.-spec M3s in December, 1994. These are fitted in a staggered configuration, 7.5×17-inch wheels in front and wheels in back. A polished of this wheel was standard on the E36 M3

The sedan has its own wheel design, the M II, also in the staggered (7.5×17-in./8.5×17-in.) This wheel is also to the U.S.-spec M3 coupe with Package, though only in the 7.5×17-inch version.

BMW M3

For all versions of the E36 M3, BMW M replaced the previous model’s tires with a staggered specifically narrower 225/45ZR17s in the and wider 245/40ZR17s in back. The are mounted on one of three wheel all measuring 7.5×17-inch (front) and (rear).

European-spec models to utilize one specific wheel for each body style: M Spoke II for the coupe, forged M Spoke with a polished for the convertible (optional on the coupe) and M II for the sedan. On North American the M Double Spoke II became the wheel for all body styles, the forged M Double Spoke and M II as options. The latter was fitted to all M3s with the optional Luxury and became an individual option as of production.

Cosmetics

E36 M3 3.0

Aside the wheels, E36 M3s can be distinguished from a E36 3 Series by their more lower body panels of a front airdam with mesh intake, highly-sculpted valance panels and lower diffuser with large-diameter tips. In addition, the protective rub strips are wider and contain the logo, and the side-view mirrors are of the M design. A body-color M-Technic spoiler with either the BMW script or a third brake could be fitted as an option in markets (except on convertibles).

E36 M3 3.2

The E36 M3 3.2 can be identified from the 3.0-liter by the following features:

Black front airdam insert in of the earlier body-color version

doors (ECE-spec M3 coupe and M3 only)

Clear turn lenses (ECE-spec models

M Double-Spoke II alloy wheels in 7.5×17-in. (front) and 8.5×17-in. sizes for ECE-spec coupe and models

Dakar Yellow II paint offered in place of Yellow (267)

Techno metallic (299) paint in place of Daytona Violet (266)

Estoril Blue (335) paint offered in of Avus Blue metallic

European version vs. U.S. – exterior

There are few differentiators between the two versions. like all E36 3 Series sold in the M3 is not fitted with ellipsoid or a rear fog light, both features of the European version. U.S.-spec models were available with headlight

Interior

E36 M3 3.0

The interior of the 3.0-liter E36 M3 has special items that are to this model: an M instrument with red needles and the M logo, sill plates with the M3 a black headliner and a shift with the M tri-color stripe. All E36 M3s are with the Check Control function monitoring system.

different steering wheels offered on the E36 M3. Some very examples have the three-spoke II wheel without an airbag, but have either a non-M wheel with a Euro-size or a four-spoke wheel with a airbag. Cars built September, 1993 use this in the normal BMW design.

After time, the standard airbag was replaced with an M version a thicker rim and raised thumb plus a redesigned horn pad and M stitching on the rim. This was the wheel available on North M3s.

Unique to the E36 M3 coupe are M sport seats with headrests in either M cloth Amaretta suede bolsters or leather with the M tri-color

E36 M3 3.2

Though essentially identical in and equipment to the earlier model, the of the 3.2-liter E36 M3 differs in the following

Restyled M-Cross cloth in place of Hurricane cloth only)

Shift knob M logo instead of M stripe

door inserts included leather upholstery on all models

Natur Nappa leather offered

Magma Nappa leather offered

Sand Beige leather interior offered 9/98, USA only)

Champagne, White/Black, Classic Red/Black and Blue/Black Nappa leather discontinued

In addition to the above upgrades, the 3.2-liter M3 interior from the following improvements to most E36 3 Series models as of 1995 production:

One-touch added to the optional power

Revised audio systems and Harman/ Kardon upgrade 320 watts and 6-disc CD changer in most markets)

Console-mounted lock switch added American models only)

Console Valet (North models only)

European vs. U.S. Version –

The sole item that is to the interior of E36 M3s built for the American is the instrument cluster. Though it its red needles and M logo with of the Euro-spec car, the U.S. has a 160-mph speedometer (in place of the 280 mph unit) and a unique tachometer a graduated redline and integrated (in place of an oil temperature gauge).

standard equipment was more than on the European-market M3, and included:

Air

10 speaker Alpine radio/cassette system, prewired for CD changer

of M cloth/Amaretta suede or Nappa seating at no extra cost

equipment

E36 M3 3.0

European-market E36 M3s could be with almost any 3 Series including headlight washers, paint, a rear spoiler available on the convertible), air conditioning, upholstery (standard on the convertible and power sunroof, power heated seats, manual window sunshade, the fourth-generation computer, cruise control and headrests.

On U.S. models, were initially limited to a sunroof, cruise control and front seats. The fourth-generation computer became optional a few after production began, and M Double Spoke alloy were added to the option by the end of 1994. An M-Technic rear was a dealer-installed option from the of production and became a factory in January, 1995.

E36 M3 3.2

The option of the 3.2-liter E36 M3 continued largely from that of the 3.0-liter with the exception of a few new items Harmon/Kardon audio system, side airbags (standard in America from 9/97 power rear vent for the coupe (not available in America), Extended Burl wood interior trim for the and convertible (not available in America), and the SMG gearbox (not in North America).

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