BMW 3 Series (E30) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

23 Aug 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on BMW 3 Series (E30) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BMW 3-Series

BMW 3 Series (E30)

The BMW E30 is a compact executive car with rear-wheel-drive layout (except the all-wheel-drive 325iX) produced by BMW. The BMW M3 was first introduced on the E30 platform. The E30 was released in 1982 and replaced by the BMW E36 in 1992.

BMW continued to produce the cabriolet (convertible ) E30 well into 1993 and the touring until 1994.

The cars were powered by a range of inline 4-cylinder and inline 6-cylinder engines. The E30 BMW M3 was fitted with a high-revving 4-cylinder petrol engine (BMW S14 ) which produced 175 kW (238 PS; 235 hp) in its final European-only iteration. [ 1 ]

Body styles Edit

The E30 3-series was penned by Claus Luthe, the author of the NSU Ro 80 and the BMW E28 5-series. [ 2 ] It was produced as four and two door (often referred to as a coupe) saloons, two-door convertible (the M3 cabriolet was only offered for the European market), cabriolet by Baur and five-door estate (marketed as the touring)

The BMW M3 utilised a widened and heavily redesigned variation of the 2-door body style. The M3 shares few body parts with other E30 models; [ 3 ] however, many M3 parts can be used on the other body styles and are interchangeable offering the consumer an OEM upgrade..

Production history Edit

Initial release (1982) Edit

Externally, the appearance is very similar to the E21 predecessor, however there are various detail changes in styling to the E30. Major changes over the E21 include interior features and revised suspension (to reduce the oversteer which the E21 was criticised for). [ 3 ]

BMW 3-Series

The primary distinctive feature of the BMW E30 models produced for the North American market in 1984–1987 are the elongated front/rear aluminum bumpers. These bumpers are commonly known as diving boards. [ 4 ]

Minor update (1985) Edit

This updated included changes to exterior and interior trim. The 323i model was replaced with the 325i at this time. [ 5 ]

Major update (1987) Edit

In September 1987, BMW introduced a major update to the E30 (often called Series 2 [ 5 ] or update). The changes to the lineup were the addition of the touring (station wagon) variant and removal of the 325e model. The M10 4-cylinder engine was replaced by the M40.

External styling changes included the front bumper, rear lights, rear apron, headlight reflectors and licence plate frame. Rust protection was improved with the update. Various mechanical changes were made, including updating of the engine range.

In 1988, the anodized aluminum bumpers for the North American market were shortened by revising the cover/fillers and shortening the shocks. In 1989 the aluminum bumpers were replaced with shorter body-color plastic bumpers. [ 6 ]

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BMW 3-Series
BMW 3-Series
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