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BMW 316

BMW 3 series – VITES BMW 316 1990

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The BMW 3 Series is a executive car manufactured by the German BMW since May 1975. Successor to the BMW New it has been produced in five generations and in no less than different body styles. It is best selling vehicle, for nearly 40% of the company’s car sales in

E21, First generation,

The E21 line was produced from May 2, (1977 in the USA) through Originally a replacement for the BMW 2002, the 3-Series was a two-door saloon only. A factory authorised version was also built by

The series was superseded by the BMW E30 series.

The design of the E21 marked the introduction of a new concept for BMW, with the console angled towards the This feature has become of BMW’s interior design for many years. As a sign of safety, all edges and control within the interior were off and padded.

At the E21’s release, models were available: 316 (1.6 litre), 318 (1.8 and 320 (2.0 litre) versions of the BMW M10 cylinder engine. To draw visual distinction within the new series, the 320 models came dual headlights, while the 316 and 318 had round headlights. It was greatly whom?]

At the 1977 Frankfurt Motor BMW unveiled its new variants of the E21, the new six-cylinder M20 engines. The four 320 model was replaced with the featuring a 2.0 litre version of the M20 The 323i model was introduced, 2.3 litres and 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp).

The system was also upgraded, the 323i featuring disc on all wheels.

For the 1979/80 model the four-cylinder models were the 1.8 litre power unit was and entered the market as a 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) carburetor in the 316, while addition of K Jetronic fuel injection to the 1.8 engine raised the 318i to 105 PS (77 kW; 104

Since there was now also for a new entry-level model, the 315 powered by a 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) 1.6 M10 engine made its appearance in

The E30 was sold from 1982 1991 in saloon form, 1993 in convertible form. The introductory price of US$18,210 was double that of the E21 just 7 earlier, but the availability of a six cylinder and 4-door body style (in earned sales. The torquey eta six in the produced 121 hp (90 kW) and 172 lb•ft (233 of torque, but met the strict emission of the time.

The E30 was the most powerful BMW offered in the United States the 2002 Tii.

The lineup was joined in 1985 by the 325i and 325i s. Though the displacement was reduced to 2.5 L, output was up to 168 hp kW) but torque dropped to 164 lb•ft N•m) as the company focused on rather than economy. The rev for the new motor was raised from rpm to 6500 rpm.

The 325i s was an from the standard 325i. as new features were added to the car as These included the full package, black roof-liner, BMW is kit, BMW 14 inch BBS Basketweave and a Close Ratio gearbox. features also found on the s were options, however time, some have mistaken for standard features.

options include a 25% Limited Differential (LSD), M Sport with Bilstein struts, II Steering wheel, BMW sports leather interior, sunroof and BMW 15 BBS wheels. Options differed on produced in the United States.

In a left hand drive all wheel drive version, the joined the lineup with a version being introduced in 1987. The four-cylinder 318 was dropped in but was brought back with a 1.8 L DOHC motor (M42B18) for

In the end of 1987, BMW introduced the touring of the E30. It was very popular its production up to 1994. It was available a 1.6, 1.8, 2.0 or 2.5 litre and also 2.4 litre turbo

The most powerful American BMW E30 in came in the form of the M3. It used a 192 hp kW) S14 straight-4 with a 4-valve adapted from the M88 six and Bosch injection.

E36, Third 1990-2000

The E36 BMW 3 Series is an entry-level car / compact executive car. It was the to the BMW E30 and was eventually superseded by the BMW E46 starting in for saloons, and 2000 for coupes and The E36 was introduced in 1990.

The E36 experienced success in the market. It laid foundations for the success that the BMW E46 in subsequent years.

The E36 was sold 1990 until 2000 in bodystyles. It employed the Z-axle suspension in the rear which had proven in the Z1. VANOS variable timing was introduced on the DOHC L6 in 1993.

BMW 316

The four-door E36 was produced early 1990, initially for in Europe only, and was introduced to worldwide markets up to a year The E36 coupe was produced from with the Cabriolet version in 1992. The 3-door hatchback was introduced in 1994 and was moderately in Europe.

The BMW Compact was identical to the E36 saloon from front to A-Pillar. Everything else was namely its rear semi-trailing arm based on the old E30, instead of the Multilink employed in all other The Z3 and M Coupe have similar suspension setups as well.

BMW developed several prototype versions of the Compact model to the role of an upmarket competetor to the Golf, but these never production. The Touring estate began production in 1994, but was offered in the United States.

The 2.5 L used in the 325 models was replaced in with the 2.8 L M52B28. creating the line. Another 2.5 L engine, the was reintroduced in 1998 but the cars sold as 323 rather than

E46, Fourth generation,

he E46 is the fourth generation of BMW’s 3 entry-level luxury car / compact car. The saloon was introduced in and replaced the E36 saloon the same The initial inline-6 engines were the 2.5 L 323 and 2.8 L 328 (the 323 badge did not engine displacement but it was numbered as to increase the spread between models).

The touring and coup#233; appeared in 1999 with newly designed steptronic transmission, and the convertible and M3 later in The E46 Compact, a 3-door hatchback, was in 2001 to be sold in European and markets. xDrive all-wheel was introduced as an option in 2001 for hand drive markets due to clashes between the running steering rack.

2002 E46 saloon Facelift

In the E46 lineup received an engine when the new M54 engines appeared for Year 2001 cars the M52TU engines; with the new 3.0 L 330 the 328, and the 2.5 L 325 replaced the 323. a 2.2 L engine was introduced in the 320i. of the engine and exhaust upgrades, were few cosmetic changes, the noticeable being the 330 receiving accents on the front fascia.

in 2000, the E46 lineup expanded to the new (model year) 2001 M3

The M3 only came in a coupe and (model year 2002) with either a 6 speed or SMG. Unlike its predecessor, the E46 M3 very few parts with the 3 series. The exteriors of the two cars shared the doors, roof, and

The exterior of the M3 had wider fenders and M bumpers, side skirts, a protruding hood, spoiler, and the new of M marked grills on the front and four exhaust pipes. The of the M3 was accented with an M steering seats, rear view and instrument cluster.

The first overhaul occurred when the E46 underwent a facelift from 2001, which included headlights, new bumpers and a stiffer Also, the 316i and 318i received new, more engines. Then from 2003 the coupe and convertible had a which included new headlights, new wings and bumpers, new selections in colour, and redesigned sidemarker and LED tail lights.

The M3s got a much more mild that same year, the inclusion of the updated boot and LED lights from the coupe/convertible.

being introduced last, the E46 was the first to be replaced when the 1 was launched in September 2004. In the E46 saloons were phased out the introduction of the new E90 saloons. The E46 touring was replaced later that with E91.

The E46 remained in as coup#233;, convertible and M3 until the E92 and E93 convertible was revealed in late The new M3 coup#233; concept was later in March 2007 during Motor Show.

The E46 experienced success in all markets and was widely the performance benchmark of its class. The year for the E46 was 2002, when vehicles were sold

As a credit to the E46 series, it was chosen for Car and Magazine’s 10 Best Cars year of its production. See Car and Driver Ten

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