1979 – 2002 Toyota Supra – Top Speed

27 Jul 2014 | Author: | Comments Off on 1979 – 2002 Toyota Supra – Top Speed

1979 – 2002 Supra

price: $45000 6 speed manual Horsepower @ 320 MPG(Cty): 18 MPG(Hwy): 23 Torque @ 4800 Displacement: 2997 L time: 5.1 sec. Top Speed: 155 mph

The Supra was one of the most iconic sports cars ever for the U.S. In its final generation, the Toyota bordered on supercar and appearance, leaving a lasting on car nuts everywhere. While the generation of the Supra is well and understood by most novice only true car nuts and enthusiasts really know the earlier generations.

You see, the actually dates all the way back to when Toyota decided it something that could the popular Z-cars a run for their With this decision, took its resident sports the Celica. stretched it out a little, in a slightly more powerful and called it the Celica Supra.

As went on, the Supra gained popularity and Toyota wanted to the Celica to a front-wheel-drive vehicle. brought about the deletion of the prefix, leaving just the This name change was the to success, as the Supra steadily faster car up until its elimination the U.S. market in the late-1990s.

Now rumors circulating about a MK V Supra. we figured it is time to you a full historical review of the Supra model.

First (1979 – 1981)


The only change of note in was the addition of the Sports Performance This package added in and rear spoilers and raised-white-letter



Much the rest of the cars in its era, the was a super-simple car on the inside, when to today’s cars. However, to the cars of its era, the Supra was as high-tech as they came. It optional power windows, door locks, cruise and special door trim.

As for features, the Supra included: a map light and flip-top storage tilt steering; seatback rear-hatch-mounted tonneau cover; and a AM/FM radio with an clock. To help you better the shifts, the Supra also a standard tachometer.

1980 1981

In 1980, the interior was changed with the addition of a center console and an advanced-for-the-era digital clock. As optional starting in 1980, buyers get leather seating and an unheard-of climate-control system. This continued through 1981.


1979 –

The Supra was introduced in Japan a pair of engines that produced 110 horsepower and 136 pound-feet of a 1,988 cc in-line six-cylinder and a cc in-line six-cylinder. Toyota the former engine the M-EU and the the 4M-E. Along with engines, Toyota offered up a five-speed manual transmission or a automatic.

When the Supra it to the U.S. in January of 1979, it only with the 4M-E In 1980, the drivetrain carried on


In 1981, Toyota the 4M-E engine in favor of the which took the in-line displacement up to 2,759 cc. This the Supra 116-horsepower and 145 pound-feet of Also added in was a new A43D automatic transmission with an final-drive ratio.

The 1981 timed out at 10.24 seconds to 60 mph and it clear the 1/4-mile in 19.5 at 77.7 mph.

Suspension and


Not only was the Supra and modern for its era and class, but it also handling that was slightly of its time. The 1979 Supra had brakes all the way around to bring it to a quickly. Keeping the coupe on the was a MacPherson strut front with a stabilizer bar combined a four-link rear suspension coil springs on the backside.

With exception to the new aluminum for a lower unsprung weight, the suspension and braking system unchanged for 1980.


We spoke of the Sports Performance earlier; well, it did more just make the 1981 look better. It added in a suspension system to help the sport coupe glued to the The base suspension remained the for 1981.

Second Generation – 1986)


In Toyota fully redesigned the giving it new pop-up headlight and an sportier presence. The body by just shy of 2 inches in overall 2.7 inches in width and 1.2 inches in Despite the growth, the wheelbase shrunk by 0.6 inches.

It also about 200 pounds of extra heading into the second The Supra was also divided two classes, the P-Type (Performance) and (Luxury).

The 1986 model was supposed to be the debut year for the Supra, but production delays Toyota to continue offering the generation. This brought the of the L-Type Supra, leaving the P-Type. The only other of note was the addition of the now-mandatory high-mounted taillight.

Toyota Supra


– 1983

The second-gen started off its interior changes standard power windows, lock and mirrors, an 85 mph analog (optional digital dash standard cruise control, and a five-speaker AM/FM audio Buyers could opt for a cassette with a 105-watt amp and equalizer, and a There were no changes to the in 1983.


Toyota some time revising the steering wheel, cruise-control and door lock switches to go with the all-new 130 mph speedometer. The cassette player audio from the previous year became a standard feature for

1985 – 1986

In Toyota revised the Supra’s ever so slightly. On the negative Toyota eliminated the leather option on the L-Type. Added in for was illuminated entry with out, a standard theft-deterrent and side-view mirror defoggers.

delays in the third-gen Supra Toyota to carry over the features from 1985.


In 1982, the Supra an all-new 2,759 cc, double-overhead-cam engine dubbed the 5M-GE. engine put down an aggressive-for-the-era 145 and 155 pound-feet of torque that the 3,000-pound sports car to 60 mph in 9.8 seconds. It clocked in at 17.2 seconds at 80 mph in the

As standard, the 1982 Supra with a five-speed manual but buyers could opt for an A43DL automatic transmission on the L-Type.

For 1983, the Supra’s 5M-GE received an electronic-advance distributor and a boost in output to 150 horsepower and 159 of torque. Additionally, the P-Type received a set of 4.10 gears and the received 3.73 gears in of the 3.72 gears in the all 1982

The optional A43DL automatic was replaced by an electronically controlled unit with a “Power” that moved the shift to higher in the rpm range for quicker


In 1984, Toyota upgraded the 5M-GE engine a new intake manifold with intake runners and a 9.2-to-1 ratio. This combined to the aging six-cylinder’s power to 160 and 163 pound-feet of torque in five-speed All automatic models retained the output numbers as the 1983 year.

Toyota also modified the end on both the five-speed and automatic giving them 4.30 and gearing, respectively.

1985 1986

In 1985, Toyota the six-cylinder’s output to 161 horsepower and 169 of torque in both the automatic and variants. The engine also some new ancillaries in the form of a throttle-position sensor, a new exhaust-gas-recirculation and a knock sensor.

These new likely had more to do with requirements rather than performance. This engine the Supra to hit 60 mph in 8.4 seconds and clear the in 16.1 seconds at 85 mph. In the driveline remained unchanged.

and Braking

1982 –

In 1982, the Supra received a independent suspension with a power steering system, struts on the front and a semi-trailing arm with coils on the back Four-wheel disc brakes did the The Supra’s braking and suspension remained unchanged through the second generation.

Third (1986.5 – 1992)


some delays in production, the Supra finally debuted through the 1986 model This also marked the year as its own model, as the umbilical between the Celica and Supra was leaving the Supra to fend for and boy did it ever… The revised body a shocking overhaul, as it retained the basic wedge design the pop-up headlights. The body was just cleaned up a little, it look the part of a high-end car.

Also making its in this generation was the Sport-Roof (aka Targa top).

the Supra shrunk in overall to 181.9 inches – 1.6 inches than the second-generation – but its width by exactly 1 inch, giving it a appearance. The Supra’s weight jumped to 3,389 pounds a manual transmission and 3,516 with an automatic transmission.

huge came in 1987, but it on the outside. The only change on the was the addition of standard headlight

Toyota Supra

In 1992, the change was that the base no longer included the Sport-Roof Everything else remained the

Toyota Supra


– 1987

For the third the Supra received standard climate control, tilt and wheel, cruise control, windows, mirrors and door and a top-level audio system. was really the springboard generation for the becoming a premium sports car not on the outside, but the inside too. In no major changes were on the inside.


On the inside, the Supra’s received new fabric that the pattern from squares to Also, new covering on the climate and gear shifter changed colors from light to dark gray.


The was almost unnoticeably updated in with the addition of coat to the B-pillars and rear-mounted seat In terms of function, the old two-point were replaced with ones.


The 1990 year rolled in with the of a driver-side airbag; a new driver-side bezel; a two-piece lower panel in place of 1990’s panel; and the deletion of the memory on the steering column.


In the Supra received a new speedo additional lines; new Shadow and Deep Red interior colors; and new front speakers in place of the model year’s 5-inch


In 1992, the only were the elimination of the rear in models with the optional and a 10-speaker audio system a CD player became an option.


The third-generation Supra in the most-powerful engine the Supra had to date: a 3.0-liter, in-line engine dubbed the 7M-GE. new six-pot engine pushed out 200 and 196 pound-feet of torque. This remained unchanged, in terms of through the remainder of the third

The engine mated to a standard manual transmission and a new A340E automatic transmission as optional.

– 1988

The 1987 year brought the Supra to the of perfection when the Turbo appeared for the first time the 7M-GTE turbocharged 3.0-liter engine. Sure, its 230 horsepower and 246 of torque were not massive over the base 3.0-liter, but it was the of something huge for the model.

The new hooked up to an upgraded R154 five-speed transmission as standard and the four-speed automatic, as an option.

The remained unchanged in 1988.

In 1989, Toyota revised the system and updated the turbocharger to squeeze an extra 2 horsepower 8 of torque from the 7M-GTE giving it 232 horsepower and 254 pound-feet of Everything else remained


In 1990, the engines a step back with a redline, thanks to a heavier and counterbalance on cylinders No. 2 and 5.

1991 1992

the only change in the two years if the third-gen Supra was the revision of the automatic transmission’s points.

Suspension and Brakes

The third-generation Supra brought the introduction of the optional Toyota Modulated Suspension (TEMS), allowed the driver to select two settings for the driving style. the TEMS had a third setting automatically engaged if it sensed driving (hard braking, throttle, etc.).


The Supra remained the same, but the model came standard the Sports Package. This included TEMS and a limited-slip The Sports Package was optional on the Supra.

1988 – 1992

1988 and 1992, the suspension and systems in both Supra remained the same.

Fourth (1993 – 1998)


The became a true contender in the sports car realm with the of the fourth generation in the 1993 year. An all-new swooping fixed headlights, optional wing and a 0.3 (base) to 0.31 Cd all helped make this legendary. The Supra’s exterior unchanged through 1998.

The Supra came in at 3,210 in its base format with 40 added if you checked of the Sport on the options list and an extra 55 when the automatic transmission was The turbo variant came in at pounds with the manual and 3,427 pounds with the trans. Both models 177.8 inches long, inches wide and 49.8 high.

Toyota Supra

1993 – 1995

On the inside, the was equally unchanged as the outside the third generation. The base came standard with seats, a power driver cruise, a tilt steering remote trunk release, climate control, power and an AM/FM/Cassette audio system.

The model added in power mirrors, and a leather-wrapped gear and steering wheel.

1996 –

The standard Supra and Turbo remained the same, but Toyota in an SE package that stripped the base Supra to help its price to attract more


1993 – 1995

In Toyota introduced an all-new of engines. As standard, the Supra with a 3.0-liter in-line engine dubbed the 2JZ-GE. engine produced 220 horsepower and 210 of torque.

It mated to a five-speed transmission as standard and had an optional automatic transmission.

The Turbo really set the bar for sports car realm, as new 2JZ-GTE twin-turbocharged in-line punched out 320 horsepower and 315 pound-feet of The Turbo model came with a Getrag six-speed transmission and a four-speed automatic as an


Emission regulations bit the Turbo in the tailpipe in 1996, as the of the OBD-II system in the U.S. Toyota to equip the Supra with only a four-speed transmission. Toyota just get its manual transmission OBD-II in time to make it in the 1996 year.

The base model unchanged.


While the Supra remained the same, the model regained its six-speed manual transmission, as Toyota to get it OBD-II certified.


The Supra underwent a few changes in its year in the U.S. First, the manual transmission was dropped, only the four-speed automatic Secondly, the base engine Toyota’s VVT-i system bumped its output to 225 horsepower and 220 of torque.

The Supra Turbo unchanged in this final year with the exception of it discontinued in CARB states.

and Braking

1993 – 1998

The Supra featured a nearly 51:49 weight distribution, it very balanced in the twist. this weight ratio its fantastic independent suspension and sticky rollers underneath it. allowed it to hold up to 0.95 Gs.

The Turbo model was a little front-biased than the standard with its 53:47 weight but it held the track as well as its brother. The Turbo variant standard with a four-channel ABS system with Yaw control with an F1-inspired braking This allowed it to stop 70 mph in only 149 feet.

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