1974 Alfa Romeo GT Veloce 2000 (GTV) | Conceptcarz.com

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Alfa Romeo GT

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The Alfa Romeo GTV automobiles elegant, simple and beautiful. The versions of the Alfetta GT and GTV were by Autodelta, initially with the aspirated engine from the GT AM racer based on the 105 series for homologation under FIA Group 2. In guise they were with moderate success in winning the Elba and Costa rallies overall, as well as in various other racing

Power was from a dual cam four-cylinder engine displacing cubic-inches and offering 130 horsepower. had a five-speed manual transmission and brakes at all four corners. for the two-door coupe began at

By Daniel Vaughan | Dec 2011

the company that was originally as ALFA, Anonima Lombara Automobili (translated as Lombard Factory, Public Company) the Romeo 2000 was introduced in on the Turin autosalon.

Founded in as ‘Darracq Italiana’ by Cavaliere Ugo an aristocrat from Milan, who was in with Axendre Darracq, the Automobile firm. They produced Darracq cars in but eventually moved to Milan of Portello. At this point the was renamed ALFA.

The onset of War I halted all automobile production at for three years. The company the factory to produce military in 1916 for the Italian and allied war

When the war ended, the Romeo over complete control of and car production resumed in 1919. The of the company was changed in 1920 to Romeo.

Produced by the Italian company, the Alfa Romeo, the was a successor to the 1900. Eventually the Alfa Romeo 2600, in 1961, replaced the 2000. to revive the glory of their period, Alfa Romeo producing more unique in the late fifties.

Produced in two the Berlina came with 105 hp and the with 115 hp. Two years later, the model was added to the lineup. The was manufactured by Alfa Romeo the Spider was manufactured by Touring and the by Bertone.

Due to the high expense and of these vehicles, only of the Berlina, 704 of the Sprint and only of the Spider were sold

The 2000 sedan was a distinctive of the transition between classic and interesting contrast. The spider and came with more body styles, while the lines of the spider offered to the soft curves of the Giulietta.

Upgraded to an all-alloy straight-6 engine in 1962, the 2000 more recognition than ever seemed to achieve. a past glory to which could no longer aspire to, larger Alfa’s were in Italian Automobile history.

In the and early 1970’s, Italian took advantage of lower on the smaller-displacement engine. Alfa to produce an incredible range of as a result. These models offered with both and 1300 engine sizes.

an era of high-octane gasoline and extreme outputs, the 1960’s were a time for Alfa’s sales. The range of models were the Alfa model to not suffer the of US emission controls.

Alfa 1960 models are recognized as classics and the value of each car is

Alfa Romeo’s Alfetta and remains, a misunderstood and undervalued Perhaps Alfa’s most sophisticated product prior to takeover of the company in 1987, the came from a long of class-leading automobiles. The Alfetta was of a last hoorah for pre-Fiat Romeo.

Stylish and engaging, yet flawed, the Alfetta turned out to be of a metonym for the entire Alfa brand.

Before its absorption the Fiat conglomerate, Alfa wasn’t really in the business of transportation devices—Alfa made Giuseppe Busso, one of the Italian finest engineers, attested to in Pat Braden’s Alfa Romeo Companion.

Busso explained to that, during the development of the Alfa management requested Busso develop three suspension designs for the upcoming a low-cost option; a cost-quality essentially a ‘best bang for the design; and a cost-no-object, technically alternative. Management chose the

Busso stated, ‘When the was made to proceed with the best design, I realized I had for many decades for the very automobile manufacturer in the world.’ An Hardly. While companies BMW and Mercedes-Benz always maintained postwar images than Romeo, the fact can’t be that Alfa was the company continued to innovate until it ran itself into the ground.

A romantic amongst buttoned-down Alfa Romeo—like other innovators such as Citroen and itself to ….

Resisting for as long as possible, Alfa ran into grave financial Its cars quickly grew in the late 1970s and throughout the outpaced by competitors and with no left for improvements. Alfa itself dry, until no remained but absorption into move that radically the marque’s trajectory and led to a full lineup of front-wheel-drive cars no real ties to earlier aside from their styling.

Anyone who insists that BMW has built better cars Alfa Romeo should be that Alfa endowed its with a stupendously advanced system—more on this later—while BMW to its relatively primitive McPherson front suspension and semi-trailing arm suspension.

And so the Alfetta persisted more straightforward and thoroughly-developed a hot-blooded and hopeful Latin put forth by a loving but underfunded company. Like Alfa as a whole, the Alfetta fought optimism and with arrogance it could fight no longer. of development money and an insistence on engineering led to a car that could have been as sorted as, the far more conventional BMW 2002.

The was a wonderful car—but it wasn’t in the way of transportation. Poor build iffy dealerships, and the unreliability in new technology hurt the Alfetta’s The resulting slow sales financial struggles at Alfa, the cash-strapped company without funding to continue developing the Alfetta.

The model soldiered on in forms until 1986, not coincidentally, was the year before took the reins, brining to an end the of mass-produced postwar innovation to Alfisti remain eternally

It’s interesting that the signaled Alfa Romeo’s from innovator to also-ran, another Alfa product—also Alfetta—led an earlier but equally transition. This first was from prewar producer of road and racing cars the lines of Bugatti and Duesenberg, to constructor of mass-produced jewels the Giulietta and GTV. And the car at the forefront of movement was the Tipo 158/159 grand prix racer, Alfetta, or ‘little Alfa.’

The Alfetta was one of the very finest Romeos produced. A single-seat, racing car with the profile of a making no secret of its potent this road-bound rocket all competition. Beginning its career to WWII, the Alfetta realized its potential when racing after the war’s end.

The took the World Championship in and 1951, producing 300 horsepower per at the height of its development.

Cute aside, the Alfetta was violent and Raw, animalistic, and brutally the Alfetta represented the pinnacle of racing excitement. Fast, dangerous—if ever there was a car to satisfy the ambitions of F.T. and his Futurist Manifesto, this was it. declare,’ wrote Marinetti, the splendor of the world has been by a new beauty: the beauty of speed.

A racing automobile with its adorned with great like serpents with breath. a roaring motor car seems to run on machine-gun fire, is beautiful than the Victory of The Alfetta was a hyperbolic machine. It humankind’s triumph over and gasoline (well, aluminum and fuel in this case) to viscerally expressive—and devastatingly of mechanical sculpture.

Absolutely for transportation, the Alfetta was nothing but a And it was fantastic.

Admittedly, bringing the Alfetta name and applying it to a sedan was something of a pretentious Alfa Romeo exploited the connections between the new Alfetta and its namesake in advertisements for the new car, even such flagrant couldn’t inspire much success. Apparently, most car buyers didn’t particularly about whether or not their of car took the World Championship in prix racing two decades

But while Alfa’s application of the name was somewhat contrived, it was not baseless. There was in fact a technological link between the two this brings the story to the newer Alfetta’s insistence on an advanced suspension system by Giuseppe Busso.

Both the racing car and Alfetta production car a deDion rear axle. unconventional design combined the of both a live axle and an rear suspension into a package. A simplified deDion consists of a rigid tube attaches to a car’s body at a located pivot point. minimizes unsprung weight also preventing the camber inherent in primitive independent systems.

The deDion rear coupled with a torsion-bar-sprung suspension, endowed the Alfetta crisp handling and superb capabilities.

The later Alfetta shared another key feature its racing ancestor: a rear This risky and highly proposition turned the (production) into a truly remarkable Alfa Romeo had the chutzpa to a racing-derived hunk of aluminum beneath the rear seat of a sedan.

In search of impeccable distribution, Alfa offered a exciting solution and created a machine that—despite its presumptuous an understated and subtle automobile.

The though, was not without its problems. mounted the clutch with the unit itself, instead of its bellhousing coupled to the engine. greatly increased the mass engine and clutch. The heavy driveshaft, itself a reliability using rubber giubo to absorb driveline shock, with the clutch.

Accelerated synchro wear as did a propensity for dropping revs between shifts.

The Alfetta developed (and rightly so) a for severe rust issues. The problems led first to slow and later to low resale values. of those circumstances conspired to that the Alfetta was never a car on the roadway, particularly in the U.S. and the of extant examples is declining all the pattern that will slow as values rise to for increased rarity.

Problems the Alfetta was a remarkably accessible car its exotic underpinnings. Its advanced design, rear transaxle, rear disc brakes, and twin-cam four culminated in a sedan that packed far technology than bystanders Compare that to the more BMW 2002, with its staid ordinary transmission, rear brakes, and SOHC four an iron block.

But the BMW had only two allowing the German to be lighter and tossable. Luckily, Alfa the great potential of the Alfetta and, within two years, a two version was released to compete directly with machines the 2002.

Alfa Romeo GT

This new coupe lithe fastback styling by Giugiaro. With its angular hunkered-down stance, and large this new Alfetta GT had a look in line with its radical The coupe (marketed as the GT, then the and labeled ‘Sprint Veloce’ in the States from 1978) from the same problems as the sedan (called the Berlina).

The coupe, though, brought out the of the Alfetta package by using the underpinnings to create a stylish touring car for the masses.

The Alfettas many trim changes, varied across countries. As an of the haphazard sub-models that the Alfetta range, consider the automatic transaxle introduced in an to boost U.S. sales. exported scads of these cars to the U.S. only to that they proved to sell.

Though most preferred not to shift for themselves, the buyers in America were all enthusiasts who were willing to with Alfa’s shoddy control and poor dealer in order to drive an exciting Alfa Romeo exhibited a lack of knowledge regarding its customer base, and ended up more buyers than it So what happened to the unsellable

They went back to almost comically labeled The Alfetta America, with its spec sheet and automatic actually sold so well in the market that Alfa had to more of them in order to demand.

In addition to the ill-fated Alfa introduced multiple editions on the Alfetta platform to sales and inject interest in an product. The Berlina became the Sedan in the U.S. just as the GT the GTV became the Sprint Veloce. The changes and limited-production specials fool buyers, though.

The was ageing rapidly, and its parent lacked the finances to further—or finish—the car’s development.

1981 to 1986, Alfa did build a higher-tech version of the coupe, called the GTV-6. updated Alfetta featured an V6 motor to replace the superb but four. The GTV-6 showed the development potential of the Alfetta but alas Alfa could not to develop the car beyond that

The GTV-6, always a relatively machine produced in small was a glorious last gasp for the platform. Fiat took in 1987, and Alfetta was no more. (As an the exotic, Zagato-built Alfa SZ of bore a distinct mechanical to the Alfetta platform, specifically the the SZ showed how truly advanced had the original Alfetta of 1972.)

The Alfas, which included the in addition to the Alfetta and GTV-6, arguably the last true They were some of the last cars developed to the Fiat takeover. They the last rear-wheel-drive Alfa for years. And they were of the tragic heroes within the of Alfa Romeo.

Here was a that built a name for producing some of the finest and exotic prewar racing in the world; here was a company a sense of humor, supposedly its ‘Giulietta’ range of cars to a play on words, namely and Giulietta;’ here was a company slapstick managerial antics and a disconnect between different here was a company made by and crippled by bureaucracy; and here was a that bled itself dry cars it thought the world with seemingly little for what customers actually

The Alfetta could have a path for future Alfas to Instead, it became a flawed that stood at the edge of an automaker’s history as a relatively company. Alfa has produced great cars under many of which have more competitive and sold in numbers than the Alfetta. But one is for sure: the Alfetta will happen again.

Alfa is not …, but the company’s of stubborn optimism and innovation to have rusted away the last of the Alfettas.


Joe. Illustrated Alfa Buyer’s Guide. 2nd. WI: MBI Publishing Company, 1992.

Braden, Pat. Alfa All-Alloy Twin Cam Companion: Cambridge, MA: Bentley Publishers, Print.

The Alfa Romeo was produced from 1972 1984 with over examples being produced. It was in either fastback/coupe or saloon The design was penned by the famous Giorgetto Giugiaro.

Its attractive matted to powerful engines and reasonably well, were the for its popularity and over ten years of In the end it was reliability issues that production to a close.

There a variety of engines available its lifespan. There were two DOHC engines with two carburetors, and a turbo-Diesel engine by VM Motori. The Diesel, introduced in was initially 2-liters with but in 1982 was enlarged to 2.4-liters.

The structure was unique for Alfa a design that was first on the Alfetta 158/159 Grand cars. The transmission, clutch, and were placed in the front to weight distribution and amplify the handling capabilities. The rear was a de Dion beam while the was double wishbones and torsion

In 1979 the Alfetta was given cosmetic updates such as a front-end, new lights, and new wheel Another facelift in 1984 in a name-change, the Alfa Romeo 90. new name aligned the Alfetta the Alfa Romeo naming which included the Alfa 33 and 75.

The Alfa Romeo Alfetta was famous by being Italian Minister Aldo Moro’s escort car. In 1978, was kidnapped and later … by the Terrorist left-wing organization The Red

The Alfa Romeo Alfetta was a popular car because of its stylish design and powerful engines.

By Vaughan | Jun 2012

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